Everything From A Single Para | Verbal Aptitude Test | English Aptitude Test

The Mint Opinion

These Questions Completely based on Single “The Hindu” Editorial. The purpose to start this is to make you read the same paragraph again and again to understand the different types of questions like comprehension, cloze test, sentence arrangement, sentence improvement, vocab, antonyms, synonyms, fillers (all based on single paragraph) etc. reading this paragraph while practicing these questions will help you understand “The Hindu” Editorial Deeply which will help you in Every exam.


The Hindu: 07 August 2019

Open obsession: on U.S. mass shootings

An ingrained gun culture and patchy regulations set off hate crimes in the U.S.

Two American cities, El Paso, Texas, and Dayton, Ohio, more than 2,500 kilometres apart, witnessed lethal shootings resulting in mass fatalities over the past weekend, with at least 31 people dead, many injured, and a nation in shock. The El Paso attack, which bore tell-tale signs of a hate crime, was the deadliest mass shooting in the United States since November 2017 and brings to 32 the tally of shootings there in 2019 that had at least three victims. In his reaction to the shootings, U.S. President Donald Trump appeared to denounce the racist intention behind the shooting when he said, “In one voice our nation must condemn racism, bigotry and white supremacy,” and that these “sinister ideologies must be defeated.” While he was not wrong to highlight the pervasive threat of racist violence — police investigating the El Paso shooting said they found an anti-immigrant document espousing white nationalist and racist views, which they believe was written by the suspect, Patrick Crusius — his focus on violent video games, mental illness and online bigotry leaves a glaring gap in policy: common-sense gun control reforms to curb the proliferation of deadly, military grade weapons and high-capacity magazines.

The battle to pass broad, effective gun control legislation, such as tougher background checks for gun buyers and the banning of certain gun technologies and accessories such as bump stocks that exponentially raise the lethality of weapons, has punctuated the past few decades of America’s unrelenting, 228-year-old love-affair with guns. Despite sustained lobbying to push forward basic gun control laws through the U.S. Congress — former President Obama saw no fewer than 17 of his attempts to bring gun control to the floor of Congress defeated by conservative lawmakers — the constitutional right to bear arms has never been more fiercely defended. Further Mr. Trump’s regular dog whistles to the forces of racist xenophobia appear to have emboldened fringe elements within the gun-loving fraternities to carry out mass attacks against minorities. The National Rifle Association quietly hands around $6 million annually to lawmakers in Washington to retain its pro-gun agenda as a top priority. Pro-gun lobbies consistently mobilise voters around the Second Amendment. The result of combining this ingrained “gun culture” with patchy gun regulations is ever more incidents of mass shootings. The societal and economic challenges that minorities face in the U.S. are already immense; if they become targets of a new vector of racist hatred, buttressed by the unregulated firepower of guns, then America’s “melting pot” dream will unravel fast.

Directions (1-3) Choose the similar meaning

Q1. Intention

a) resolve     

b) spectrum   

c) compassionate   

d) unparalleled       

e) None

Q2. Xenophobia 

a) saddened 

b) extraordinary   

c) ethnocentrism   

d) glorious         

e) None

Q3. Proliferation

a) dedication       

b) escalation         

c) contributed     

d) all       

e) None

Directions: (4-5) choose the opposite meaning

Q4. Exponentially

a) cordial       

b) nonexponential         

c) anguished     

d) ideologies         

e) None

Q5. Pervasive

a) collective     

b) Condolences         

c) outstanding     

d) effervescence       

e) None

Direction (6-7): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark “No Error” as your answer.

Q6. Further Mr. Trump’s regular dog whistles to the forces of racist xenophobia appear to be emboldened fringe elements within the gun-loving fraternities to carry out mass attacks against minorities.

a) to be emboldened         

b) to being emboldened               

c) to emboldened 

d) to have emboldened             

e) None

Q7. The result of combining this ingrained “gun culture” with patchy gun regulations is ever more incidents of mass shootings.

a) result of combining       

b) result of combine               

c) result of combination

d)result of combined             

e) None

Directions (8-10): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 8 to 10. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning. If none of the words given in options fits in, mark ‘None of these’ as your answer choice.

While he was not wrong to highlight the pervasive threat of racist violence — police investigating the El Paso shooting said they found an anti-immigrant document …………8……… white nationalist and racist views, which they believe was written by the suspect, Patrick Crusius — his focus on ……….9………. video games, mental illness and online ……….10………. leaves a glaring gap in policy: common-sense gun control reforms to curb the proliferation of deadly, military grade weapons and high-capacity magazines.

Q8.

a)bias     

b)intemperate         

c)espousing     

d) all       

e) None

Q9.

a)daub     

b)partisanship         

c)violent     

d) all       

e) None

Q10.

a) ungovernable     

b) rampant       

c) bigotry     

d) all       

e) None

Directions (11-12): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or d) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.

