The Hindu

Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- The Hindu Editorial 30/08

Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- The Hindu Editorial 30/08

These Questions Completely based on Single “The Hindu Editorial” Paragraph. The purpose to start this is to make you read the same paragraph again and again to understand the different types of questions like comprehension, cloze test, sentence arrangement, sentence improvement, vocab, antonyms, synonyms, fillers (all based on single paragraph) etc. Reading this paragraph while practicing these questions will help you understand.

The Hindu : 30 August 2019

Subject: Tinkering for optics: On FDI rule changes

Title: The latest FDI rule changes may not be enough to draw a rush of investments
On the face of it, the Centre’s announcement on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) norms on Wednesday appears to be one more push to make India a more attractive destination to overseas investors, especially those keen on entering the market for the long haul.

From extending the available 100% FDI under the automatic route in the coal mining sector (till now permitted only for captive consumption) to include those companies seeking to commercially sell the commodity, to distinctly including contract manufacturing under the automatic 100% route and easing local sourcing norms for overseas investors in the Single Brand Retail Trading (SBRT) business, the changes in investment guidelines approved by the Cabinet have been touted as “FDI policy reform”.

The government, clearly concerned by the economic slowdown and persistently weak investment activity, has sought to provide a policy fillip to attract more foreign capital into sectors that it sees as having a multiplier effect particularly in terms of job creation. One must also consider the pressing contexts.

Earlier this month, the RBI pointed out that net FDI flows had moderated to $6.8 billion over the first two months of the current fiscal year, from $7.9 billion in April-May 2018. And with Prime Minister Narendra Modi having set a goal of ensuring India becomes a $5 trillion economy within the next five years, the overall consumptive capacity needs to be raised manifold to undergird demand growth.

To that end, the act of widening reforms in coal mining, manufacturing and retail is completely understandable.
A closer examination, however, raises several concerns about the ultimate attractiveness of these changes.

For instance, the tweaks to investment norms on coal appear at first flush to be a win-win for both the economy at large and the coal industry, the environmental costs of focusing on one of the most polluting fossil fuels notwithstanding.

This is predicated on the prospect of seeing an influx of both capital and modern technology into mining and processing, as well as raising domestic supply of the key raw material for power, steel and cement production thereby cutting costly and burgeoning imports.

But for foreign mining companies to make a beeline to pitheads, several related regulatory and market challenges will have to be addressed post-haste.

Large miners will need economies of scale and so require access to large contiguous fields with minimal bureaucratic constraints on operations.

While domestic thermal power plants have had to rely on increased imports in recent times, many of the electricity producers themselves are in financial stress. How much additional investments may actually accrue is not clear.

Directions (1-3) Choose the similar meaning
Q1. Contiguous
a)outrider
b)escort
c)adjoining
d)all
e) None

Q2. Influx
a)elocution
b)inundation
c)debate
d)all
e) None

Q3. Fillip
a)stimulus
b)arsonist
c)mob
d)maverick
e)None

Directions: (4-5) choose the opposite meaning
Q4. Haul
a)shove
b)furrow
c)shrine
d)asylum
e)None

Q5. Tweak
a)temple
b)arable
c)surge
d)refrain
e)None

Direction (6-7): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark “No Error” as your answer.
Q6. One more push to make India a more attractive destination to overseas investors, especially this keen on entering the market for the long haul.
a)especially these
b)especially those
c)especially this
d)especially that
e)None

Q7. The government, clearly concerned by the economic slowdown and persistently weak investment activity, have sought to provide a policy fillip to attract more foreign capital.
a)sought
b)had sought
c)has sought
d)have sought
e)None

Directions (8-10): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 8 to 10. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning. If none of the words given in options fits in, mark ‘None of these’ as your answer choice.
To distinctly including contract manufacturing under the automatic 100% route and ……..8……. local sourcing norms for ………..9……. investors in the Single Brand Retail Trading (SBRT) business, the changes in investment guidelines approved by the Cabinet have been touted as “FDI policy reform”. The government, clearly concerned by the economic slowdown and …….10……….. weak investment activity, has sought to provide a policy fillip to attract more foreign capital into sectors that it sees as having a multiplier effect particularly in terms of job creation
Q8.

a)easing
b)opulent
c)opaque
d)brush
e)None

Q9.

a)blunt
b)overseas
c)compel
d)palliate
e)None

Q10.

a)chronic
b)cosmetics
c)cosmonaut
d)persistently
e)None

Directions (11-12): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or d) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.
Q11. A closer examination(a)/ however, raises several concern(b)/ about the ultimate(c)/ attractiveness of these changes(d)/(e)/

a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E 

Q12. To that end(a)/ the act of widening reforms in coal(b)/ mining, manufacturing(c)/ and retail is completely understandable(d)/(e)/
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E 

Directions (13-15): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.
a)While domestic thermal power plants have had to rely on increased imports in recent times, many of the electricity producers themselves are in financial stress.
b)But for foreign mining companies to make a beeline to pitheads, several related regulatory and market challenges will have to be addressed post-haste.
c)Large miners will need economies of scale and so require access to large contiguous fields with minimal bureaucratic constraints on operations.
d)This is predicated on the prospect of seeing an influx of both capital and modern technology into mining and processing, as well as raising domestic supply of the key raw material for power.
e)Steel and cement production thereby cutting costly and burgeoning imports.
Q13. Which is the Second step after rearrangement? 

a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E 

Q14. Which is the Third step after rearrangement?
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E 

Q15. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E
Directions (16-17): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are four options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. If none of the four words is your answer, choose option (e) as your answer choice.
Q16. Large miners will need economies of scale and so require access to large contiguous fields with minimal bureaucratic …………… on operations.
a)bank
b)reckon
c)constraints
d)court
e)None

Q17.While domestic thermal power plants have had to………….. on increased imports in recent times, many of the electricity producers themselves are in financial stress.
a)urchin
b)complacent
c)cartography
d)rely
e)None

Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.
Q18. According to passage what is the FDI current flow in current fiscal?
a)$6.8 billion
b)$7.9 billion
c)$5 trillion
d)both b & c
e)None

Q19. According to passage what is the reason of economic slowdown?
a)policy reform
b)foreign capital outflow
c)both b & d
d)weak investment
e) None

Q20. Which of the following statements is/are true in context of the passage above?
(I) The overall consumptive capacity needs to be raised manifold to undergird demand growth
(II)The tweaks to investment norms on coal appear at first flush to be a win-win for both the economy
(III) While domestic thermal power plants have had to rely on increased imports in recent times
a) Only (III)
b) Both (I) and (II)
c) Both (II) and (III)
d) All are correct
e) None

Answers With Explanation

Ans.1, c it means sharing a common border; touching.
Ans.2, b it means an arrival or entry of large numbers of people or things.
Ans.3. a it means something which acts as a stimulus or boost to an activity.
Ans.4, a Haul means (of a person) pull or drag with effort or force. shove means push (someone or something) roughly.
Ans.5, d tweak means twist or pull (something) sharply. Refrain means stop oneself from doing something.
Ans.6, b use those in place of this We use these and those with plural nouns:

You can use any one of these computers. (these + plural noun)

I need to paint those windows. (those + plural noun)
these is the Plural form of “this” Used when the speaker is talking about things or persons near him
those is the Plural form of “that” Used when the speaker is talking about things or persons far from him.
Ans.7, c use has in place of have
Have is the conjugation of to have that’s used when speaking in the first person (I, we), the second person (you), or the third person plural (they). Take, for example, the following sentence: “They have two dogs.”

Has is the conjugation of to have that’s used when speaking in the third person singular (he, she, and it). Bear in mind, this only really applies when you’re speaking in the present tense (describing events that are currently happening).

This example from And the Mountains Echoed by Khaled Hosseini shows has used with a third person singular pronoun (he): “He has a slender nose, a narrow mouth, and tight blond curls.”
Ans.8, a it means make (something unpleasant or intense) less serious or severe.
Ans.9, b it means in or to a foreign country, especially one across the sea.
Ans.10, d it means in a persistent manner; continuously.
Ans.11, b use s with concern. because noun is singular.
Ans.12, e no error.
Ans.13, e is correct. Because the correct sequence is DEBCA.
Ans.14, b is correct.
Ans.15, c is correct.
Ans.16, c it means a limitation or restriction Or stiffness of manner and inhibition in relations between people.
Ans.17, d it means depend on with full trust or confidence.
Ans.18, a according to passage a is correct.
Ans.19, c according to passage c is correct.
Ans.20, d according to passage d is correct.

 

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