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Everything From A Single Para | English Aptitude Test

These Questions Completely based on Single “The Hindu” Editorial. The purpose to start this is to make you read the same paragraph again and again to understand the different types of questions like comprehension, cloze test, sentence arrangement, sentence improvement, vocab, antonyms, synonyms, fillers (all based on single paragraph) etc. Reading this paragraph while practicing these questions will help you understand. 


The Hindu: 10 August 2019

Knee-jerk: On Pakistan expelling Indian envoy

Pakistan must reconsider its decision to downgrade diplomatic ties with India

Pakistan’s decision to expel India’s High Commissioner, snap trade relations and observe August 15 as a black day in supposed solidarity with the people of Jammu & Kashmir is a serious setback for diplomatic relations. Wednesday’s announcements appear to be a knee-jerk reaction to the mounting pressures on the Pakistani establishment to respond to India’s executive-legislative actions that whittle down Article 370. Pakistan has consistently described chief ministers of Jammu & Kashmir as “puppets” and never recognised the legitimacy of the government in Srinagar. Its sudden concerns about India’s actions in its own territory are reflective of muddled confusion. Ironically, this is the first time Islamabad has articulated that Article 370 was aligned with the interests of the Kashmiri people. Every Pakistani government and the country’s permanent establishment have continued to peddle the myth that they could unilaterally alter the status quo in J&K. Now, they feel compelled to respond to the expectations that they have themselves raised in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir. Sections of Indian civil society have legitimate concerns about the actions of the BJP Government in emptying out Article 370 and the continuing lockdown of the Valley, but this does not license Pakistan to interfere in what the MEA correctly described on Thursday as India’s internal matter.

In the days to come, India can expect Pakistan to raise the Kashmir issue at the United Nations, mobilise the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and send envoys to friendly capitals. India is well placed to deal with Pakistan on the diplomatic front given the changed international context. India’s economic clout has grown enormously in the last couple of decades, and given doubts in the Western world about Pakistan’s overt and covert support to Islamist terror, New Delhi has the space to deal with Islamabad’s efforts to “internationalise” the Kashmir issue. Downgrading diplomatic relations between troubled neighbours is never a good idea. Neither is snapping trade and transport links. India withdrew its High Commissioner to Pakistan after the 2001 Parliament attack, but chose not to send back the Pakistani envoy at the time. However, the Pakistani High Commissioner was expelled by India after the Kaluchak terror strike in 2002. It’s interesting to note that despite all the troubles the two countries have had, High Commissioners have been able to return to their jobs since full diplomatic relations were restored in 1976. In fact, even after the 2001 Parliament attack, India and Pakistan managed to have their High Commissioners back in place by March 2003. Diplomacy is a mechanism to ensure that channels of communication remain open. While India and Pakistan have used back channels in recent years, the presence of seasoned diplomats in Delhi and Islamabad has always benefited the two countries. Pakistan needs to comprehend this.

Directions (1-3): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 1 to 3. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning. If none of the words given in options fits in, mark ‘None of these’ as your answer choice.

Its sudden concerns about India’s actions in its own territory are reflective of …..1…… confusion. Ironically, this is the first time Islamabad has ……2….. that Article 370 was aligned with the interests of the Kashmiri people. Every Pakistani government and the country’s permanent establishment have continued to ……3…… the myth that they could unilaterally alter the status quo in J&K. 

Q1. a) muddled      b) lilliputian        c) quill         d) all       e) None

Q2. a) minute        b) articulated      c) knack        d) all       e) None

Q3. a) peddle        b) gasp               c) naive        d) all        e) None

Directions (4-6) Choose the similar meaning

Q4. lockdown

a) solitary      b) daub         c) novel        d) all        e) None

Q5. Articulated 

a) bar           b) eloquent    c) fumble      d) all        e) None

Q6. Muddled 

a) puissent     b) stumble     c) fumble     d) jumble   e) None

Directions: (7-8) choose the opposite meaning

Q7. Snapping

a) plussed     b) clutch     c) quoxitc        d) all        e) None

Q8. Enormously

a) lad          b) tiny         c) nag            d) coddle    e) None

Direction (9-10): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark “No Error” as your answer.

Q9. Downgrading diplomatic relations between troubled neighbours is never a good idea. Neither is snapping trade and transport links. 

a) relations between troubled             

b) relations troubled                 

c) relations both troubled 

d) relations among troubled             

e) None

Q10. Every Pakistani government and the country’s permanent establishment have continued to peddle the myth that they could unilaterally alter the status quo in J&K. 

a) country’s permanent             

b) the country permanent               

c) the country’s permanent 

d) the countries permanent               

e) None

Directions (11-12): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are four options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. If none of the four words is your answer, choose option (e) as your answer choice.

Q11. India’s economic clout has grown …………. in the last couple of decades, and given doubts in the Western world

a) enormously         

b) immense         

c) colosaal         

d) All     

e) None

Q12.  Its sudden concerns about India’s actions in its own territory are ……….. of muddled confusion. 

a) avail       

b) reflective       

c) brook         

d) All       

e) None

Directions (13-15): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.

a) Neither is snapping trade and transport links. 

b) India withdrew its High Commissioner to Pakistan after the 2001 Parliament attack, but chose not to send back the Pakistani envoy at the time.

c) It’s interesting to note that despite all the troubles the two countries have had, High Commissioners have been able to return to their jobs since full diplomatic relations were restored in 1976.   

d) However, the Pakistani High Commissioner was expelled by India after the Kaluchak terror strike in 2002. 

e) Downgrading diplomatic relations between troubled neighbours is never a good idea. 

Q13. Which is the Second step after rearrangement?

a) A          b) B           c) C           d) D        e)

Q14. Which is the Third step after rearrangement?

a) A          b) B            c) C          d) D        e) E

Q15. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?

a) A         b) B             c) C         d) D         e) E

Directions (16-17): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or d) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.

Q16. While India and Pakistan has used back(a)/ channels in recent years, the presence(b)/ of seasoned diplomats in Delhi and Islamabad has(c)/ always benefited the two countries.(d)/(e).

a) a              b) b                 c) c                     d) d                   e) e

Q17. Its sudden concerns(a)/ about India’s actions(b)/ in its own territory(c)/ are reflective of muddled confusion(d)/(e) 

a) a              b) b                 c) c                     d) d                   e) e

Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.

Q18. According to passage what is the meaning of the phrase Knee jerk?

a) automatic and unthinking     

b) a sudden involuntary reflex kick caused by a blow on the tendon just below the knee.           

c) complain about something that cannot be rectified         

d) both a & b   e) None

Q19. According to passage how many time both countries expelled their High Commissioner before?

a) this is the first time     

b) two times before   

c) 3 times including this time         

d) All   

e) None

Q20. Which of the following statements is/are true in context of the passage above?

(I) Diplomacy is a mechanism to ensure that channels of communication remain open.

(II) BJP Government in emptying out Article 370 and the continuing lockdown of the Valley

(III) Downgrading diplomatic relations between troubled neighbours is good idea. 

a) Only (III)     

b) Both (I) and (II)     

c) Both (II) and (III)     

d) All are incorrect   

e) None

Answers With Explanation

 

Ans.1, a it means bring into a disordered or confusing state.

 

Ans.2, b it means having or showing the ability to speak fluently and coherently.

 

Ans.3, a it means try to sell (something, especially small goods) by going from place to place.

 

Ans.4, a it means the confining of prisoners to their cells, typically in order to regain control during a riot.

 

Ans.5, b it means having or showing the ability to speak fluently and coherently.

 

Ans.6, d it means bring into a disordered or confusing state.

 

Ans.7, b Snap means the action of breaking suddenly and completely, typically with a sharp cracking sound. Clutch means 

grasp (something) tightly.

 

Ans.8, b enormously means very large in size, quantity, or extent. Tiny means very small.

 

Ans.9, a t is often taught that “between” is used for 2 items and “among” for 3 or more.

But this is not completely accurate. The more accurate difference is this:

Between is used when naming distinct, individual items (can be 2, 3, or more)

Among is used when the items are part of a group, or are not specifically named 

The negotiations between Brazil, Argentina, and Chile are going well.

The negotiations among the countries of South America are going well.

 

Ans.10, c  possessives probably cause the most apostrophe confusion. They vary a little bit, depending on what type of noun you are making into a possessive. Here are the rules of thumb:

For most singular nouns, add apostrophe+s:

The dog’s leash The writer’s desk The planet’s atmosphere

For most plural nouns, add only an apostrophe:

The dogs’ leashes (multiple dogs).

 

Ans.11, d all meaning are same. It means very large in size, quantity, or extent.

 

Ans.12, c it means providing a reflection; capable of reflecting light or other radiation.

 

Ans.13, a is correct. Because the correct sequence is EABDC.

 

Ans.14, b is correct.

 

Ans.15, d is correct.

 

Ans.16, a has will be replace by have. Have is the root VERB and is generally used alongside the PRONOUNS I / You / We / Ye and They and PLURAL  NOUNS. Generally, have is a PRESENT TENSE word.

 

Ans.17, e no error.

 

Ans.18, d according to passage d is correct.

 

Ans.19, c according to passage d is correct.

 

Ans.20, b according to passage b is correct.

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