Q11. The El Paso attack, that(a)/ bore tell-tale signs of a hate crime,(b)/ was the deadliest mass shooting in the (c)/United States since November 2017(d)/(e)/ 

a) a              b) b                 c) c                     d) d                   e) e

Q12. The battle to pass broad, effective gun(a)/ control legislation, such as tougher background checks for gun buyers (b)/and the banning of certain gun technologies and accessories such as bump(c)/ stocks that exponentially raise the lethality of weapons(d)/(e)/

a) a              b) b                 c) c                     d) d                   e) e

Directions (13-15): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.

a) And accessories such as bump stocks that exponentially raise the lethality of weapons, has punctuated the past few decades of America’s unrelenting, 228-year-old love-affair with guns. 

b) Further Mr. Trump’s regular dog whistles to the forces of racist xenophobia appear to have emboldened fringe elements within the gun-loving fraternities to carry out mass attacks against minorities.  c) To bring gun control to the floor of Congress defeated by conservative lawmakers — the constitutional right to bear arms has never been more fiercely defended.

d) Despite sustained lobbying to push forward basic gun control laws through the U.S. Congress — former President Obama saw no fewer than 17 of his attempts.   

e) The battle to pass broad, effective gun control legislation, such as tougher background checks for gun buyers and the banning of certain gun technologies.

Q13. Which is the Second step after rearrangement?

a) A          b) B           c) C           d) D          e) E  

Q14. Which is the First step after rearrangement?

a) A          b) B          c) C           d) D          e) E

Q15. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?

a) A         b) B           c) C           d) D          e) E

Directions (16-17): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are four options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. If none of the four words is your answer, choose option (e) as your answer choice.

Q16. Despite sustained ………….to push forward basic gun control laws through the U.S. Congress former President Obama saw no fewer than 17 of his attempts to bring gun control to the floor of Congress defeated by conservative lawmakers.

a)summon       b)muster        c) lobbying      d) All      e) None

Q17. Pro-gun lobbies consistently ………… voters around the Second Amendment. 

a) precincts      b)mobilize       c)liaison         d) All      e) None

Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.

Q18. According to passage what kind of threats minorties is facing in U.S.?

a) economic         

b) societal       

c) from conservative lawmakers         

d) both a & b   

e) None

Q19. According to passage America love for gun is how many year old?

a) 125 yr           

b) 228 yr         

c) 25 yr         

d) All       

e) None

Q20. Which of the following statements is/are true in context of the passage above?

(I) Pro-gun lobbies consistently mobilize voters around the Second Amendment 

(II) lethal shootings resulting in 30 people dead

(III) In one voice our nation must condemn racism said by Donald trump

a) Only (III)   

b) Both (I) and (II)     

c) Both (I) and (III)     

d) All are incorrect   

e) None

Answers With Explanation

 

Ans.1, a it means a thing intended; an aim or plan.

 

Ans.2, c it means dislike of or prejudice against people from other countries.

 

Ans.3, b it means rapid increase in the number or amount of something.

 

Ans.4, b Exponetially means (with reference to an increase) more and more rapidly.Not relating to an exponent.

 

Ans.5, a Pervasive means (especially of an unwelcome influence or physical effect) spreading widely throughout an area or a group of people. Collective means done by people acting as a group.

 

Ans.6, d replace be with have.

 

Ans.7, a is correct.

 

Ans.8, c it means adopt or support (a cause, belief, or way of life).

 

Ans.9, c it means using or involving physical force intended to hurt, damage, or kill someone or something.

 

Ans.10, c it means intolerance towards those who hold different opinions from oneself.

 

Ans.11, a replace that with which. If the sentence doesn’t need the clause that the word in question is connecting, use which. If it does, use that. 

examples.

Our office, which has two lunchrooms, is located in Cincinnati.

Our office that has two lunchrooms is located in Cincinnati.

The second sentence suggests that we have multiple offices, but the office with two lunchrooms is located in Cincinnati. The phrase that has two lunchrooms is known as a restrictive clause because another part of the sentence (our office) depends on it. You can’t remove that clause without changing the meaning of the sentence.

 

Ans.12, e no error.

 

Ans.13, a is correct. Correct sequence is EADCB

 

Ans.14, e is correct.

 

Ans.15, c is correct.

 

Ans.16, c it means seek to influence (a legislator) on an issue.

 

Ans.17, b it means (of a country or its government) prepare and organize (troops) for active service.

 

Ans.18, d according to passage d is correct.

 

Ans.19, b according to passage d is correct.

 

Ans.20, c according to passage d is correct.

NO COMMENTS:

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *