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These Questions Completely based on Single “The Hindu” Editorial. The purpose to start this is to make you read the same paragraph again and again to understand the different types of questions like comprehension, cloze test, sentence arrangement, sentence improvement, vocab, antonyms, synonyms, fillers (all based on single paragraph) etc. reading this paragraph while practicing these questions will help you understand “The Hindu” Editorial Deeply which will help you in Every exam.

The Hindu: 02 August 2019

Logged out: On protecting Amazon rainforest

Brazil must recognise that the Amazon rainforest is a universal treasure

It is a matter of global concern that deforestation in the Amazon rainforest in Brazil is increasing rapidly since January, when Jair Bolsonaro took office as President. Satellite images show that about 4,200 sq km of forests have been destroyed up to July 24 under the new government. While most nations tend to view their land and forests through the narrow prism of short-term economic gain, climate science data show that they play a larger environmental role. The Amazon basin, spread across millions of hectares in multiple countries, hosts massive sinks of sequestered carbon, and the forests are a key factor in regulating monsoon systems. The rainforests harbour rich biodiversity and about 400 known indigenous groups whose presence has prevented commercial interests from overrunning the lands. Much of the Amazon has survived, despite relentless pressure to convert forests into farmlands, pastures and gold mines, and to build roads. That fragile legacy is now imperilled, as Mr. Bolsonaro has spoken in favour of “reasonable” exploitation of these lands. Although the forest code has not been changed, his comments have emboldened illegal expansion into forests. Armed gold-hunting gangs have reached tribal areas and the leader of one tribe has been murdered in Amapa in an incursion. These are depressing developments, and the Brazilian leader’s criticism of satellite data and denial of the violence are not convincing at all.

As the custodian of forests in about 5 million sq km of Amazon land, Brazil has everything to gain by engaging with the international community on meeting the opportunity cost of leaving the Amazon undisturbed. Mr. Bolsonaro lost a valuable opportunity to seek higher funding for forest protection by refusing to host the annual convention of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change this year, but he has been wise not to exit the Paris Agreement. Abandoning that pact would jeopardise Brazil’s access to the important European Union market. Globally, there is tremendous momentum to save the Amazon forests. Brazil must welcome initiatives such as the billion-dollar Amazon Fund backed by Norway and Germany, which has been operating for over a decade, instead of trying to shut them down. Remedial funding, accounting for the value of environmental services, is the most productive approach, because forest removal has not helped agriculture everywhere due to soil and other factors. One estimate by the World Bank some years ago noted that 15 million hectares had been abandoned due to degradation. Brazil’s President must recognise that rainforests are universal treasures, and the rights of indigenous communities to their lands are inalienable. The international community must use diplomacy to convince Mr. Bolsonaro that no other formulation is acceptable.

Directions (1-3): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 1 to 3. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning. If none of the words given in options fits in, mark ‘None of these’ as your answer choice.

As the ……1…… of forests in about 5 million sq km of Amazon land, Brazil has everything to gain by engaging with the international community on meeting the ………2…… cost of leaving the Amazon undisturbed. Mr. Bolsonaro lost a valuable opportunity to seek higher funding for forest protection by refusing to host the annual …….3……. of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change this year, but he has been wise not to exit the Paris Agreement. 

Q1. a)protocol          b)slot             c)custodian     d) all       e) None

Q2. a)opportunity     b)keeper         c)combat        d) all       e) None

Q3. a)promotion       b)overseer       c)convention   d) all       e) None

Directions (4-6) Choose the similar meaning

Q4. Sequestered

a)fortify            b)impound       c)vulnerable       d)pact         e) None

Q5. Imperiled

a)jeopardize      b)hearten         c)expropriate      d)all            e) None

Q6. Emboldened

a)encourage      b)enormous      c)expelled          d)arrogate    e) None

Directions: (7-8) choose the opposite meaning

Q7. Tremendous

a)daub             b) minute           c)colossal     d)all        e) None

Q8. Indigenous

  1. a) juncture      b)expatriate        c)cosmic      d)epic       e) None

Direction (9-10): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark “No Error” as your answer.

Q9.  Many of the Amazon has survived, despite relentless pressure to convert forests into farmlands, pastures and gold mines, and to build roads. 

a) Much of the       

b) Many of the             

c) Most of the

d)Mostly of the             

e) None

Q10. Although the forest code has not been changed, his comments have emboldened illegal expansion into forests

a) therefore the forest       

b) though the forest             

c) Although the forest

d) so the forest             

e) None

Directions (11-12): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are four options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. If none of the four words is your answer, choose option (e) as your answer choice.

Q11.  Armed gold-hunting gangs have reached tribal areas and the leader of one tribe has been murdered in Amapa in an ……………… 

a)Ebonics       

b)mammoth         

c) incursion       

d) All       

e) None

Q12. These are …………… developments, and the Brazilian leader’s criticism of satellite data and denial of the violence are not convincing at all.

a)depressing       

b)arcane         

c) plussed         

d) All   

e) None

Directions (13-15): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.

  1. a)Brazil’s President must recognise that rainforests are universal treasures, and the rights of indigenous communities to their lands are inalienable.      
  2. b)Remedial funding, accounting for the value of environmental services, is the most productive approach, because forest removal has not helped agriculture everywhere due to soil and other factors. 
  3. c)One estimate by the World Bank some years ago noted that 15 million hectares had been abandoned due to degradation.     
  4. d) Globally, there is tremendous momentum to save the Amazon forests.
  5. e)Brazil must welcome initiatives such as the billion-dollar Amazon Fund backed by Norway and Germany, which has been operating for over a decade, instead of trying to shut them down.

Q13. Which is the Second step after rearrangement?

  1. a) A          b) B           c) C           d) D          e) E  

Q14. Which is the Third step after rearrangement?

  1. a) A         b) B            c) C           d) D        e) E

Q15. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?

  1. a) A         b) B           c) C            d) D        e) E

Directions (16-17): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C, D) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.

Q16. The international community(a)/ must use diplomacy to(b)/ convince Mr. Bolsonaro that(c)/ none other formulation is acceptable(d)/(e)/ 

  1. a) a              b) b                 c) c                     d) d                   e) e

Q17. Satellite images(a)/ show that about 4,200 sq km(b)/ of forests have been destroyed(c) till July 24 under the new government(d)/(e)/

  1. a) a              b) b                 c) c                     d) d                   e) e

Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.

Q18. According to passage how Mr. Bolsonaro lost a opportunity to seek higher funding ?

a)refuse of convention     

b) Mr. Bolsonaro has spoken in favour of “reasonable” exploitation    c

)not to exit the paris agremment         

d)All   

e) None

Q19. According to passage what is satellite image showing?

a)rainforests harbour rich biodiversity     

b)4,200 sq km of forests have been destroyed   

c)400 known indigenous groups are living there         

d)All   

e) None

Q20. Which of the following statements is/are true in context of the passage above?

(I) Armed gold-hunting gangs have reached tribal areas 

(II) Amazon land is custodian of forests

(III) Norway and Germany is never funded Brazil

  1. a) Only (III)     
  2. b) Both (I) and (II)     
  3. c) Both (II) and (III)     
  4. d) All are incorrect   
  5. e) None

 

Answers With Explanation

 

 

Ans.1, c it means a person who has responsibility for taking care of or protecting something.

Ans.2, a it means a time or set of circumstances that makes it possible to do something.

Ans.3, c it means a way in which something is usually done.

Ans.4, b it means isolate or hide away.

Ans.5, a it means put at risk of being harmed, injured, or destroyed.

Ans.6, a it means give (someone) the courage or confidence to do something.

Ans.7, b Tremendous means very great in amount, scale, or intensity. Minute means a very short time

Ans.8, b Indigenous means originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native.

Expatriate means a person who lives outside their native country.

Ans.9, a Much and Many are used to express that there is a large quantity of something.

Many is used with countable nouns

Much is used with uncountable nouns.

I don’t have many CDs in my collection. (Countable noun)

They don’t have much money to buy a present. (Uncountable noun)

Ans.10, c Although and though both mean ‘in spite of something’. They are subordinating conjunctions.

Ans.11. c it means an invasion or attack, especially a sudden or brief one.

Ans.12, a it means causing or resulting in a feeling of miserable dejection.

Ans.13. e is correct. Because the correct sequence is DEBCA

Ans.14, b is correct.

Ans.15, c is correct.

Ans.16, d If we accept the premise that “no X other than” and “no X except” are the two standard stools that English invites us to perch our negative exception language on, it would seem that “no other X except” falls between those two stools—neither completing the first properly nor landing on the second with proper succinctness.

Later in the same entry for “No other … than,” Garner identifies an instance in which, in his view, “no other… except” is logically correct.

Ans.17, d  remove till and replace it with up to. up to is never written as one word.

Example:

I can afford upto 400 pounds. 

(should be up to)

It takes up to four hours to hard boil an ostrich egg. 

Ans.18, a according to passage a is correct.

Ans.19, b according to passage b is correct.

Ans.20, b according to passage b is correct.

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