Everything From A Single Para | English Aptitude Test

These Questions Completely based on Single “Outlook” Editorial. The purpose to start this is to make you read the same paragraph again and again to understand the different types of questions like comprehension, cloze test, sentence arrangement, sentence improvement, vocab, antonyms, synonyms, fillers (all based on single paragraph) etc. Reading this paragraph while practicing these questions will help you understand.
Outlook : 21 August 2019
Good Nutrition For New India

We are a nation of indomitable spirit and unmatchable potential to show excellence in every field. However, to keep India striding fast on its development trajectory, we need the people of the country—its human capital—to be stronger and healthier. And nutrition is a key determinant of this. We must ensure that our people, particularly the youngsters, are well-nourished. It is worrying that 38.4 per cent of children below the age of five are stunted, acc­ording to the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4). Childhood wasting has increased over the past 10 years (NFHS-3 and 4) from 19.8 to 21 per cent. Rising moderate acute and severe acute malnutrition remain critical concerns. Moreover, at least 20.7 per cent of women and 18.6 per cent of men are obese and overweight (NFHS-4). Hunger and obesity are the double burden of malnutrition. Our top priority should be the empowerment of the current and future generations, which is crucial for inclusive and sustainable development. Water scarcity, drought, floods and climate vulnerability are affecting food production, threatening our current and future generations as nutrition is essential for a healthy immune system and higher-order cognitive ability. As the Indian diet systems, with their diversity, promote good nutrition and are believed to be self-sustaining, we must prom­ote our traditional food and feeding practices. Many Indian states have done exemplary work in nutrition. Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura, Chhattisgarh, Punjab, Mizoram, Gujarat, Odisha, Delhi and Assam have shown reduced stunting, while Meghalaya, Mizoram, Bihar, Jharkhand and Kerala have been successful in reduction of wasting. Sikkim, Assam, Chhat­tis­garh, Odisha, Rajasthan, Bihar and Jharkhand have been able to reduce the incidence of anaemia. We should celebrate our success and take pride in scaling it up. These achievements can inspire others to replicate and take forward the initiatives. And as our programmes and policies should be evidence-based, our research and academic institutions should carry out more research on nutrition.
In nutrition planning, we must involve the ministries of agriculture, animal husbandry, health and family welfare, and food and civil supplies. Overlaying nutrition maps with agricultural maps can help us know what produce would be able to achieve optimal nutrition and the seed kits we should recommend. As adolescent girls are the second window of opportunity in addressing malnutrition, with the first 1,000 days of life being the first window, preventing early marriage of girls, add­ressing their dropout rate from schools, delaying first pregnancy and adequate spacing between births would greatly contribute to better nutrition. Initiating breastfeeding within an hour of birth prevents neonatal morbidity and helps build continued immunity after placental separation. In India, only 41 per cent of the mothers are able to start breastfeeding within an hour of giving birth. We must promote breastfeeding to ensure optimal nutrition and reduce the risk of disease among infants. We must also ensure that the Integrated Child Development Services scheme serves proper complementary food to children below two years, and supplementary food to pregnant and lactating women. Anganwadi centres should be the points of convergence for nutrition, health and food security services.
Micronutrient malnutrition—vitamin and mineral deficiency—results in poor cognitive and physical development, and must be addressed through supplementation, food fortification and dietary diversity. Dietary diversification needs to be ensured with increased consumption of green leafy vegetables and fruits, besides lentils and other protein-rich food items. We must promote nutrition-sensitive agriculture, dry land agriculture and naturally bio-fortified crops like minor millets, amla and drumstick. It is time to focus on ‘precision agriculture’ using Artificial Intelligence for food, nutrition and water security. There is also a need to leverage the human capital potential, including the 5.5 million self-help groups, comprising 60 million women members, and the 13.63 lakh Aanganwadi centres. Grassroot workers must be trained and empowered with adequate budget. A nutrition revolution can be brought about by creating village-level women nutrition-­warriors or change-leaders.
The Pradhan Mantri POSHAN Abhiyaan—the scheme for holistic nourishment that aims to benefit 100 million people in three phases from 2017-18 to 2019-20, reducing stunting, undernutrition, anaemia and low birth weight—can be the guiding light for all the nutrition-related interventions. It needs to be implemented in a campaign mode with greater involvement of panchayats, civil society organisations and people’s networks. There should be a national movement on the lines of Swachh Bharat and Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Abhiyaan to eliminate the scourge of malnutrition and other nutrition-related problems. Good nutrition is not a choice anymore; it is a prerequisite for New India’s bright future. Jai Hind!

Directions (1-3) Choose the similar meaning

Q1. Inclusive

  1. beverage     
  2. brittle     
  3. comprehensive     
  4. all   
  5. None

Q2. Cognitive

a) Perception
b) Unveil
c) Relegated
d) Adept
e) None

Q3. Replicate
a)indication
b)duplicate
c)skepticism
d)all
e) None

Directions: (4-5) choose the opposite meaning

Q4. Convergence

a) gesture
b) divergence
c) interlocutor
d) all
e) None

Q5. Diversification
a)homogeneous      b)omitted      c)ratchet up      d)all      e) None

Direction (6-7): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark “No Error” as your answer.
Q6. Micronutrient malnutrition—vitamin and mineral deficiency—results in poor cognitive and physical development, and must be addressed through supplementation, food fortification and dietary diversity.
a)be addressed          b)must be addressed         c)many be addressed
d)more be addressed         e) None

Q7. It needs to be implemented in a campaign mode with greater involvement of panchayats, civil society organisations and people’s networks.
a)It need to be          b)It needed to be         c) It needs to be
d)It needing to          e) None

Directions (8-10): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 8 to 10. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning. If none of the words given in options fits in, mark ‘None of these’ as your answer choice.
Micronutrient malnutrition—vitamin and mineral deficiency—results in poor cognitive and physical development, and must be addressed through ………..8…….., food ………..9………. and dietary diversity. Dietary diversification needs to be ensured with increased ………..10…….. of green leafy vegetables and fruits, besides lentils and other protein-rich food items.
Q8. a)ramification       b)bastion       c)supplementation        d) all       e) None

Q9. a)emaciation            b)fortification        c)archaic        d) all          e) None

Q10. a)consumption       b)barricade         c)convinced       d) all         e) None

Directions (11-12): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or d) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.
Q11. Initiating breastfeeding(a)/ an hour of birth prevents(b)/ neonatal morbidity and helps build(c)/ continued immunity after placental separation(d)/(e)/
a) a            b) b          c) c               d) d             e) e

Q12. We must also ensure that the Integrated(a) Child Development Services scheme serves proper(b)/ complementary food to children below two years(c)/ and supplementary food to pregnant and lactating women.(d)/(e)/
a) a            b) b          c) c               d) d             e) e

Directions (13-15): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.
a) We should celebrate our success and take pride in scaling it up. These achievements can inspire others to replicate and take forward the initiatives.
b) Sikkim, Assam, Chhat­tis­garh, Odisha, Rajasthan, Bihar and Jharkhand have been able to reduce the incidence of anaemia.
c) As the Indian diet systems, with their diversity, promote good nutrition and are believed to be self-sustaining, we must prom­ote our traditional food and feeding practices.
d) Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura, Chhattisgarh, Punjab, Mizoram, Gujarat, Odisha, Delhi and Assam have shown reduced stunting, while Meghalaya, Mizoram, Bihar, Jharkhand and Kerala have been successful in reduction of wasting.
e) Many Indian states have done exemplary work in nutrition.
Q13. Which is the Second step after rearrangement?
a) A         b) B         c) C           d) D             e) E

Q14. Which is the Third step after rearrangement?
a) A         b) B         c) C           d) D             e) E

Q15. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?
a) A         b) B         c) C           d) D             e) E

Directions (16-17): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are four options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. If none of the four words is your answer, choose option (e) as your answer choice.
Q16. Our top priority should be the empowerment of the current and future generations, which is ……….. for inclusive and sustainable development.
a)crucial            b)tyranny            c)limber            d) All         e) None

Q17. Water scarcity, drought, floods and climate ……….. are affecting food production, threatening our current and future generations as nutrition is essential for a healthy immune system and higher-order cognitive ability.
a)mandatory         b)pivotal           c)vulnerability           d) All         e) None

Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.
Q18. According to passage what is the percentage of obese men & women in India?
a)20.7 & 18.6 %         b)18.6 & 20.7 %          c)19.8 & 21 %          d)All         e) None

Q19. According to passage what is the result of vitamin and mineral deficiency ?

(a)cognitive development       (b)physical development         

(c)problem in cerebral activity  (d)both a & b           

(e) None

Q20. Which of the following statements is/are true in context of the passage above?
(I) There is also a need to leverage the human capital potential, including the 5.5 million self-help groups
(II) The Pradhan Mantri Poshan Abhiyaan aims to benefit 100 million people in four phases
(III) Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura, Chhattisgarh, Punjab have been able to reduce the incidence of anaemia

(a) Only (I)                (b) Both (I) and (II)         

(c) Both (II) and (III)    (d) All are incorrect       

(e) None

Answers with Explanation

 

Ans.1, c it means including all the services or items normally expected or required

Ans.2, a the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses.

Ans.3, b it means make an exact copy of; reproduce.

Ans.4, b convergence means the process or state of converging. Divergence means the process or state of diverging.

Ans.5, a diversification means the action of diversifying something or the fact of becoming more diverse. Homogeneous means of the same kind; alike.

Ans.6, b The negative form of must is mustn’t. We don’t use don’t/doesn’t/didn’t with must:
There mustn’t be any rubbish left.

Ans.7, c is correct.

Ans.8, c it means the addition of an extra element or amount to something.

Ans.9, b it means a defensive wall or other reinforcement built to strengthen a place against attack.

Ans.10, a it means the action of using up a resource.

Ans.11, b put within before an, Within means ‘inside or not further than a particular area or space’:
People who live within the city pay higher local taxes than people who live just outside the city. (= the people who live no further than the city boundary or limits)
We’ve always lived within ten miles of the coast. We love the sea. (We’ve always lived no further than ten miles from the coast.)
Within: time
We can use within to refer to time:
I’ve booked train tickets on the Internet. They should arrive within three days. (no later than three days from now)
I’ve noticed her change within a very short time.

Ans.12, e no error.

Ans.13, e is correct. Because the correct sequence is CEDBA.

Ans.14, d is correct.

Ans.15, b is correct.

Ans.16, a it means decisive or critical, especially in the success or failure of something.

Ans.17, c it means the quality or state of being exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.

Ans.18, b according to passage b is correct.

Ans.19, d according to passage d is correct.

Ans.20, a according to passage a is correct.

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