The Mint Opinion

Everything From A Single Para | English Aptitude Test

These Questions Completely based on Single “Outlook” Editorial. The purpose to start this is to make you read the same paragraph again and again to understand the different types of questions like comprehension, cloze test, sentence arrangement, sentence improvement, vocab, antonyms, synonyms, fillers (all based on single paragraph) etc. Reading this paragraph while practicing these questions will help you understand. 


The Hindu: 11 August 2019

Taking on the mob: On Rajasthan law against mob lynching

Rajasthan’s laws on lynching, ‘honour killing’ are inevitable responses to rising hate crimes

It is possible to argue that there is no need to create new criminal offences for ‘lynching’ and ‘honour killing’ because they remain plain murders. These are already punishable with death or life imprisonment. Yet, mob lynching and murderous attacks on young couples in the name of preserving family or community honour have emerged as preponderant social evils. It is but inevitable that societies come up with new ways of combating such hate crimes. Rajasthan has made bold to grapple with these two crimes by passing special penal laws. Vigilante mobs have unleashed a wave of crimes in the name of cow protection and preventing the sale of beef or transport of cattle; the spread of rumour and attempts to establish sectarian dominance have also contributed to this disturbing phenomenon. The Supreme Court zeroed in on the nub of the trend when it spoke of “rising intolerance and growing polarisation” in a judgment last year. It also mooted a special law to criminalise it and “instil a sense of fear” among those too quick to form a lynch mob. The passage of the Protection from Lynching Bill, 2019, makes Rajasthan the second State, after Manipur, to implement the suggestion. A positive feature is that it closely resembles the Manipur law in the way “lynching” is defined. It covers any act of violence, whether spontaneous or planned, by a mob on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth, language, dietary practices, sexual orientation, political affiliation or ethnicity. And two persons are enough to constitute a ‘mob’.

According to the State’s Parliamentary Affairs Minister, 86% of mob lynching incidents reported in India after 2014 were in Rajasthan. The Bill says that when a mob attack ends in death, it is punishable with life imprisonment and a fine of up to ₹5 lakh. There are lesser terms for causing injuries. As directed by the Supreme Court, the Bill provides for appointment of a nodal officer to prevent lynching and for district police chiefs to act as coordinators. It ensures compensation to victims and rehabilitation measures for those displaced. The opposition BJP, on expected lines, contended that the Bill was being brought in a hurry to please a community. However, it is a fact that Muslims have been prime targets of lynch mobs. The party’s fulmination against the other Bill that prohibits interference in the “freedom of matrimonial alliances in the name of honour and tradition” was equally bereft of substance, as it cited societal norms and cultural practice to oppose the progressive law. In effect, it was batting for khap panchayats that seek to interdict inter-caste marriages. The Bill provides for both death and life imprisonment for killing in the name of honour, but it is doubtful if courts will look at all such murders as among the ‘rarest of rare cases’ that warrant the resort to the death penalty.

Directions (1-3) Choose the similar meaning

Q1. Nub

a) slay             b) crux         c) gibbet     d) all            e) None

Q2. Lynching

a) activate        b) flabbergasted     c) lied     d) execute    e) None

Q3. Spontaneous

a) extempore      b) impulsive         c) unbidden     d) all        e) None

Directions: (4-5) choose the opposite meaning

Q4. Fulmination 

a) lionize      b) rant         c) humongous     d) all       e) None

Q5. compensation 

a) biog      b) novel         c) deprivation      d) all        e) None

Direction (6-7): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark “No Error” as your answer.

Q6. The Bill says that when a mob attack ends in death, it is punishable of life imprisonment and a fine of up to ₹5 lakh.

a) life imprisonment             

b) from life imprisonment               

c) with life imprisonment 

d) of life imprisonment               

e) None

Q7. The Bill provides for both death and life imprisonment for killing in the name of honour, but it is doubtful if courts will look at all such murders as among the ‘rarest of rare cases’ that warrant the resort to the death penalty.

a) both death and life
b) death and life               

c) either death and life 

d) with death and life             

e) None

Directions (8-10): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 8 to 10. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning. If none of the words given in options fits in, mark ‘None of these’ as your answer choice.

According to the State’s Parliamentary Affairs Minister, 86% of ………8…….. lynching incidents reported in India after 2014 were in Rajasthan. The Bill says that when a mob attack ends in death, it is punishable with life imprisonment and a fine of up to ₹5 lakh. There are lesser terms for causing injuries. As directed by the Supreme Court, the Bill provides for appointment of a ……….9…….officer to ………10…….. lynching and for district police chiefs to act as coordinators. 

Q8. a) beget         b) combo         c) mob         d) all      e) None

Q9. a) nodal         b) branch         c) hassle       d) all      e) None

Q10. a) prevent     b) enormous      c) rabble     d) all       e) None

Directions (11-12): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or d) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.

Q11. Vigilante mobs have unleashed a wave of crimes in the(a)/ name of cow protection and preventing the sale of beef or transport of cattle(b)/ the spread of rumour and attempts to establish sectarian(c)/ dominance have also contributed to this disturbing phenomenon(d)/(e)/

a) a              b) b                 c) c                     d) d                   e) e

Q12. And two(a)/ person are(b)/ enough to constitute(c)/ a ‘mob(d)/(e)

a) a              b) b                 c) c                     d) d                   e) e

Directions (13-15): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.

a) The Supreme Court zeroed in on the nub of the trend when it spoke of “rising intolerance and growing polarisation” in a judgment last year. 

b) It also mooted a special law to criminalise it and “instil a sense of fear” among those too quick to form a lynch mob.   

c) The passage of the Protection from Lynching Bill, 2019, makes Rajasthan the second State, after Manipur, to implement the suggestion.  

d) The spread of rumour and attempts to establish sectarian dominance have also contributed to this disturbing phenomenon.

e) Vigilante mobs have unleashed a wave of crimes in the name of cow protection and preventing the sale of beef or transport of cattle.

Q13. Which is the Second step after rearrangement?

a) A        b) B           c) C           d) D        e)

Q14. Which is the Last step after rearrangement?

a) A        b) B           c) C           d) D        e) E

Q15. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?

a) A        b) B           c) C           d) D        e) E

Directions (16-17): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are four options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. If none of the four words is your answer, choose option (e) as your answer choice.

Q16. Yet, mob lynching and murderous attacks on young couples in the name of preserving family or community honour have emerged as …………social evils.

a) abysmal       

b) accord           

c) preponderant         

d) All       

e) None

Q17. It is but …………..that societies come up with new ways of combating such hate crimes

a) cope         

b) inevitable         

c) prevalent         

d) All       

e) None

Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.

Q18. According to passage Rajasthan is on which number according to Protection from Lynching Bill, 2019?

a) second         

b) first         

c) third           

d) All       

e) None

Q19. According to passage what percentage mob lycing only happened in Rajasthan?

a) 86%             

b) 87%             

c) 88%         

d) All       

e) None

Q20. Which of the following statements is/are true in context of the passage above?

(I) mob lynching and murderous attacks on young couples are preponderant social evils. 

(II) mob attack ends in death, it is punishable with life imprisonment and a fine of up to ₹6 lakh

(III) fact that Muslims have not been prime targets of lynch mobs

a) Only (I)     

b) Both (I) and (II)     

c) Both (II) and (III)     

d) All are incorrect   

e) None

Answers With Explanation

 

Ans.1, b it means the crux or central point of a matter.

 

Ans.2, d it means (of a group of people) kill (someone) for an alleged offence without a legal trial, especially by hanging.

 

Ans.3, d it means performed or occurring as a result of a sudden impulse or inclination and without premeditation or external stimulus.

 

As.4, a fulmination means express vehement protest. liasion means give a lot of public attention and approval to (someone); treat as a celebrity.

 

Ans.5, c compensation means something, typically money, awarded to someone in recognition of loss, suffering, or injury. deprivation means the damaging lack of material benefits considered to be basic necessities in a society.

 

Ans.6, c In terms of English language usage, “of” means the things that make up the set, while “with” means things that are contained within the set. “Of” is the entire set, while “with” may be part of the set.

For instance, let’s say that I have a basket containing puppies.

If I describe it as “a basket of puppies”, you could infer that the only thing in the basket is puppies. The basket might contain other objects like a blanket or a chew toy, but as far as the speaker is concerned the only significant objects in the basket are the puppies.

If I describe it as “a basket with puppies”, there is a possibility that the basket contains other important things that are being overlooked. 

 

Ans.7, a We use both to refer to two things or people together:

Both those chairs are occupied, I’m afraid. (The two chairs are occupied.)

Are both your parents going to Chile? (Are your mother and father going to Chile?)

 

Ans.8, c it means a large crowd of people, especially one that is disorderly and intent on causing trouble or violence.

 

Ans.9, a it means denoting a point in a network or diagram at which lines or pathways intersect or branch.

 

Ans.10, a it means keep (something) from happening.

 

Ans.11, e no error.

 

Ans.12, b use persons in place of person Generally, persons is a decent substitute for individuals, and appears more in legal contexts that demand precision.

People is the ordinary plural of person.

Asking for a table for two or a table for two people is better than asking for a table for two persons.

 

Ans.13, d s correct because the correct sequence is EDABC

 

Ans.14, c is correct.

 

Ans.15, b is correct.

 

Ans.16, c it means  predominant in influence, number, or importance.

 

Ans.17, b it means certain to happen; unavoidable.

 

Ans.18, a according to passage a is correct.

 

Ans.19, a according to passage a is correct.

Ans.20, a according to passage a is correct.

NO COMMENTS:

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *