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Most Important Current Affairs of the Day- 13.11.2019

Most Important Current Affairs of the Day- 13.11.2019

1. India to host 19th council of heads of government of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation in 2020

  • SCO Secretary-General Vladimir Norov has announced that India will host the 19th council of heads of government of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation in 2020 in New Delhi.
  • This is for the first time that India will host this meet.
  • Recently Rajnath Singh represented India at the 18th council of heads of government of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation held in Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

    About Shanghai Cooperation Organisation:

    • Abbreviation: SCO
    • Predecessor: Shanghai Five group, founded on 26 April 1996
    • Formation: 2001
    • Type: Mutual security, political, economic organisation
    • Headquarters: Beijing, China
    • Secretary General: Vladimir Norov
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. Which country will host the 19th Council of heads of government of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation in 2020? India
    2. Who represented India at the 18th Council of Heads of Government of Shanghai Cooperation Organization, held recently in Uzbekistan? Rajnath Singh

2. President’s Rule in Maharashtra

  • President’s Rule was imposed in Maharashtra amid a stalemate over government formation after the assembly polls last month.
  • The Union Cabinet had earlier in the day recommended President’s Rule in the state after Governor Bhagat Singh Koshyari submitted a report in this regard, officials said.
  • President Ram Nath Kovind has signed a proclamation imposing President’s Rule in Maharashtra under Article 356(1), they said, adding the Assembly has been kept in suspended animation.
  • In his report, the governor said a situation has arisen that a stable government is not possible even after 15 days of election results being declared, according to officials.
  • All possible efforts have been made but he saw no probability of a stable government in the state, the governor said.

    As per Article 356(1):

    • If the President, on receipt of report from the Governor of the State or otherwise, is satisfied
      that a situation has arisen in which the government of the State cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution, the President may by Proclamation
    • (a) assume to himself all or any of the functions of the Government of the State and all or any of the powers vested in or exercisable by the Governor or any body or authority in the State other than the Legislature of the State;
    • (b) declare that the powers of the Legislature of the State shall be exercisable by or under the authority of Parliament;….”
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. Recently President’s Rule has been imposed in which state of India as political parties failed to prove majority? Maharashtra
    2. Under which article, President’s Rule was imposed in Maharashtra amid a stalemate over government formation? Article 356

3. 39th India International Trade Fair 2019 to begin in New Delhi

  • Several countries, including Australia, Iran, UK and Vietnam, will participate in the 14-day India International Trade Fair 2019 beginning in New Delhi.
  • The theme for the 39th edition of the fair (November 14-27, 2019) is ‘Ease of Doing Business’ inspired by India’s unique achievement of rising to 63rd rank on the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business Index from 142nd rank in year 2014, an official release said.
  • The fair will be inaugurated by Minister of Micro, Small and Midium Enterprises (MSME) Nitin Gadkari.
  • Countries including Australia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Egypt, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Iran, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, the UK and Vietnam would be participating in the fair.
  • This year the status of ‘Partner Country’ has been accorded to ‘The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan’ and ‘The Republic of Korea’ will be the ‘Focus Country’.
  • Bihar and Jharkhand will be the focus states in this edition of the fair.
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. What is the theme for the 39th edition of the India International Trade Fair? Ease of Doing Business
    2. Which edition of the International Trade Fair is going to start in New Delhi? 39th
    3. Who will inaugurate the 39th edition of the International Trade Fair? Nitin Gadkari

4. Mohammad Imran appointed Bangladesh High Commissioner to India

  • Mohammad Imran has been appointed as the new High Commissioner of Bangladesh to India.
  • He is currently Bangladesh’s Ambassador to United Arab Emirates. He succeeds Syed Muazzem Ali.
  • The announcement was made by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bangladesh.

    About Mohammad Imran:

    • A career diplomat Muhammad Imran belongs to the 1986 batch of Bangladesh Civil Service (BCS) Foreign Affairs cadre. He has served Bangladesh Missions in different capacities in Kolkata, Berlin, Bonn, Ottawa and Jeddah. He has also been Bangladesh’s Ambassador to Uzbekistan.Dr Mohammad Imran is a graduate from Mymensingh Medical College.
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. Who has been appointed as the new High Commissioner of Bangladesh to India? Mohammad Imran

5. NASA Captures the Brightest X-Ray Burst Ever Observed

  • NASA has detected a massive thermonuclear explosion coming from outer space, caused by a massive thermonuclear flash on the surface of a pulsar — the crushed remains of a star that long ago exploded as a supernova.
  • The explosion released as much energy in 20 seconds as the Sun does in nearly 10 days.
  • NASA’s Neutron Star Interior Composition Explorer (NICER) telescope on the International Space Station (ISS) detected a sudden spike of X-rays on August 20, reports the US space agency.
  • The X-ray burst, the brightest seen by NICER so far, came from an object named “J1808”.
  • “J1808” is located about 11,000 light-years away in the constellation Sagittarius.
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. Name the NASA’s telescope that has detected a huge thermonuclear explosion coming from outer space? Neutron Star Interior Composition Explorer (NICER)
    2. Recently NASA saw an X-ray of a huge thermonuclear explosion by the NICER telescope when it came from the brightest object called ___. “J1808”

