The Hindu

Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test 27 08 2019

Everything From A Single Para

These Questions Completely based on Single “The Hindu” Editorial. The purpose to start this is to make you read the same paragraph again and again to understand the different types of questions like comprehension, cloze test, sentence arrangement, sentence improvement, vocab, antonyms, synonyms, fillers (all based on single paragraph) etc. Reading this paragraph while practicing these questions will help you understand.

The Hindu : 27 August 2019

Earth’s burning lungs: On Amazon’s rainforest fire

Brazil’s attitude to the destruction of large areas of the Amazon rainforest is worrying
The Amazon rainforest, the largest of its kind in the world, is ablaze, with over 9,500 distinct fires burning through its main basin since August 15. Overall, Brazil has seen more than 76,000 fires ravage the Amazon in 2019, of which around 10,000 have been started in the past few weeks, mainly by loggers and farmers seeking, as they do during the summer months, to clear vast tracts for agricultural or industrial use. However, this annual exercise of planned deforestation appears to have crossed a tipping point this year. There has been an increase of at least 80% in the number of recorded fires compared to the same period in 2018, according to Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research (INPE). This week, images of darkening skies above Sao Paulo, more than 2,700 km away from the fires, went viral. The number and intensity of the fires are closely linked to the rate of deforestation. Some reports estimate that in July 2019, the Amazon shrunk by 1,345 sq km, up 39% from the same month last year, and a historical record. The flames are not confined just to Brazil either. In neighbouring Bolivia, deadly blazes are devastating forests and farmlands, so much so, that its President, Evo Morales, has put his re-election campaign on hold over the weekend, and, unlike his Brazilian counterpart Jair Bolsonaro, was quick to welcome foreign aid to help fight the fires.
The distinctly political undertones of the crisis in Brazil sets it apart. Mr. Bolsonaro’s critics say that his economic and environmental policies have virtually set the stage for intensifying degradation of the Amazon’s rich biodiversity. They argue that since he came to power this year, he has chipped away at the protections that the rainforest enjoyed, including by weakening the environment ministry when he made Ricardo Salles, found guilty of administrative improprieties for altering a map to benefit mining companies, the Environment Minister; by driving away Norway and Germany, principal donors who have backed protections for the Amazon; by sacking the head INPE over absurd allegations that he was disclosing how rapidly Amazon deforestation was happening; and by attacking both environmental charities, alleging without proof that they started fires to serve certain foreign interests, and indigenous Amazon dwellers. Under intense global pressure, including from the ongoing G-7 meetings of world leaders, Mr. Bolsonaro, a right-wing climate-change sceptic, appears to have relented to an extent, and has authorised 44,000 military troops to help with the firefighting efforts. Even if they succeed, and the Bolsonaro administration ultimately bends to global outrage over the destruction of a critical global ecosystem, the discernible shift in Brazilian public institutions responsible for guarding the future of the Amazon rainforest is a worrying sign of worse things to come.

Directions (1-3): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 1 to 3. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning. If none of the words given in options fits in, mark ‘None of these’ as your answer choice.
This week, images of darkening skies above Sao Paulo, more than 2,700 km away from the fires, went viral. The number and ……….1…….. of the fires are closely linked to the rate of ………2……….. Some reports estimate that in July 2019, the Amazon shrunk by 1,345 sq km, up 39% from the same month last year, and a historical record. The flames are not ……….3…….. just to Brazil either.
Q1. a)pine         b)edifice          c)intensity           d) all          e) None

Q2. a)deforestation              b)novel            c) daub            d) all            e) None

Q3. a)confined            b)pinnacle              c)huge              d) all            e) None

Directions (4-6) Choose the similar meaning
Q4. Undertones

a)murmur              b)whisper             c)mutter            d)all              e) None

Q5. Improprieties
a)misconduct            b)dishonesty           c)corruption         d)irregularity       e) None

Q6. Discernible
a)visible             b)detectable              c)perceptible            d)all            e) None

Directions: (7-8) choose the opposite meaning
Q7. Counterpart
a)colossal             b)original              c)mesmerizing             d)all           e) None

Q8. Tracts
a)unbroken              b)variety              c)whole             d)all             e) None

Direction (9-10): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark “No Error” as your answer.
Q9. The flames are not confined just to Brazil either.
a)Brazil                    b) Brazil both                           c)Brazil neither         d)Brazil either        e) None

Q10. There has been an increase of at least 80% in a number of recorded fires compared to the same period in 2018, according to Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research (INPE).
a)an number of recorded               b)a number of recorded                c)the number of recorded
d) number of recorded                e) None

Directions (11-12): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are four options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. If none of the four words is your answer, choose option (e) as your answer choice.
Q11. The Amazon rainforest, the largest of its kind in the world, is …………., with over 9,500 distinct fires burning through its main basin since August 15.
a)lit             b)flaming               c)ablaze             d) All            e) None

Q12. This week, images of darkening skies above Sao Paulo, more than 2,700 km away from the fires, went …………
a)insouciant            b)viral              c)cavern               d) All             e) None

Directions (13-15): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.
a) The flames are not confined just to Brazil either.
b) Some reports estimate that in July 2019, the Amazon shrunk by 1,345 sq km, up 39% from the same month last year, and a historical record.
c) In neighbouring Bolivia, deadly blazes are devastating forests and farmlands, so much so, that its President, Evo Morales, has put his re-election campaign on hold over the weekend, and, unlike his Brazilian counterpart Jair Bolsonaro, was quick to welcome foreign aid to help fight the fires.
d) This week, images of darkening skies above Sao Paulo, more than 2,700 km away from the fires, went viral.
e) The number and intensity of the fires are closely linked to the rate of deforestation.
Q13. Which is the Second step after rearrangement?
a) A                 b) B                 c) C                 d) D              e) E 

Q14. Which is the Third step after rearrangement?
a) A                 b) B                 c) C                 d) D              e) E 

Q15. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?
a) A                 b) B                 c) C                 d) D              e) E 

Directions (16-17): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or d) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.
Q16. Mr. Bolsonaro’s critics say that(a)/ his economic and environmental policies have(b)/ virtually set the stage (c)/intensifying degradation of the Amazon’s rich biodiversity(d)/(e)/
a) a            b) b               c) c             d) d             e) e

Q17. Mr. Bolsonaro, a right-wing climate-change sceptic(a)/ appears to have relented to an extent(b)/ and has authorised 44,000 military(c)/ troops to help with the firefighting efforts(d)/(e)/
a) a            b) b               c) c             d) d             e) e

Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.
Q18. According to passage images of darkening skies above Sao Paulo, how much km km away from the fires, went viral. ?
a)1890 km          b)2000 km            c)2700 km           d)All          e) None

Q19. According to passage how much increase of at in the number of recorded fires compared to the same period in 2018?
a)75%              b)80%            c)60%             d)All         e) None

Q20. Which of the following statements is/are true in context of the passage above?
(I) The Amazon shrunk by 1,345 sq km last year
(II) In Bolivia, deadly blazes are devastating forests and farmlands
(III) The discernible shift in Brazilian public institutions responsible for guarding the future of the Amazon rainforest

a) Only (III) b) Both (I) and (II) c) Both (II) and (III) d) All are incorrect e) None

Answers With Explanation

Ans.1, c it means the quality of being intense.
Ans.2, a it means the action of clearing a wide area of trees.
Ans.3, a it means (of a space) restricted in area or volume; cramped.
Ans.4, d it means a subdued or muted tone of sound or colour.
Ans.5, d it means failure to observe standards of honesty or modesty; improper behaviour or character.
Ans.6, d it means able to be discerned; perceptible.
Ans.7, b Counterpart means a person or thing that corresponds to or has the same function as another person or thing in a different place or situation. Original means present or existing from the beginning; first or earliest.
Ans.8, c Tract means an area of land, typically a large one. Whole means all of; entire.
Ans.9, d use either.
Either + singular noun
Either is used as a determiner before a single noun.

There are only two options and I’m not interested in either film.
A: Do you want it ready for Thursday or Friday? B: Either day is fine for me

Ans.10, c use the in place of a.
The expression the number is followed by a singular verb while the expression a number is followed by a plural verb.

Examples: The number of people we need to hire is thirteen.

A number of people have written in about this subject.
Ans.11, d it means burning fiercely.
Ans.12, b it means of the nature of, caused by, or relating to a virus or viruses.
Ans.13, e is correct. Because the correct sequence is DEBAC.
Ans.14, b is correct.
Ans.15, a is correct.
Ans.16, c use for after set the stage. Its is correct use because it is idiom it means prepare the conditions for (the occurrence or beginning of something).
Ans.17, e no error.
Ans.18, c according to passage c is correct.
Ans.19, b according to passage c is correct.
Ans.20, c according to passage c is correct.

 

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