Most Important Current Affairs of the Day- 21.11.2019

दिन के सबसे महत्वपूर्ण करंट अफेयर्स- 12.12.2019

Most Important Current Affairs of the Day- 21.11.2019

1. Microsoft CEO Nadella tops Fortune’s Businessperson of the Year 2019 list

  • Microsoft’s India-born CEO Satya Nadella has grabbed the top spot in Fortune’s “Businessperson of the Year 2019” list.
  • Other Indian-origin CEOs in the Top 20 list are Mastercard CEO Ajay Banga (8th spot) and Santa Clara, California-based computer networking company Arista’s head Jayshree Ullal (18th position).
  • Nadella took over as Microsoft CEO from Steve Ballmer in 2014.

    Fortune’s Businessperson of the Year 2019 List:

    1. Satya Nadella (CEO, Mircrosoft)
    2. Elizabeth Gaines (CEO, Fortescue Metals Group)
    3. Brian Niccol (CEO, Chipotle Mexican Grill)
    4. Margaret Keane (CEO, Synchrony Financial)
    5. Bjørn Gulden (CEO, Puma)
    6. Tricia Griffith (CEO, Progressive)
    7. Fabrizio Freda (CEO, Estée Lauder)
    8. Ajay Banga (CEO, Mastercard)
    9. W. Craig Jelineck (CEO, Costco)
    10. Jamie Dimon (CEO, JPMorgan Chase)
    11. Daniel Schulman (CEO, PayPal)
    12. Tom Linebarger (CEO, Cummins)
    13. Robert Greenberg (CEO, Skechers)
    14. Joey Wat ( CEO, Yum China)
    15. Julie Sweet (CEO, Accenture)
    16. Daniel Zhang (CEO, Alibaba)
    17. Strauss Zelnick (CEO, Take-Two Interactive)
    18. Jayshree Ullal (CEO, Arista)
    19. Gary Guthart (CEO, Intuitive Surgical)
    20. Chen Lin (President, Wuliangye Yibin)
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. Who has occupied the top spot in Fortune’s Businessperson of the Year 2019 list? Satya Nadella
    2. How many Indian-origin people are included in the list of Fortune’s Businesspersons of the Year 2019? 3

2. Manu Bhaker bags gold medal in ISSF World Cup Finals

  • 17-year-old Indian shooter, Manu Bhaker, made history as she bagged a gold medal in Women’s 10m Air Pistol event at the ISSF World Cup.
  • In the process, she also bagged a junior world record score of 244.7.
  • It was also India’s first gold this year at the shooting world cup.
  • Yashaswini Deswal was also competing in the same event and finished 6th in the final round.
  • Manu is now the second Indian after Heena Sidhu to win a gold medal at the ISSF World Cup final.
  • Serbia’s Zorana Arunovic, meanwhile, came second on the podium with a score of 241.9, while Quian Wang of China bagged the third spot with a score of 221.8.
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. Which Indian shooter has bagged a gold medal in Women’s 10m Air Pistol event at the ISSF World Cup? Manu Bhaker
    2. Who became the second Indian shooter after Heena Sidhu to win a gold medal Women’s 10m Air Pistol at the ISS World Cup? Manu Bhaker

3. Prithvi-2 Missile Successfully Testfired off Odisha Coast at Night

  • India successfully testfired the indigenously developed nuclear capable Prithvi-2 missile at night as part of a user trial by the Army from a test range off Odisha coast.
  • The trial of the surface-to-surface missile with a strike range of 350 km was carried out from a mobile launcher from launch complex-3 of the ITR between 7 pm to 7.15 pm.
  • It is capable of carrying 500 to 1,000 kg of warheads and is powered by liquid propulsion twin engines.
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. Recently India has successfully testfired the Nuclear-capable Prithvi-II Missile at night with a strike range of: 350 km

4. Union cabinet approves establishment of National Institute of Sowa Rigpa in Leh

  • The Union Cabinet has approved setting up of the National Institute for Sowa-Rigpa (NISR) in Leh as an autonomous organization.
  • Sowa-Rigpa is a traditional Tibetan system of medicine practised in the Himalayan belt of India.
  • It is popular in Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, West Bengal’s Darjeeling, Himachal Pradesh and the Union Territory of Ladakh.
  • This is perhaps one of the first decisions taken by the Union Cabinet on Ladakh’s development after it became a Union
  • Territory on October 31 following the bifurcation of Jammu and Kashmir.

    Approvals given:

    • The cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, approved the establishment of the NISR as autonomous body under the Ministry of AYUSH at an estimated cost of Rs 47.25 crore.
    • It also approved creation of the post of director in Level-14 to oversee implementation of the project from the construction stage itself.

    Objective of NISR:

    • Setting up of NISR would provide an impetus to the revival of Sowa-Rigpa in the Indian sub-continent and provide opportunities for students of the traditional medicinal system, not only in India but also from other countries.
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. Recently Union Cabinet has approved the establishment of National Institute for Sowa-Rigpa (NISR) as an autonomous organization in which city? Leh
    2. Recently under which ministry, the Cabinet has approved the formation of National Institute for Sowa-Rigpa (NISR) as an autonomous organization in Leh? Ministry of AYUSH
    3. Sowa-Rigpa is a traditional Tibetan system of ___ practiced in the Himalayan belt of India. medicine

5. President’s Colour Awarded to Indian Naval Academy

  • Shri Ram Nath Kovind, the Hon’ble President of India and the Supreme Commander of Indian Armed Forces, awarded the President’s Colour to Indian Naval Academy (INA) on 20 November 2019.
  • The President’s Colour – the highest honour that is bestowed upon a military unit – was received by Academy Cadet Captain Sushil Singh on behalf of the INA in an impressive parade comprising 730 cadets of INA and a 150 – men Guard of Honour.
  • A special postal cover was also released by the Hon’ble President to commemorate the occasion.
  • Award of the President’s Colour to Indian Naval Academy is a recognition of the yeoman service rendered by the institution in shaping the leadership of the Navy by training naval officers over the last fifty years at three different locations – Kochi, Goa and Ezhimala.
  • Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. Which military unit of India has been awarded the ‘President’s Colour’ recently? Indian Naval Academy

6. Bolo app to help Assam students improve reading skills

  • The Assam government has installed a voice-based app on the mobile phones of over 100 teachers in southern Hailakandi district to enable them to assist students in improving their reading skills.
  • ‘Bolo App’ is designed to encourage students to read aloud, giving them feedback even when it is offline, said Additional Deputy Commissioner (in-charge education), R K Dam.
  • Bolo App is a Voice-based app that is developed to guide and help school kids read and learn anywhere. The app is specifically designed for primary and upper primary grade students. The App encourages students to read aloud and also gives important feedback that eventually improve their reading skills.

    About Assam:

    • Capital: Dispur
    • Governor: Jagdish Mukhi
    • Chief Minister: Sarbananda Sonowal
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. Which state goverment has recently installed ‘Bolo App’ on the mobile phones of over 100 teachers to enable them to assist students in improving their reading skills? Assam
    2. Bolo App, which is in news recently, is specifically designed for: students

7. Kamal Haasan gets honorary doctorate for his contribution to cinema

  • Actor-turned-politician Kamal Haasan was conferred an honorary doctorate by Odisha’s Centurion University of Technology and Management for his contribution to cinema.
  • Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik presented the doctorate degree (honoris causa) to Haasan at a special function.
  • “Haasan is a legend who has served the nation throughout his life through art, cinema and humanitarian works. He has made many new experiments in cinema. His silent movie ‘Pushpak’ has been hailed as an all time great in the world of cinema
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. Which veteran actor has recently been conferred with an honorary doctorate by Odisha’s Centurion University for his contribution to cinema? Kamal Haasan

8. Oxford Dictionaries declares ‘climate emergency’ as word of 2019

  • Oxford Dictionaries has declared “climate emergency” as the ‘Word of the Year 2019’.
  • Usage of the phrase increased steeply over the course of 2019 and by September it was more than 100 times as common as it had been the previous year, it said.
  • According to the dictionary’s data, usage of “climate emergency” soared 10,796%
  • In 2019, “climate” became the most common word associated with “emergency”, three times more than “health emergency” in second.
  • Hundreds of cities, towns and even countries have also declared “climate emergencies” during 2019 – from Scotland in April, the UK parliament in May, Canada, France and the city of Sydney in Australia.
  • “Climate emergency” beat the words “climate crisis”, “climate action”, “climate denial”, “extinction”, “flight shame”, “global heating” and “plant-based”, which were on the shortlist.
  • The dictionary’s word of the year is chosen to “reflect the ethos, mood, or preoccupations of the passing year” and should have “lasting potential as a term of cultural significance”.
  • Previous choices for word of the year include “toxic” in 2018 and “youthquake” in 2017.
    Important Possible questions based on above News:
    1. Which word has recently been declared ‘Word of the Year 2019’ by Oxford Dictionaries? “climate emergency”

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