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These Questions Completely based on Single “The Hindu” Editorial. The purpose to start this is to make you read the same paragraph again and again to understand the different types of questions like comprehension, cloze test, sentence arrangement, sentence improvement, vocab, antonyms, synonyms, fillers (all based on single paragraph) etc. reading this paragraph while practicing these questions will help you understand “The Hindu” Editorial Deeply which will help you in Every exam.

The Hindu: 06 August 2019

Scrapping J&K’s special status is the wrong way to an end

The special status of J&K was never meant to be permanent, but it should not have been scrapped without wider consultations

Jammu and Kashmir has been a theatre of muscular Hindutva nationalism, in the early decades in script and since 2014 in performance. Adopting a highly militarist approach to separatism, and shunning political process entirely since 2014, the BJP has now delivered on a promise it has long made, by abrogating the special status that Jammu and Kashmir had enjoyed in the Constitution through a combination of executive and parliamentary measures. Additionally, the State is being downgraded and divided into two Union Territories. The mechanism that the government used to railroad its rigid ideological position on Jammu and Kashmir through the Rajya Sabha was both hasty and stealthy. This move will strain India’s social fabric not only in its impact on Jammu and Kashmir but also in the portents it holds for federalism, parliamentary democracy and diversity. The BJP-led government has undermined parliamentary authority in multiple ways since 2014, but the passing of legislation as far-reaching as dismembering a State without prior consultations has set a new low. The founding fathers of the Republic favoured a strong Centre, but they were also prudent in seeking the route of persuasion and accommodation towards linguistic and religious minorities in the interest of national integration. The centralising tendencies increased in the following decades, but Hindu nationalists always argued for stronger unitary provisions and viewed all particular aspirations with suspicion. For them, Jammu and Kashmir’s special constitutional status was an impediment, not an instrument, for the region’s integration with the rest of the country.

The entire exercise of getting Article 370 of the Constitution effectively abrogated has been marked by executive excess. The first step was to declare by a presidential decree that the ‘Governor’ — without regard to the fact that he has no Council of Ministers now to aid and advise him — can speak for the State government and give his concurrence to any modification in the way the Constitution of India applies to Jammu and Kashmir. Second, on the basis of this ‘concurrence’the latest Presidential Order scraps the previous one of 1954, abrogating the separate Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir. Third, the fact that the State is under President’s Rule has been used to usher in a new dispensation under which Jammu and Kashmir becomes a Union Territory with a legislature and Ladakh another such territory without a legislature. In sum, a purported process to change the constitutional status of a sensitive border State has been achieved without any legislative input or representative contribution from its people. The bifurcation of States in the past cannot be cited as a binding precedent as, under Article 3 of the Constitution, the President seeks the views of the legislature of the States concerned, even if concurrence is not mandatory. In the present scenario, J&K has been represented by an unelected Governor appointed by the Centre, while Parliament has ventured to ratify the conversion of a State into two Union Territories without any recommendation from the State.

If there is a legal challenge to these measures, it would centre around whether such far-reaching steps could be achieved in the absence of a representative government by assuming that its gubernatorial administrator is constitutionally capable of using his consent as that of the entire State. Further, there is a self-enabling aspect to the Presidential Order. It performs a hop-step-and-jump feat. It hops over the requirement of the State government’s consent by declaring that the Governor is the State government. It steps over the need for aidcy and advice by the ministerial council by saying the Governor’s opinion is enough. And it jumps over the fact that there is no constituent assembly now by merely reading the term as ‘legislative assembly’, and letting Parliament perform the role of the State legislature. Thus the President’s power under Article 370 has been used both to create an enabling provision and to exercise it immediately to modify the Order, thereby dispensing with the role envisaged for the State Assembly. While it is true that in 1961 the Supreme Court upheld the President’s power to ‘modify’ the constitutional provisions in applying them to J&K, it is a moot question whether this can be invoked to make such a radical change: a functioning State has now been downgraded and bifurcated into two Union Territories. It is inconceivable that any State legislature would ever have recommended its own demotion in status.

True, the special status of J&K was meant to end, but only with the concurrence of its people. The Centre’s abrupt move disenfranchised them on a matter that directly affected their life and sentiments. Moreover, that this was done after a massive military build-up and the house arrest of senior political leaders, and the communications shutdown reveals a cynical disregard of democratic norms. It appears that the current government values J&K for its demonstrative impact before the rest of the country, as a place where a strong nation and its strong leader show uncompromising political will. But that may have other unintended consequences. Geographically and metaphorically, Jammu and Kashmir is the crown of secular India — a Muslim majority region in a Hindu majority country. Its people and leaders had chosen secular India over Islamic Pakistan, a fact that Islamists never reconciled with. The BJP’s adventurous route also has as backdrop an impending U.S. withdrawal from Afghanistan that will trigger an unforeseeable churn in Islamist politics in the region. Islamists have always viewed Kashmir as a component of their global grievances. Whatever its intent in enabling the full integration of Jammu and Kashmir with India, Monday’s decision to alter the State’s status could have unintended and dangerous consequences.

Directions (1-3) Choose the similar meaning

Q1. Abrogating 

a)condemn      b) agent        c) executive     d) countermand       e) None

Q2. Stealthy

a)reproof        b)sneaky        c)nullify           d)rule                   e) None

Q3. Gubernatorial

a)administrative   b)void         c)opprobrium     d)all        e) None

Directions: (4-5) choose the opposite meaning

Q4. Dispensation 

a)demurral                b)injunction          c)hoi polli              d)all         e) None

Q5. Concurrence 

a)disapprobation        b)scrape               c)rambustion         d)all         e) None

Direction (6-7): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark “No Error” as your answer.

Q6. It hops on the requirement of the State government’s consent by declaring that the Governor is the State government. 

  1. a) hops on the       
  2. b)hops over the               
  3. c) hops across the
  4. d) hopped the           
  5. e) None

Q7. Moreover, that this was done after a massive military build-up and the house arrest of senior political leaders, and the communications shutdown reveals a cynical disregard of democratic norms.

a)was after       

b) was doing after             

c)was done after 

d)was did after           

e) None

Directions (8-10): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 8 to 10. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning. If none of the words given in options fits in, mark ‘None of these’ as your answer choice.

It appears that the current government values J&K for its ……..8…… impact before the rest of the country, as a place where a strong nation and its strong leader show uncompromising political will. But that may have other ………9…….. consequences. Geographically and metaphorically, Jammu and Kashmir is the crown of secular India — a Muslim majority region in a Hindu majority country. Its people and leaders had chosen secular India over Islamic Pakistan, a fact that Islamists never ………10……. with.

Q8. a)indicatory         b) gauge              c)demonstrative     d) all        e) None

Q9.  a)mark              b)unintended         c)indicatory          d) all         e) None

Q10. a)gauge             b)expository         c)reconciled          d) all         e) None

Directions (11-12): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or d) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.

Q11. And it jumps over the fact that(a)/ there is no constituent assembly now by(b)/ merely reading the term as ‘legislative assembly(c)/ and letting Parliament perform the role of the State legislature(d)/(e)/ 

  1. a) a              b) b                 c) c                     d) d                   e) e

Q12. The bifurcation of States in the past(a)/ cannot be cited as binding precedent as, under Article 3(b)/ of the Constitution, the President seeks the views of the(c)/ legislature of the States concerned, even if concurrence is not mandatory(d)/(e)/

  1. a) a              b) b                 c) c                     d) d                   e) e

Directions (13-15): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.

  1. a)The founding fathers of the Republic favoured a strong Centre, but they were also prudent in seeking the route of persuasion and accommodation towards linguistic and religious minorities in the interest of national integration.  
  2. b)This move will strain India’s social fabric not only in its impact on Jammu and Kashmir but also in the portents it holds for federalism, parliamentary democracy and diversity. 
  3. c)The mechanism that the government used to railroad its rigid ideological position on Jammu and Kashmir through the Rajya Sabha was both hasty and stealthy. 
  4. d)The BJP-led government has undermined parliamentary authority in multiple ways since 2014, but the passing of legislation as far-reaching as dismembering a State without prior consultations has set a new low. 
  5. e)The centralising tendencies increased in the following decades, but Hindu nationalists always argued for stronger unitary provisions and viewed all particular aspirations with suspicion.

Q13. Which is the Second step after rearrangement?

  1. a) A          b) B           c) C             d) D          e) E  

Q14. Which is the Last step after rearrangement?

  1. a) A          b) B            c) C             d) D        e) E

Q15. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?

  1. a) A          b) B            c) C             d) D        e) E

Directions (16-17): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are four options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. If none of the four words is your answer, choose option (e) as your answer choice.

Q16. The Centre’s abrupt move ……….. them on a matter that directly affected their life and sentiments. 

a)mandatory       

b)dispensing         

c)disenfranchised       

d) All       

e) None

Q17. Geographically and …………., Jammu and Kashmir is the crown of secular India — a Muslim majority region in a Hindu majority country. 

a)precedent       

b)metaphorically         

c)bifurcation       

d) All       

e) None

Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.

Q18. According to passage what you understand with article 35 a?

a)imply that the State’s separate Constitution stands abrogated     

b)issued by the President of India   

c)acquisition of immovable property in the State         

d)All   

e) None

Q19. According to passage what is the meaning of hop-step-and-jump feat?

  1. a) an older term for triple jump     
  2. b)a short distance   
  3. c)to own up to the responsibility         
  4. d) both a & b  e) None

Q20. Which of the following statements is/are true in context of the passage above?

(I) The special status of J&K was meant to end, but only with the concurrence of its people

(II) the BJP has not delivered on a promise it has long made

(III) Geographically and metaphorically, Jammu and Kashmir is the crown of secular India

  1. a) Only (III)     
  2. b) Both (I) and (II)     
  3. c) Both (I) and (III)     
  4. d) All are incorrect   
  5. e) None

Answers With Explanation

 

 

 

Ans.1, d it means repeal or do away with (a law, right, or formal agreement).

 

Ans.2, b it means behaving or done in a cautious and surreptitious manner, so as not to be seen or heard. 

 

Ans.3, a it means relating to a governor, particularly that of a state in the US.

 

Ans.4, b Dispensation means exemption from a rule or usual requirement. Injunction means an authoritative warning or order.

 

Ans.5, a Concurrence means the fact of two or more events or circumstances happening or existing at the same time. disapprobation means strong disapproval, typically on moral grounds.

 

Ans.6, b hope over means to go somewhere quickly or to get into or out of a vehicle quickly.

Hop on means to jump on one foot or to move about in this way:

Hop across means If a small animal, bird, or insect hops, it moves by jumping on all or two of its feet at the same time.

Ex: The rabbit/bird hopped across the grass

 

Ans.7, c it is correct.

 

Ans.8, c it means (of a person) unrestrained in showing feelings, especially those of affection.

 

Ans.9, b it means not planned or meant.

 

Ans.10, c it means restore friendly relations between.

 

Ans.11, e no error.

 

Ans.12, b use a before binding,  The indefinite article indicates that a noun refers to a general idea rather than a particular thing. For example, you might ask your friend, “Should I bring a gift to the party?” Your friend will understand that you are not asking about a specific type of gift or a specific item. 

 

Ex: Please hand me a book; any book will do.

 

Ans.13, b is correct. Because correct sequence is CBDAE.

 

Ans.14, e is correct.

 

Ans.15, a is correct.

 

Ans.16, c it means deprive (someone) of the right to vote.

 

Ans.17, b it means in a way that uses or relates to metaphor; figuratively.

 

Ans.18, d according to passage d is correct.

 

Ans.19, d according to passage d is correct.

 

Ans.20, c according to passage c is correct.

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