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Everything From A Single Para | English Aptitude Test

These Questions Completely based on Single “Outlook” Editorial. The purpose to start this is to make you read the same paragraph again and again to understand the different types of questions like comprehension, cloze test, sentence arrangement, sentence improvement, vocab, antonyms, synonyms, fillers (all based on single paragraph) etc. Reading this paragraph while practicing these questions will help you understand. 


The Hindu: 16 August 2019

Words and deeds: On Modi’s I-Day vision

India needs Modi to infuse meaning to his I-Day vision with action on the ground

Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his Independence Day speech combined the familiar rhetoric with some fresh thoughts. He spoke at some length about the need for population control, water conservation and plastic use regulation indicating the importance that he attaches to these topics. Some policy measures, including the creation of a separate ministry, are already in place to deal with the crippling water crisis in India which gets worse every year. Indiscriminate plastic use along with the absence of effective solid waste management has already caused such ruin to the ecology that mitigatory measures are required on a war-footing. He also made the significant announcement of creating the position of Chief of Defence Staff, which could improve coordination among forces and restructure the military-civilian relations in a manner that suits the security challenges of the present times better. His call for people’s participation in all these and also for development of tourism and local enterprises was in the right spirit. The appeal to produce locally and consume locally may be out of line with globalist prescriptions of development but should be welcomed even if it sounds impractical. His first tenure between 2014 and 2019 focused on the needs of the people while the second one which began this year, he promised, would focus on meeting aspirations. Mr. Modi said his government has achieved in 70 days what previous governments could not in 70 years. He struck an optimistic note and said poverty can be eliminated, and shall be eliminated. As it enters the 73rd year as an independent nation, India needs hope and optimism, now more than at any moment in its recent past.

The triumphalist overtones of the speech, however, sought to camouflage the gathering clouds of a crisis in the economy on the one hand and the threats to the country’s social fabric on the other. Going by the trajectory the Indian economy has followed in the past, it could well be on the way to be a $5-trillion economy in the next five years. But he chose not to adequately address the current slump in rural and urban demand and investment slowdown. There was an attempt, however, to reassure entrepreneurs who were apprehensive of the recent burst of tax activism when he mentioned that wealth creators should not be demonised and he called upon businesses to invest. But while he touched on his decision to strip Jammu and Kashmir of its special constitutional status, J&K will need quietness and slow time to return to normalcy. There were elaborate mentions of unitary schemes — from the ‘one nation one tax’ that is already in place, to a ‘one nation, one poll’ plan that is in the making. Such overarching plans are central to his vision and the speech reflected that thinking. But if India is to be on a new course for the better, it needs more than grandstanding from the Red Fort. Deeds must follow words as noon follows dawn.

Directions (1-3) Choose the similar meaning

Q1. Rhetoric

(a)novel             (b)crackpot     (c)eloquence   (d)all        (e) None

Q2. Migratory

(a)palliate          (b)unrealistic    (c)oratory       (d)all        (e) None

Q3. Impractical

(a)unsuitable      (b)diction        (c)mollify         (d)all        (e) None

Directions: (4-5) choose the opposite meaning

Q4. Trajectory

(a)immense      (b)battery         (c)line       (d)score        (e) None

Q5. Elaborate 

(a)exacting      (b)elementary         (c)penny         (d)all        (e) None

Direction (6-7): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark “No Error” as your answer.

Q6. Going by the trajectory the Indian economy has followed in the past, it could well be on the way to be a $5-trillion economy in the next five years.

(a)the Indian economy has               

(b)the Indian economy               

(c)the Indian economy had 

(d)the Indian economy have               

(e) None

Q7. There was elaborate mentions of unitary schemes from the ‘one nation one tax’ that is already in place, to a ‘one nation, one poll’ plan that is in the making. 

(a)There was elaborate             

(b)There elaborate               

(c)There has elaborate 

(d)There were elaborate             

(e) None

Directions (8-10): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 8 to 10. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning. If none of the words given in options fits in, mark ‘None of these’ as your answer choice.

There was an attempt, however, to ………..8…….. entrepreneurs who were ………9……. of the recent burst of tax activism when he mentioned that wealth creators should not be ………10…….. and he called upon businesses to invest. But while he touched on his decision to strip Jammu and Kashmir of its special constitutional status, J&K will need quietness and slow time to return to normalcy. 

Q8. (a)daub         (b)speech           (c)reassure        (d) all       (e) None

Q9. (a)pleasant    (b)apprehensive  (c)anxious        (d) all     (e) None

Q10. (a)consume  (b)position        (c)demonized    (d) all       (e) None

Directions (11-12): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or d) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.

Q11. The triumphalist overtones(a)/ of the speech, however, sought to camouflage(b)/ the gathering clouds of a crisis in the economy on the(c)/ one hand and the threats to the country’s social fabric on the other(d)/(e)/

(a) a              (b) b                 (c) c                     (d) d                   (e) e

Q12. As it enters(a)/ the 73rd year as a independent nation(b)/ India needs hope and optimism(c)/ now more than at any moment in its recent past(d)/(e)/

(a) a              (b) b                 (c) c                     (d) d                   (e) e

Directions (13-15): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.

(a) Mr. Modi said his government has achieved in 70 days what previous governments could not in 70 years.  

(b) His first tenure between 2014 and 2019 focused on the needs of the people while the second one which began this year, he promised, would focus on meeting aspirations.

(c) He struck an optimistic note and said poverty can be eliminated, and shall be eliminated.     

(d) The appeal to produce locally and consume locally may be out of line with globalist prescriptions of development but should be welcomed even if it sounds impractical. 

(e) His call for people’s participation in all these and also for development of tourism and local enterprises was in the right spirit. 

Q13. Which is the Second step after rearrangement?

(a) A          (b) B           (c) C           (d) D          (e) E   

Q14. Which is the Third step after rearrangement?

(a) A            (b) B         (c) C           (d) D        (e) E

Q15. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?

(a) A           (b) B          (c) C           (d) D          (e) E

Directions (16-17): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are four options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. If none of the four words is your answer, choose option (e) as your answer choice.

Q16. Some policy measures, including the creation of a separate ministry, are already in place to deal with the ……….. water crisis in India which gets worse every year. 

(a)almost     (b)unable         (c)crippling                (d) All       (e) None

Q17. His call for people’s ………. in all these and also for development of tourism and local enterprises was in the right spirit.

(a)gag         (b)partial          (c)participation          (d) All       (e) None

Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.

Q18. According to passage Modi ji on what issues he most talk about? 

(a)population control         

(b)water conservation         

(c)plastic use regulation     

(d)All       

(e) None

Q19. According to passage Modi ji does not much speak about?

(a)current slump in rural       

(b) urban demand         

(c)both a & b         

(d)investment slowdown   

(e)all

Q20. Which of the following statements is/are true in context of the passage above?

(I)There were elaborate mentions of unitary schemes from the ‘one nation one tax  

(II) Indian economy will be $6-trillion economy in the next five years. 

(III)He also made the significant announcement of creating the position of Chief of Defense Staff

(a) Only (III)     

(b) Both (I) and (II)     

(c) Both (I) and (III)     

(d) All are incorrect   

(e) None

 

Answers With Explanation

 

Ans.1, c it means the art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing, especially the exploitation of figures of speech and other compositional techniques.

 

Ans.2, a it means make (something bad) less severe, serious, or painful.

 

Ans.3, a it means not adapted for use or action; not sensible or realistic.

 

Ans.4, c trajectory means the path followed by a projectile flying or an object

moving under the action of given forces. Line means a long, narrow mark or band.

Ans.5, a Elaborate means involving many carefully arranged parts or details; detailed and complicated in design and planning. Elementary means easily understood or done; presenting no difficulty.

 

Ans.6, a have

Have is used with some pronouns and plural nouns:

‘I have a great English teacher.’

‘You have toothpaste on your chin.’

has

Has is used with the third person singular. For example:

‘She has a great personality.’

‘He has a new haircut.’

 

Ans.7, d Was is used in the first person singular (I) and the third person singular (he, she, it).

Were is used in the second person singular and plural (you, your, yours) and first and third person plural (we, they).

If I was a better cook, I could entertain more.

If I were a better cook, I could entertain more.

 

Ans.8, c it means say or do something to remove the doubts or fears of (someone).

 

Ans.9, b it means anxious or fearful that something bad or unpleasant will happen.

 

Ans.10, c it means portray as wicked and threatening.

 

Ans.11, e no error.

 

Ans.12, b replace a with an, a and an are indefinite articles, which means that they don’t refer to anything definite or specific. If someone were to say, “Give me an apple,” you might be inclined to run out and pick one from the tree outside, or you may even run to the store and buy one. By using the word an, the speaker has let you know that he or she is looking for any apple rather than a specific one.

 

Ans.13, d is correct. EDBAC is correct sequence.

 

Ans.14, b is correct.

 

Ans.15, a is correct.

 

Ans.16, c it means causing a person to become unable to walk or move properly.

 

Ans.17, c it means the action of taking part in something.

 

Ans.18, d according to passage d is correct. 

 

Ans.19, e according to passage e is correct.

Ans.20, c according to passage c is correct.

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