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Everything From A Single Para | English Aptitude Test

These Questions Completely based on Single “Outlook” Editorial. The purpose to start this is to make you read the same paragraph again and again to understand the different types of questions like comprehension, cloze test, sentence arrangement, sentence improvement, vocab, antonyms, synonyms, fillers (all based on single paragraph) etc. Reading this paragraph while practicing these questions will help you understand. 


The Hindu: 14 August 2019

Deliberate, don’t disrupt: On Budget session

Legislators could do well by adhering to a model code of conduct

One of the most unedifying sights in public life is lawmakers taking to organised disruption of legislative business. Such displays became common in Parliament in the past decade as political parties and legislators demonstratively advertised their points of view without recourse to debate. A number of crucial bills have taken an inordinate time to be enacted due to disruption, while others were not enacted despite a broad consensus — such as the Women’s Reservation Bill — due to the behaviour of a few naysayers. Many sessions of Parliament in the recent past saw little business being done due to repeated disruption. In this context, Vice President Venkaiah Naidu’s exhortation to political parties to incorporate a model code of conduct for their legislators in State Assemblies and in Parliament is welcome. He suggested that the code should include stipulations on members not entering the well of the House, and desisting from sloganeering and unruly acts. If indeed parties adopt a code, it will go a long way in making parliamentary work meaningful. Otherwise, the general public will lose interest in the procedural aspects of parliamentary democracy and limit their participation to just voting in the elections.

But the absence of disruption alone does not make for meaningful debate. The current Budget session sailed through with minimal disruption. Yet the high productivity during the session came without sufficient deliberation over crucial bills, several of which were rushed through without vetting by parliamentary standing and select committees. These committees have in the past been useful in expanding discussion over laws with civil society and experts from various streams of the larger society. They have also facilitated an enhanced cross-party coordination over issues. By not sending a single Bill among the 28 that were introduced and passed to a standing or select committee for scrutiny, the current session accentuated the trend that has minimised the importance of such committees over the last few years. Unlike the 15th Lok Sabha (2009-2014), when 71% of the bills were referred to such committees, in the 16th Lok Sabha, they constituted only a fourth of the overall number of bills. Time spent on debates in the current session in both the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha was barely a third of the overall business. This does not augur well for lawmaking. As Mr. Naidu has also pointed out correctly, deliberation is an important component of parliamentary democracy apart from legislation and accountability of lawmakers. All three aspects must cohere for a thoroughgoing procedural democracy.

Directions (1-3) Choose the similar meaning

Q1. Aspects 

a) facet      b) consensus         c) context     d) all        e) None

Q2. Legislation

a) opinion   b) codification       c) particular  d) all        e) None

Q3. sufficient 

a) ample      b) ratification         c) exposure     d) all        e) None

Directions: (4-5) choose the opposite meaning

Q4. Exhortation 

a) despair      b) pessimism       c) despondency   d) all        e) None

Q5. Enacted

a)revoke        b)void               c) invalidate          d) all        e) None

Direction (6-7): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark “No Error” as your answer.

Q6. The number of crucial bills have taken an inordinate time to be enacted due to disruption, while others were not enacted despite a broad consensus — such as the Women’s Reservation Bill — due to the behaviour of a few naysayers. 

a) numbers of               

b) The number of               

c) A number of 

d) number of               

e) None

Q7. Many sessions of Parliament in the recent past saw little business being done due to repeated disruption. 

a) Many sessions of             

b) Many a sessions of               

c) few sessions of 

d) sessions of             

e) None

Directions (8-10): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 8 to 10. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning. If none of the words given in options fits in, mark ‘None of these’ as your answer choice.

In this context, Vice President Venkaiah Naidu’s ………8….. to political parties to ……9…… a model code of conduct for their legislators in State Assemblies and in Parliament is welcome. He suggested that the code should include ………10……. on members not entering the well of the House, and desisting from sloganeering and unruly acts. If indeed parties adopt a code, it will go a long way in making parliamentary work meaningful. 

Q8.

a) indeed         b) integrate         c) exhortation       d) all       e) None

Q9.

a) swallow        b) incorporate       c) pressure          d) all       e) None

Q10.

a) absurd        b) stipulations        c) maelstrom        d) all       e) None

Directions (11-12): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or d) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.