6. Ficci signs Fintech MoU with Singapore

  • Industry body Ficci signed an agreement with Singapore Fintech Association (SFA) to boost cooperation for development of financial technology industry in India and the southeast Asian country.
  • Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (Ficci) signed a memorandum of understanding with SFA as part of the growing Singapore-India fintech eco-systems.
  • The Trade promotion Council of India (TPCI) will also be signing a pact with Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) for working towards access to Business sans Borders (BSB), a meta-platform for connecting cross border trade platforms this week.
  • The FICCI-SFA MoU is a partnership agreement to share information about fintech and collaborate on mutually beneficial initiatives that will further development of fintech industry in both the countries
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. Which Industrial body of India has signed an agreement with Singapore Fintech Association (SFA) as part of the growing Singapore-India fintech eco-systems? Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (Ficci)

7. Suranga Bawadi on World Monument Watch list

  • Suranga Bawadi has been included in the World Monument Watch list for 2020 along with 24 other monuments from across the world.
  • The World Monuments Watch is a global program launched in 1995 by World Monuments Fund.
  • It aims to identify imperiled cultural heritage sites and provide direct financial and technical support for their preservation.
  • Suranga Bawadi is an integral part of the ancient Karez system of supplying water through subterranean tunnels built during the Adil Shahi era in the 16th century in Vijayapura,Karnataka.
  • The magnificent underground system was built to supply water to the city which had a population of nearly 12 lakh then.
  • Suranga Bawadi has been selected under the ‘Ancient Water System of the Deccan Plateau’ by World Monuments Fund.
  • The inclusion will help Suranga Bawadi to get funds for restoration within the next two years.

    About World Monuments Fund:

    • World Monuments Fund(WMF) is a private, international, non-profit organization founded in 1965.
    • It is is headquartered in New York,USA.
    • It is dedicated to the preservation of historic architecture and cultural heritage sites around the world through fieldwork, advocacy, grantmaking, education, and training.
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. Suranga Bawdi, which has recently been included in the 2020 World Monuments Watch List, was built during which era in the 16th century? Adil Shahi era
    2. Where is Suranga Bawdi, recently included in the 2020 World Monuments Watch List located? Karnataka

8. Sishu Suraksha APP to be launched in Assam on Children’s Day

  • The Assam State Commission for Protection of Child Rights is going to launch a mobile app Sishu Suraksha on the occasion of Children’s Day.
  • The purpose of the app is to empower citizens to take moral responsibility of protecting future generations.
  • The app can be used by anyone in the state to lodge a complaint which will be directly registered at Commission.

    About Assam:

    • Capital:: Dispur
    • Governor: Jagdish Mukhi
    • Chief Minister: Sarbananda Sonowal
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. Which state commission has recently launched ‘Shishu Suraksha’ mobile app on Children’s Day? Assam
    2. What is the name of the mobile app recently released by the Assam State Commission on Children’s Day? Sishu Suraksha

9. Ricky Gervais to host Golden Globes for the fifth and last time

  • Actor-comedian Ricky Gervais will host the 77th Golden Globe Awards.
  • The British actor served as the host for the ceremony from 2010 to 2012, and then again in 2016.
  • The Golden Globe Awards will be announced on January 5, 2020.

    About Golden Globe Awards:

    • Awarded for: Excellence in film and television
    • Country: United States
    • Presented by: Hollywood Foreign Press Association since 1943
    • First awarded: January 20, 1944
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. Which Actor-comedian is set to host the 77th annual Golden Globe Awards for the fifth and last time? Ricky Gervais

10. Air Chief to inaugurate ISAM Conference in Bengaluru

  • Air Chief Marshal RKS Bhadauria will inaugurate the 58th Indian Society of Aerospace Medicine (ISAM) Annual Conference which aims to address contemporary issues and applications in the subject of aerospace medicine.
  • The event will take place at the Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Indian Air Force, Bengaluru from November 14-16.
  • The theme for this year’s conference is ‘Changing Paradigms in Aerospace Healthcare’, read a statement.
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. What is the theme of the 58th Indian Society of Aerospace Medicine (ISAM) Annual Conference? Changing Paradigms in Aerospace Healthcare
    2. The 58th Indian Society of Aerospace Medicine (ISAM) Annual Conference will be held in which city? Bengaluru
    3. Which edition of the Indian Society of Aerospace Medicine (ISAM) Conference will be held in Bengaluru this year? 58th

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