Everything From A Single Para | English Aptitude Test

The Mint Opinion

These Questions Completely based on Single “Outlook” Editorial. The purpose to start this is to make you read the same paragraph again and again to understand the different types of questions like comprehension, cloze test, sentence arrangement, sentence improvement, vocab, antonyms, synonyms, fillers (all based on single paragraph) etc. Reading this paragraph while practicing these questions will help you understand. 


The Hindu: 09 August 2019

Abrogation Of Article 370 Gives Ladakh Opportunity To Nurture Its Political Expression

For a long time, circumstances never permitted Ladakh to shape its own political identity and the intermittent attempts by people to voice local aspirations were either ruthlessly crushed or skillfully outmanoeuvred by political masters from outside.

Ladakh has finally received a political status under the sun. The region had been suffering for long due to the prolonged political crisis in Jammu and Kashmir. For a long time, circumstances never permitted Ladakh to shape its own political identity. Instead, the intermittent attempts by people to voice local aspirations were either ruthlessly crushed or skillfully outmanoeuvred by political masters from outside. The demands raised by Ladakh, some of them predating J&K’s merger with the Indian Union, remain unfulfilled. The reasons non-fulfilment are numerous, but essentially Srinagar and New Delhi, for decades, succeeded in exploiting the simplicity, backwardness, fragility, and also played on local faultlines to keep Ladakh under their thumb. Being a small community, there was a limit to the pulls and pressures of political dynamics, taking place elsewhere at the national level, which Ladakh could withstand. The region has its own social, political and economic issues that are specific, distinct and cannot be addressed by juxtaposing or over-identifying with the larger trend. Ladakh cannot allow its aspirations to be driven by external motivations, which seems easier but not an ideal choice, for it will amount to exposing its political bankruptcy. The people of Ladakh have their own regional identity which is more distinct by any yardstick compared to Jammu and Kashmir. 

The situation around Ladakh has changed rapidly in the past 20 years, and people have their aspirations. The time was ripe to deal with the status quo and widespread shortcomings that were detrimental to national interests. Ladakh’s problems couldn’t have been addressed without engagement and ideas, thoughts, actions and wisdom of the people themselves to be able to reflect their regional distinctiveness and aspirations. Abrogation of 370 and withering away of Jammu and Kashmir is a welcome move for Ladakh. It should integrate the region fully with the rest of the country as an equal stakeholder in building the nation. It should allow the people of Ladakh to nurture a political expression to be able to uphold its political identity and interest first. It would steer an alternative political discourse based on local aspirations and challenges; to work towards the removal of prolonged political neglect of the region by putting the key issues on the forefront of national attention.The UT status should cater to the rising expectations of the people, especially the younger generation, to prevent them from falling adrift, and to exploit the full political potentials and economic interests of Ladakh.


Directions (1-3) Choose the similar meaning

Q1. Outmaneuvered

a) circumvent      b) pragmatic     c) gauge       d) all       e) None

Q2. Predating 

a)rambunctious   b)outwit        c)novel        d) establish     e) None

Q3. Juxtaposing

a)endeavor        b)collocate        c)trick         d)paradigm   e) None

Directions: (4-5) choose the opposite meaning

Q4. Yardstick 

a)abrogation      b) aberration    c) novel         d) flabbergasted   e) None

Q5. Withering

a)common       b) sanguine         c) flourish     d)all                  e) None

Direction (6-7): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark “No Error” as your answer.

Q6. The UT status should cater to the rising expectations of the people, especially the younger generation, to prevent them from falling adrift, and to exploit full political potentials and economic interests of Ladakh.

a) exploit the full             

b) exploit a full             

c) exploiting the full

d) exploit full               

e) None

Q7. It should allow the people’s of Ladakh to nurture a political expression to be able to uphold its political identity and interest first.

a)the peoples of             

b) the people of               

c)the people  

d)the people’s of               

e) None

Directions (8-10): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 8 to 10. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning. If none of the words given in options fits in, mark ‘None of these’ as your answer choice. 

The time was ripe to deal with the …….8……. and widespread shortcomings that were ……9…… to national interests. Ladakh’s problems couldn’t have been addressed without engagement and ideas, thoughts, actions and wisdom of the people themselves to be able to reflect their regional distinctiveness and ………10…….. Abrogation of 370 and withering away of Jammu and Kashmir is a welcome move for Ladakh. 

Q8. 

a)longing         

b)calamitous         

c)status quo       

d) all       

e) None

Q9. 

a)detrimental         

b) hankering         

c)perpetrate       

d) all       

e) None

Q10. 

a)ruinous       

b)aspirations         

c)malign       

d) all       

e) None

Directions (11-12): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or d) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.

