दिन के सबसे महत्वपूर्ण करंट अफेयर्स

Most Important Current Affairs of the Day- 12.12.2019

Most Important Current Affairs of the Day- 12.12.2019

1. Cricket South Africa appoints Graeme Smith as acting director

  • Former South Africa captain Graeme Smith has accepted the role of Cricket South Africa’s acting Director of Cricket, announced CEO Jacques Faul.
  • Smith will remain on the post till the Indian Premier League next year, he added.
  • Jacques Faul was appointed acting chief executive of Cricket South Africa after Thabang Moroe was suspended over governance concerns, and major sponsor Standard Bank decided not to renew their contract in April 2020.
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. Who has become South Africa’s first director of cricket on interim basis? Graeme Smith
    2. Who has been appointed as acting chief executive of Cricket South Africa? Jacques Faul

2. Rohit Sharma becomes first Indian to slam 400 sixes in international cricket

  • Opener Rohit Sharma has become the first Indian batsman to smash 400 sixes in international cricket.
  • The 32-year-old achieved the feat by smashing his first six in the third T20I against West Indies in Mumbai.
  • Overall, Rohit is the third cricketer to reach the milestone after Chris Gayle (534) and Shahid Afridi (476).
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. Who has become the first Indian batsman to smash 400 sixes in international cricket? Rohit Sharma
    2. Who became the third cricketer to smash 400 sixes in international cricket after Chris Gayle and Shahid Afridi? Rohit Sharma

3. Greta Thunberg named TIME’s 2019 Person of the Year

  • Greta Thunberg, the teen activist from Sweden who has urged immediate action to address a global climate crisis, was named Time Magazine’s Person of the Year for 2019.
  • The 16-year-old is the youngest individual ever named TIME’s Person of the Year.
  • “Thunberg has become the biggest voice on the biggest issue facing the planet—and the avatar of a broader generational shift in our culture”, TIME magazine said.
  • Other nominees for person of the year included President Donald Trump and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi.

    About Greta Thunberg:

    • Born: 3 January 2003 (age 16) Stockholm, Sweden
    • Occupation: Student, environmental activist
    • Awards:
      • Goldene Kamera (2019)
      • Fritt Ord Award (2019)
      • Rachel Carson Prize (2019)
      • Ambassador of Conscience Award (2019)
      • Fellow of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society (including Geddes Environment Medal) (2019)
      • Right Livelihood Award (2019)
      • International Children’s Peace Prize (2019)
      • Glamour Award for The Revolutionary (2019)
      • Time Person of the Year (2019)
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. Which environmental activist has been named TIME’s 2019 Person of the Year? Greta Thunberg
    2. 16-year-old climate activist Greta Thunberg, who recently grabbed the attention of the whole world, hails from which country? Sweden

4. Asghar Afghan reappointed as Afghanistan captain in all formats

  • Former Afghanistan captain Asghar Afghan has been reappointed as the skipper across all the three formats of the game.
  • Asghar was replaced with Rahmat Shah, Gulbadin Naib and Rashid Khan as Test, ODI and T20I captains, respectively in April this year.
  • However, following the team’s poor run in the World Cup, leg-spinner Rashid Khan was named the captain across formats.
  • The 32-year-old Asghar has represented Afghanistan in 111 ODIs, 66 T20 Internationals and 4 Test matches.
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. Who has been reappointed as the captain of Afghanistan cricket team across all three formats? Asghar Afghan
    2. Asghar Afghan is related to which sports? Cricket

5. Vijay Shekhar Sharma resigns as Director of Paytm Financial Services

  • Paytm Founder Vijay Shekhar Sharma has resigned as the Director of Paytm Financial Services, citing “other preoccupations” as the reason.
  • Replacing him is Rohit Lohia, who is currently Vice President of Paytm’s lending business and came on board the financial services company in July 2019.
  • Sharma will continue as Founder and CEO of Paytm and Paytm’s parent company, One97 and also as the Chairman of Paytm’s financial entity.
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. Who is set to be appointed as additional director of the Paytm Financial Services? Rohit Lohia
    2. In which year, Paytm was founded by Vijay Shekhar Sharma in Noida? 2010

6. PM to inaugurate 107th session of ISC on January 3

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate the five day 107th session of the Indian Science Congress on January 3, Karnataka Minister for IT-BT, Science and Technology Dr C Ashwath Narayan said.
  • The 107th edition of Indian Science Congress (ISC) will be held at the University of Agricultural Sciences here from January 3 to 7, 2020.
  • “The Science Congress, where delegates from various streams will take part, will be inaugurated by the Prime Minister on January 3,” he said at the curtain raiser event.
  • Themed “Science and Technology: Rural Development”, the event will bring together more than 15,000 delegates from the scientific fraternity and academia, Research& Development institutes, defence, government, PSUs and corporate houses.
  • The ‘Pride of India Expo 2020’, organised concurrently with the ISC, will be a confluence of new ideas, innovations and products surrounding the entire canvas of scientific world will also be inaugurated simultaneously, the organisers said in a statement.
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. What is the theme of the 107th edition of Indian Science Congress (ISC)? “Science and Technology: Rural Development”
    2. Which edition of the Indian Science Congress (ISC) will be inaugurate by PM Narendra Modi on January 3? 107th
    3. Who will inaugurate the five day 107th session of the Indian Science Congress? PM Narendra Modi

