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The Mint Opinion

These Questions Completely based on Single “The Hindu” Editorial. The purpose to start this is to make you read the same paragraph again and again to understand the different types of questions like comprehension, cloze test, sentence arrangement, sentence improvement, vocab, antonyms, synonyms, fillers (all based on single paragraph) etc. reading this paragraph while practicing these questions will help you understand “The Hindu” Editorial Deeply which will help you in Every exam.

The Hindu: 01 August 2019

Beyond talaq: On Muslim divorce bill

India needs a non-sectarian, gender-neutral law that addresses desertion of spouses

Both Houses of Parliament have passed a Bill making instant triple talaq a criminal offence, amidst persistent doubts whether it ought to be treated as a crime or just a civil case. It is true that the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2019, is a diluted version of the Bill as it was originally conceived. Earlier, it did not specify who could set the law in motion. Now the offence is cognisable only if the affected wife, or one related to her by blood or marriage, files a police complaint. A man arrested under this law may get bail, after the Magistrate grants a hearing to the wife. Thirdly, the offence is compoundable, that is, the parties may arrive at a compromise. The government says its main objective is to give effect to the Supreme Court’s 2017 verdict declaring instant triple talaq illegal. It claims that despite the court ruling, several instances have been reported. Making it an offence, the government says, will deter further resort to triple talaq, and provide redress for women in the form of a subsistence allowance and custody of children, besides getting the erring husband arrested. However, the core question regarding the necessity to criminalise the practice of talaq-e-biddat has not been convincingly answered.

In the light of the Supreme Court ruling on its validity, there is really no need to declare instant triple talaq a criminal offence. The practice has no approval in Islamic tenets, and is indeed considered abhorrent. Secondly, once it has been declared illegal, pronouncing talaq obviously does not have the effect of “instantaneous and irrevocable divorce” as this Bill claims in its definition of ‘talaq’. The provisions that allow a woman to claim a subsistence allowance from the man and seek custody of her children can be implemented in the event of the husband abandoning her, even without the man’s arrest. If triple talaq, in any form, is void, how the questions of children’s custody and subsistence allowance arise while the marriage subsists, is not clear. And then, there is the practical question of how a man can provide a subsistence allowance while he is imprisoned. It has been argued by the Bill’s proponents that dowry harassment and cruelty towards wives are treated as criminal offences even while the marriage subsists. It is a patently wrong comparison, as those acts involve violence and cruelty and are rightly treated as criminal offences. The same cannot be said of a man invoking a prohibited form of divorce. The BJP projects the passage of the Bill as a historic milestone in the quest for gender justice.  Such a claim will be valid only if there is a non-sectarian law that addresses abandonment and desertion of spouses as a common problem instead of focusing on a practice, which is no more legally valid, among Muslims.

Directions (1-3): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 1 to 3. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning. If none of the words given in options fits in, mark ‘None of these’ as your answer choice.

Making it an ……..1…….., the government says, will deter further resort to triple talaq, and provide …….2….. for women in the form of a subsistence allowance and custody of children, besides getting the erring husband arrested. However, the core question regarding the necessity to criminalise the practice of talaq-e-biddat has not been ………3…….. answered.

Q1. a) deceit         b)eschew        c)offence       d) all        e) None

Q2. a)redress        b) shun          c)deceit         d) all        e) None

Q3. a)convincingly  b)gloomy       c)divulge        d) all        e) None

Directions (4-6) Choose the similar meaning

Q4. Abhorrent

a)odious      b)awful         c)horrible     d)all             e) None

Q5. Abandon

a)earnest     b)forsake       c)dwarf       d)nap            e) None

Q6. Proponent

a)vendor      b)adherent     c)lavish       d)prodigious   e) None

Directions: (7-8) choose the opposite meaning

Q7. Invoke

a)waive      b)proximity       c)pile           d)flip            e) None

Q8. Cognisable

a)soothe     b)unknown      c)pagan        d)lupine        e) None

Direction (9-10): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark “No Error” as your answer.

Q9.  Now the offence is cognisable only if the affected wife, or one related to her by blood or marriage, files a police complaint. 

  1. a) only if the        b)only for the               c) only to the   d) only the            e) None

Q10. It claims that despite of the court ruling, several instances have been reported.

a)although the       b) despite of the           c)despite the    d)in-spite of the     e) None

Directions (11-12): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are four options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. If none of the four words is your answer, choose option (e) as your answer choice.

Q11. In the light of the Supreme Court ruling on its validity, there is really no need to declare……….triple talaq a criminal offence.  

a)prompt        b)sudden        c) instant         d) All        e) None

Q12. The provisions that allow a woman to claim a ……….allowance from the man and seek custody of her children can be implemented in the event of the husband abandoning her, even without the man’s arrest. 

  1. a) cannibal    b) porcine       c)subsistence    d) All        e) None

Directions (13-15): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.

  1. a)It is a patently wrong comparison, as those acts involve violence and cruelty and are rightly treated as criminal offences.      
  2. b)And then, there is the practical question of how a man can provide a subsistence allowance while he is imprisoned. 
  3. c)It has been argued by the Bill’s proponents that dowry harassment and cruelty towards wives are treated as criminal offences even while the marriage subsists.
  4. d)If triple talaq, in any form, is void, how the questions of children’s custody and subsistence allowance arise while the marriage subsists, is not clear.  
  5. e)The provisions that allow a woman to claim a subsistence allowance from the man and seek custody of her children can be implemented in the event of the husband abandoning her, even without the man’s arrest.

Q13. Which is the Second step after rearrangement?   

  1. a) A          b) B           c) C           d) D          e) E

Q14. Which is the ‏First step after rearrangement?

  1. a) A          b) B            c) C           d) D         e) E

Q15. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?

  1. a) A          b) B            c) C            d) D         e) E

Directions (16-17): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or d) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.

Q16.  Now the offence is cognisable(a)/ only the affected wife(b)/ or one related to her by blood or(c)/ marriage, files a police complaint(d)/(e)/

  1. a) a              b) b                 c) c                     d) d                   e) e

Q17.  It have been argued by the(a)/ Bill’s proponents that dowry harassment(b)/ and cruelty towards wives are treated (c)/as criminal offences even while the marriage subsists(d)/(e)/

  1. a) a              b) b                 c) c                     d) d                   e) e

Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.

Q18. According to passage why BJP is considering this act as a historic act ?

a)Gender justice       

b)Act of Women safety    

c)abandonment and desertion of spouses         

d)All   

e) None

Q19. According to passage when offence is cognizable?

a)affected wife file complaint     

b)one related to wife’s blood   

c)anyone who is related to husband         

d)All   

e) both a & b

Q20. Which of the following statements is/are true in context of the passage above?

(I) A man arrested under this law may not get bail 

(II) those acts involve violence and cruelty and are rightly treated as criminal offences.

(III) Only one house passed this bill as a triple talak

  1. a) Only (II)     
  2. b) Both (I) and (II)     
  3. c) Both (II) and (III)     
  4. d) All are incorrect   
  5. e) None

 

Answers With Explanation

 

 

Ans.1, c it means a breach of a law or rule; an illegal act.

Ans.2, a it means remedy or set right (an undesirable or unfair situation).

Ans.3, a it means cause (someone) to believe firmly in the truth of something.

Ans.4, d it means inspiring disgust and loathing; repugnant.

Ans.5, b it means having been deserted or left.

Ans.6, b it means a person who advocates a theory, proposal, or course of action.

Ans.7, a Invoke means call on (a deity or spirit) in prayer, as a witness, or for inspiration. Waive means refrain from insisting on or using (a right or claim).

Ans.8, b cognisable means perceptible; clearly identifiable. Unknown means not known or familiar.

Ans.9, a Only if’ means ‘only one condition happens”. This form basically means the same as ‘if’. The main emphasis is on the result.

Ans.10, c remove of after despite In spite of / despite

After in spite of and despite we use a noun or a pronoun.

We enjoyed our camping holiday in spite of the rain.

Despite the pain in his leg he completed the marathon.

Ans.11, d it means happening or coming immediately.

Ans.12, c it means the action or fact of maintaining or supporting oneself, especially at a minimal level.

Ans.13, d is correct. EDBCA is correct sequence.

Ans.14, e is correct.

Ans.15, c is correct.

Ans.16, b Put if after only. ‘Only if’ means ‘only one condition happens”. This form basically means the same as ‘if’. The main emphasis is on the result.

You can go out only if you do your homework.

Here, there is just a condition of doing homework. Then, he can go out. If he doesn’t do his homework, he cannot go out.

Ans.17, a Has been” and “have been” are both in the present perfect tense. “Has been” is used in the third-person singular and “have been” is used for first- and second-person singular and all plural uses. The present perfect tense refers to an action that began at some time in the past and is still in progress. 

For example, if I started studying art when I was 13 years old and I am still studying art, I would say “I have been studying art since I was 13 years old.”

Ans.18, a according to passage a is correct.

Ans.19, e according to passage e is correct.

Ans.20, a according to passage a is correct.

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