Q11. The region has its own social, political(a)/ and economic issues that are specific,(b)/ distinct and cannot be address(c)/ by juxtaposing or over-identifying with the larger trend(d)/(e)/ 

a) a              b) b                 c) c                     d) d                   e) e

Q12. Be a small community,(a) there was a limit to the pulls and pressure(b)s of political dynamics, taking place (c)/elsewhere at the national level, which Ladakh could withstand(d)/(e)/

a) a              b) b                 c) c                     d) d                   e) e

Directions (13-15): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.

a) The simplicity, backwardness, fragility, and also played on local faultlines to keep Ladakh under their thumb.  

b) The demands raised by Ladakh, some of them predating J&K’s merger with the Indian Union, remain unfulfilled. 

c) The reasons non-fulfilment are numerous, but essentially Srinagar and New Delhi, for decades, succeeded in exploiting.  

d) Instead, the intermittent attempts by people to voice local aspirations were either ruthlessly crushed or skillfully outmanoeuvred by political masters from outside. 

e) For a long time, circumstances never permitted Ladakh to shape its own political identity. 

Q13. Which is the Second step after rearrangement?

a) A          b) B           c) C           d) D          e) E   

Q14. Which is the Last step after rearrangement?

a) A          b) B            c) C          d) D           e) E

Q15. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?

a) A         b) B              c) C         d) D           e) E

Directions (16-17): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are four options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. If none of the four words is your answer, choose option (e) as your answer choice.

Q16. It would steer an alternative political ……….. based on local aspirations and challenges; to work towards the removal of prolonged political neglect of the region by putting the key issues on the forefront of national attention.

a)vanquish         

b)endorse         

c)discourse         

d) All       

e) None

Q17. It should allow the people of Ladakh to nurture a political expression to be able to ……… its political identity and interest first.

a) discussion       

b) uphold         

c)consultation         

d) All       

e) None

Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.

Q18. According to passage what will be the impact on Ladakh after abolishing 370?

a)interaction of ladakh with country         

b)country will consider ladakh as part       

c)people of Ladakh to nurture a political expression           

d)All       

e) None

Q19. According to passage being a UT of ladakh what can be possible impact on people?

a) prevent them from falling adrift  
c) economic interests of Ladakh people       

d) All       

e) None

Q20. Which of the following statements is/are true in context of the passage above?

(I)  Ladakh is a small community

(II) people of Ladakh do not have their own regional identity

(III) circumstances ever permitted Ladakh to shape its own political identity

a) Only (III)     

b) Both (I) and (II)     

c) Both (II) and (III)     

d) All are incorrect   

e) None

Answers With Explanation

 

Ans.1, a it means evade (an opponent) by moving faster or with greater agility.

 

Ans.2, d it means state, affirm, or assert (something) about the subject of a sentence or an argument of a proposition.

 

Ans.3, b it means place or deal with close together for contrasting effect.

 

Ans.4, b Yardstick means a standard used for comparison. Aberration mean a characteristic that deviates from the normal type.

 

Ans.5, c withered means shrunken or wrinkled from age or disease. Flourish means (of a living organism) grow or develop in a healthy or vigorous way, especially as the result of a particularly congenial environment.

 

Ans.6, a we use the definite article with a superlative adjective:

He is the tallest boy in the class.

It is the oldest building in the town.

 

Ans.7, b people is the correct word to choose as a plural for person. Persons is archaic, and it is safe to avoid using it, except in legal writing, which has its own traditional language. 

 

Ans.8, c it means the existing state of affairs, especially regarding social or political issues.

 

Ans.9, a it means tending to cause harm.

 

Ans.10, b it means a hope or ambition of achieving something.

 

Ans.11, c A rabbit might have eaten all my flowers.”

Let’s take a look at that form.

might (modal) + have + eaten (past participle verb)

We use the modal might (you can also use may or could) because they show that we are not 100% sure about what happened. We are speculating about past events (guessing what we think happened). We then must use have followed by a past participle verb. We use ‘must’ when we have a stronger opinion about what happened.

 

Ans.12, a replace be with being. Being is a word that can be hard to master for English as a Second Language speakers. It can be used as a gerund, or in present or past continuous tenses. 

In a present or past continuous tense, being says that it is happening now, or was happening before, in a continual manner.

He is being nice.

She was being bad.

Being can also be used as a gerund, a word that acts like a noun and looks like a verb.

Being a teacher is fun. (“is” is the verb, “being” is the subject)

 

Ans.13, d is correct. Because correct sequence is  EDBCA.

 

Ans.14, a is correct.

 

Ans.15, c is correct.

 

Ans.16, c it means written or spoken communication or debate. 

 

Ans.17, b it means confirm or support (something which has been questioned).

 

Ans.18, d according to passage d is correct.

 

Ans.19, d according to passage d is correct.

 

Ans.20, c  according to passage c is correct.

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