Q11. Otherwise, the general public will(a)/ losing interest in the procedural aspects(b) of parliamentary democracy and (c)/limit their participation to just voting in the elections.(d)/(e/

a) a              b) b                 c) c                     d) d                   e) e

Q12. But the absence of disruption(a)/ alone does not make for meaningful debate(b)/ The current Budget session sailed (c)/through with minimal disruption(d)/(e)/ 

a) a              b) b                 c) c                     d) d                   e) e

Directions (13-15): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.

a) This does not augur well for lawmaking.  

b) By not sending a single Bill among the 28 that were introduced and passed to a standing or select committee for scrutiny.

c) The current session accentuated the trend that has minimised the importance of such committees over the last few years. 

d) Time spent on debates in the current session in both the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha was barely a third of the overall business. 

e) Unlike the 15th Lok Sabha (2009-2014), when 71% of the bills were referred to such committees, in the 16th Lok Sabha, they constituted only a fourth of the overall number of bills.

Q13. Which is the Second step after rearrangement?

a) A          b) B           c) C           d) D          e) E  

Q14. Which is the THIRD step after rearrangement?

a) A            b) B            c) C           d) D        e) E

Q15. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?

a) A        b) B        c) C         d) D           e) E

Directions (16-17): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are four options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. If none of the four words is your answer, choose option (e) as your answer choice.

Q16. These committees have in the past been useful in ………. discussion over laws with civil society and experts from various streams of the larger society. 

a) balloon           b) enlarge           c) expanding         d) All       e) None

Q17. He suggested that the code should include stipulations on members not entering the well of the House, and desisting from ……………and unruly acts.

a) passage         b) huge          c) sloganeering           d) All       e) None

Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.

Q18. According to passage why would general public will lose interest in the procedural aspects of parliamentary democracy?

a) Vice president Vankaiah Naidu’s suggestion that the code should include stipulations on members not entering the well of the House, and desisting from sloganeering and unruly acts.

b) Many sessions of Parliament in the recent past saw little business being done due to repeated disruption.

c) If indeed parties adopt a code, it will go a long way in making parliamentary work meaningful. 

d) Both A & C.

e) None of the above.

Q19. According to passage what lead in miniminsing the importance of selecting committee?

a) Committees have in the past been useful in expanding discussion over laws with civil society and experts from various streams of the larger society.         

b) Committees have also facilitated an enhanced cross-party coordination over several issues.         

c) Time spent on debates in the current session in both the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha was barely a third of the overall business.    d) Both A & B.       

e) None

Q20. Which of the following statements is/are true in context of the passage above?

(I) By not sending a single Bill among the 28 that were introduced and passed to a standing or select committee for scrutiny 

(II) Unlike the 15th Lok Sabha (2009-2014), when 71% of the bills were referred to such committees

(III) A number of crucial bills have taken an inordinate time to be enacted due to disruption

a) Only (III)   

b)  Both (I) and (II)     

c)  Both (II) and (III)     

d)  All are correct   

e)  None

Answers With Explanation

 

Ans.1, a it means a particular part or feature of something.

 

Ans.2, b it means laws, considered collectively.

 

Ans.3, a it means enough; adequate.

 

Ans.4, d Exhortation means an address or communication emphatically urging someone to do something. It means a loss of confidence or enthusiasm; dispiritedness.

 

Ans.5, d Enacted make (a bill or other proposal) law.

 

Ans.6, c The expression the number is followed by a singular verb while the expression a number is followed by a plural verb.

 

Examples: The number of people we need to hire is thirteen.

 

A number of people have written in about this subject.

 

Ans.7, a Many a is a somewhat archaic or poetic or literary way of saying many.

 

Many times I had seen her in my dreams.

Note that it takes a singular complement:

Many a time I had seen her in my dreams.

 

Ans.8, c it means an address or communication emphatically urging someone to do something

 

Ans.9, b it means take in or contain (something) as part of a whole; include.

 

Ans.10, b it means a condition or requirement that is specified or demanded as part of an agreement.

 

Ans.11, b losing will be replaced by lose.

 

Ans.12, e no error.

 

Ans.13, c is correct. Correct sequence is BCEDA.

 

Ans.14, e is correct.

 

Ans.15, d is correct.

 

Ans.16, d it means become or make larger or more extensive.

 

Ans.17, c it means employ or invent slogans, typically in a political context.

 

Ans.18, d according to passage d is correct.

 

Ans.19, d according to passage d is correct.

Ans.20, d according to passage d is correct.

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