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                                                                                                                 The Hindu: 28 June 2019

At the high table: on India’s non-permanent seat at UNSC

India must think big as it takes a step towards a non-permanent seat on the UNSC

By winning the unanimous endorsement of the 55-nation Asia-Pacific Group at the United Nations Security Council, India has cleared an important hurdle in its quest for a non-permanent seat for 2021-22. The decision of the grouping this week was taken as India was the sole candidate for the post. In the next step, all 193 members of the UN General Assembly will vote for five non-permanent seats in June 2020, when India will need to show the support of at least 129 countries to go through to the UNSC. It will then occupy the seat at the UNSC for a two-year period, as it has previously on seven occasions since 1950-51. There are several reasons why India decided to pursue its candidature for 2021-22. The government at the time had felt it was necessary to have India’s voice at the high table as many times as possible, and therefore began the process for another seat shortly after it had ended its previous tenure in 2011-2012. By rotation, that seat would have reached India only in the 2030s, and India had to reach out to Afghanistan, which had put in its bid already for the 2021-22 slot, to request it to withdraw. Afghanistan did so because of the special relationship between the two countries. India has a unique role to play at the UNSC, given the near-complete polarisation among the permanent members (P-5 nations), with the U.S., the U.K. and France on one side, and Russia and China on the other. India’s ability to work with both sides is well known. The year 2022 also has a sentimental value attached to it, as it marks the 75th year of India’s Independence, and a place at the UNSC would no doubt add to the planned celebrations that year. Since 2013, when it first announced the bid, the government has run a quiet but consistent campaign towards this goal.

It is significant that despite the poor state of bilateral relations with Pakistan, and the many challenges India has faced from China at the UN, both the countries graciously agreed to the nomination. From this point on, it is necessary for the government to think beyond the campaign for the UNSC, and work out a comprehensive strategy for what it plans to do with the seat. In the past, India has earned a reputation for ‘fence-sitting’ by abstaining on votes when it was required to take a considered stand on principle, and the seat will be a chance to undo that image. Given the twin challenges of a rising China, and the U.S. receding from its UN responsibilities, India must consider how it will strengthen the multilateral world order amid frequent unilateral moves by both the world powers. An even bigger challenge will be to nudge all five permanent members on the one issue they have unitedly resisted: towards the reform and expansion of the UNSC, which would include India’s claim to a permanent seat at the high table.

Directions (1-2): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or d) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.

Q1. From this point on, it is(a)/ necessary for the government to think beyond(b)/ the campaign for the UNSC, and work out a comprehensive(c) strategy for what it plans to do with the seat(d)/ (e)

  1. a) a              b) b                 c) c                     d) d                   e) e

Q2. For 2013(a), when it first announced the bid(b), the government has run a quiet(c) but consistent campaign towards this goal(d)/(e)/

  1. a) a              b) b                 c) c                     d) d                   e) e

Directions (3-5): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 3 to 5. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning. If none of the words given in options fits in, mark ‘None of these’ as your answer choice.

By winning the…..3….. endorsement of the 55-nation Asia-Pacific Group at the United Nations Security Council, India has cleared an important ……4….. in its quest for a non-permanent seat for 2021-22. The decision of the grouping this week was taken as India was the ….5….candidate for the post. In the next step, all 193 members of the UN General Assembly will vote for five non-permanent seats in June 2020, when India will need to show the support of at least 129 countries to go through to the UNSC.

Q3.  a) long lasted   b) buckle up    c) unanimous    d) all     e) None

Q4. a) hampered      b) hurdle        c) mammoth    d) all      e) None

Q5. a) sole               b) lonesome    c) lonely           d) all     e) None

Directions (6-8): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.

  1. a) From this point on, it is necessary for the government to think beyond the campaign for the UNSC, and work out a comprehensive strategy for what it plans to do with the seat.
  1. b)In the past, India has earned a reputation for ‘fence-sitting’ by abstaining on votes when it was required to take a considered stand on principle, and the seat will be a chance to undo that image.
  1. c)Given the twin challenges of a rising China, and the U.S. receding from its UN responsibilities, India must consider how it will strengthen the multilateral world order amid frequent unilateral moves by both the world powers.
  1. d)It is significant that despite the poor state of bilateral relations with Pakistan, and the many challenges India has faced from China at the UN, both the countries graciously agreed to the nomination.   

 Q6. Which is the Second step after rearrangement?

  1. a) A          b) B           c) C           d) D          e) E

Q7. Which is the THIRD step after rearrangement?

  1. a) A            b) B             c) C           d) D            e) E

Q8. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?

  1. a) A            b) B              c) C             d) D            e) E

Directions (9-10): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are four options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. If none of the four words is your answer, choose option (e) as your answer choice.

Q9. An even bigger challenge will be to …….. all five permanent members on the one issue they have unitedly resisted.

a)poke               b)dig          c)nudge     d) All    e) None

Q10. In the past, India has earned a reputation for ‘fence-sitting’ by ……… on votes when it was required to take a considered stand on principle, and the seat will be a chance to undo that image.

  1. a) abstaining    b)listless     c)clumsy     d) All    e) None

Direction (11-12): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark “No Error” as your answer.

Q11. By rotation, that seat would reached India only in the 2030s, and India had to reach out to Afghanistan, which had put in its bid already for the 2021-22 slot, to request it to withdraw.

a) that seat would have reached  

b)that seat would reached       

c)that seat will have reached

d)that seat would be reached             

e) None

Q12.  India has an unique role to play at the UNSC, given the near-complete polarisation among the permanent members (P-5 nations), with the U.S., the U.K. and France on one side, and Russia and China on the other.

a)India has an unique role to  

b)India has unique role to       

c)India has the unique role to

d)India has a unique role to             

e) None

Directions (13-15) choose the similar meaning

 Q13. Unanimous

  1. a) concordant      b)colossal       c) complied        d)All        e) None

Q14. Endorsement

a)opposition         b) advocacy     c) legacy           d)All        e) None

Q15. Polarisation

  1. a) emission         b) broadcast    c)dispersion       d)All       e) None

Directions: (16-17) choose the opposite meaning

Q16. Graciously

  1. a) Amiably        b)gracefully    c)cordially    d)rudely          e) None

Q17. Unilateral

  1. a) one-sided      b)partial       c)single       d)mutual          e) None

Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.

Q18. According to passage 193 members of the UN General Assembly will vote for how many non-permanent seats in June 2020?

a)five    

b)129 countries  

c) seven        

d) all countries  

e) None

Q19.Which of the following statements is/are true in context of the passage above?

(I) India has a unique role to play at the UNSC

(II) In 2021 will complete 75 year of independence

(III) India has earned a reputation for ‘fence-sitting’ by appreciating on votes

a) Only (I)    

b) Both (I) and (II)     

c) Both (II) and (III)     

d) All are incorrect  

e) None

Q20. P-5 nations include which countries?

  1. a) U.S., U.K. and France    
  2. b) U.S.,U.K.,France, Russia and China   
  3. c) France & China  
  4. d)U.S.,U.K.,France, Russia, China & Afghanistan   
  5. e) None

Answers With Explanation

 

Ans.1, e no error.

Ans.2, aIn English, we use the preposition for to talk about an amount of time or space. The amount of time could be seconds, minutes, hours, days, months or even years.In English, we use since to refer to a point of time. Since can refer to a point after a specific time or event in the past.

Ans.3, c it means (of two or more people) fully in agreement Or (of an opinion, decision, or vote) held or carried by everyone involved.

Ans.4, b it means a problem or difficulty that must be overcome.

Ans.5, a it means being one only; single.

Ans.6, a is correct.DABC

Ans.7, b is correct.

Ans.8, c is correct

Ans.9, c it means prod (someone) gently with one’s elbow in order to attract attention.

Ans.10, a it means restrain oneself from doing or enjoying something.

Ans.11, a The simple past just tells what happened. Past modals tell what could have, would have, and should have happened.

Ans.12, d The choice between a and an is governed not by whether the next written letter is a consonant or vowel but by whether the next word begins with the sound of a vowel or consonant. Unique begins with a “y” sound, hence a unique is correct.

Ans.13, a it means (of two or more people) fully in agreement Or (of an opinion, decision, or vote) held or carried by everyone involved.

Ans. 14, b it means the action of endorsing someone or something.

Ans.15, d it means division into two sharply contrasting groups or sets of opinions or beliefs.

Ans.16, d graciously means in a courteous, kind, and pleasant manner. rudely means in an offensive or bad-mannered way.

Ans.17, d unilateral means (of an action or decision) performed by or affecting only one person, group, or country involved in a situation, without the agreement of another or the others.

Ans.18, a according to passage five is right.

Ans.19, a is correct.

Ans.20, b according to passage b is correct.

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