7.  All you need to know about Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 (CAB)

  • The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 (CAB) is a bill amending the Citizenship Act of 1955 to make illegal migrants who are Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan, who entered India on or before 31 December 2014, eligible for Indian citizenship.
  •  Under the Act, one of the requirements for citizenship by naturalization is that the applicant must have resided in India during the last 12 months, and for 11 of the previous 14 years.
  • The Bill relaxes this 11-year requirement to five years for persons belonging to the same six religions and three countries.
  • The bill exempts the tribal areas of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Tripura, included in the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution from its applicability.
  • As per the citizenship bill, a foreigner may register as an OCI under the 1955 Act if they are of Indian origin.
  • It entitles the OCI cardholders to benefits such as the right to travel to India, and to work and study in the country.
  • The new bill amends the Act to allow cancellation of OCI registration if the person has violated any law notified by the Central government.

    Need:

    • In the 2019 election campaign, the BJP’s manifesto reiterated its commitment to bring in the Bill.
    • The National Register of Citizens (NRC) was updated in Assam state in 2019, leaving out 1.9 million residents, a majority of whom were Hindus, without citizenship.
    • This matter brought urgency to the bring in the Bill.

    Legislative History:

    • The Union Cabinet cleared the Bill on 4 December 2019. It was passed by the Lok Sabha on 10 December 2019 and, subsequently, in the Rajya Sabha on 11 December 2019.
    • Now the Bill will go to the President for his assent. As many as 125 lawmakers voted in the favour of the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill and 99 against it.

    Political parties involved:

    • The CAB was supported by BJP, JD(U), SAD, AIADMK, BJD, TDP and YSR-Congress. The Shiv Sena did not participate in the voting.

    How much of Northeast does the Bill cover?

    • CAB won’t apply to areas under the sixth schedule of the Constitution – which deals with autonomous tribal-dominated regions in Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.
    • The bill will also not apply to states that have the inner-line permit regime (Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Mizoram).

    Why is Assam angry about it?

    • Among the states in the Northeast, the outrage against CAG has been the most intense in Assam.
    • While a chunk of these states have been exempted from the legislation, CAB overs a large part of Assam.  
    • The protests stem from the fear that illegal Bengali Hindu migrants from Bangladesh, if regularised under CAB, will threaten cultural and linguistic identities of the state.
    Isn’t it the same like the NRC?
    • The National Register of Citizens or NRC that we saw in Assam targeted illegal immigrants.
    • A person had to prove that either they, or their ancestors were in Assam on or before March 24, 1971.
    • NRC, which may be extended to the rest of the country, is not based on religion unlike CAB.

8. 16th Ryan International Childrens Festival 2019

  • Ryan International Group of Institutions is hosting the 16th Ryan International Children’s Festival from 13th to 17th December 2019 at Talkatora Stadium and National Bal Bhavan, New Delhi.
  • There will be over 300 performances on the theme ‘Generation Equal’.
  • The aim of the festival is to empower children to overcome gender prejudices and celebrate a generation of equals.
  • This year the spotlight is on gender equality and stereotypes that exist in societies around the world.
  • Participating Countries 20: Some of them are: Russia, Germany, Czech Republic, Paraguay, Poland, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, India, Iran, Latvia, Lithuania, Morocco, Slovenia Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.

    About Ryan International Group of Institutions:

    • Ryan Group was started in 1976 by the visionary educationists Dr. A. F. Pinto, Chairman and Mrs. Grace Pinto, Managing Director.
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. What is the theme of the 16th Ryan International Childrens Festival 2019? ‘Generation Equal’

9. Rani and Saurabh honoured at FICCI India Sports Awards

  • Indian women’s hockey team captain Rani and Asian Games gold medallist shooter Saurabh Chaudhary won the top honours at the FICCI India Sports Awards 2019.
  • The awards are an attempt by FICCI to acknowledge and recognise the contribution of athletes and various stakeholders.
  • Odisha’s sports minister Tusharkanti Behera and the state’s sports secretary Vishal Kumar Dev presented the awards to the winners.
  • The FICCI India Sports Awards 2019 have been conferred by a jury headed by Mukul Mudgal, Retired Judge, Delhi High Court, and Chief Justice of Punjab and Haryana High Court.
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. Which Indian shooter has won the top honours at the FICCI India Sports Awards 2019? Saurabh Chaudhary
    2. Name the Indian women hockey player, who won the top honours at the FICCI India Sports Awards 2019? Rani

10. Sunil Chhetri signs up 3-year deal with PUMA

  • Indian men’s football team captain Sunil Chhetri signed a three-year deal with global sports giant, PUMA.
  • Chhetri, who is the second-highest after Cristiano Ronaldo on the list of active international scorers in world football, joins the brand’s roster of global players like Antoine Griezmann, Romelu Lukaku, Luis Suarez and Sergio Aguero among others.
  • One of the greatest footballers India has ever seen, Chhetri plays as a striker for the national team and ISL side Bengaluru FC. A hero for both the club and the country, he is the most-capped player and also the all-time top goal scorer for the Indian team.
  • Chhetri was conferred with the Arjuna award in 2011 and Padma Shri in 2019 and has been named All India Football Federation’s (AIFF) Player of the Year six times.
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. Recently Indian men’s football team captain Sunil Chhetri has signed a three-year deal with which global sports giant? PUMA
    2. In which year, Sunil Chhetri was conferred with the Padma Shri? 2019

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