Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- The Mint 01/10/2019
These Questions Completely based on Single “The Mint Editorial”. The purpose to start this is to make you read the same paragraph again and again to understand the different types of questions like comprehension, cloze test, sentence arrangement, sentence improvement, vocab, antonyms, synonyms, fillers (all based on single paragraph) etc. Reading this paragraph while practicing these questions will help you understand the meaning of the paragraph and also it will you a deep insight about how they framed the paragraph and how to attempt questions properly.
The Mint Editorial : 01 October 2019
Title: An innovator of resistance, Bapu defeated hatred
Subject: Even 71 years after his death, Gandhi remains relevant as he has become an ideology
What are the major aspects of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi’s personality? To borrow a phrase from the world of business, can we call him a disruptor? After he appeared on the scene, both the condition and direction of Indian politics went through a humongous change. It has been more than seven decades since he left us, but Bapu has become a tradition, which gets reaffirmed and rejuvenated after every conflict or controversy.
Not just India, but dissenters and protesters around the world have learnt from him. Recently, a deluge of people took to streets in Hong Kong against the attitude of Beijing. The reason behind this huge protest was a law under which the courts in mainland China were authorized to run trial on residents of Hong Kong. Despite several threats and pressures, the protests continued and the all-powerful Beijing had to finally bow down. The seeds of this movement were sown in 2014. At that time, the demand was for freedom and people were united against Chinese hegemony. This movement had drawn the attention of the entire world and everyone wondered why a government which did not hesitate to crack down on Tiananmen protesters was so restrained this time? Professor Chan Kan Ming, one of the leaders of the Hong Kong protest, answered this query. He said: “We took inspiration from Gandhi in the 40s and from Martin Luther King in the 60s.” This is not just the only example. I will narrate an incident I witnessed.
In 1997, the then Indian prime minister I.K. Gujral was on a visit to three countries. In the initial phase of his visit, he went to Uganda and South Africa. I was a part of his delegation to Uganda. There, we got the opportunity to understand the initial struggles of Gandhi. In those days, Uganda was ruled by Yoweri K. Museveni. He had told us, “As a Christian, I used to follow the principle of an eye for an eye, but since I came to know Gandhi, it feels that his path was more correct. There is nothing better than forgiving those you detest.” After two days, we got the opportunity to meet Nelson Mandela. He was a famous Gandhian.
When I look back, Gandhi seems to me to be the innovator of resistance. He defeated repression, exploitation and hatred with a strong and forgiving tolerance. To make the impossible possible was the first and foremost aspect of Gandhi’s personality. Bapu knew that the truth cannot be kept hidden. Gandhi was the nurturer of that Hindu tradition which has the capability of taking everyone in its fold without any discrimination. It is a well-known fact that there was no difference between his individual faith and social objectives. The Noakhali episode is an example of how effective he was. When guns could not douse the fire of riots there, Gandhi sat on a fast until death. When his condition deteriorated, people of Hindu and Muslim communities came to him asking for his forgiveness.
Now, let’s come to Gandhi’s ‘disruption’. In the politics of the 18th and 19th century, the elite dominated. The experiences of South Africa and Champaran had made him understand the importance of public participation. Bapu explained its importance to the elite Congressmen. As a result, the All India National Congress started knocking the doors of the common man. The people had been exploited for years, but they had huge aspirations. Despite having many limitations, the same people helped form Independent India. Gandhi cleared the dust lying for centuries on the soul of India. After that, there was no need for any other mechanism, technique or tool. From here, the world’s largest democracy started taking shape. It is important to mention here that Gandhi definitely insisted on his principles, but he knew the difference between insistence and prejudice. He knew if truth and non-violence leave the path of understanding and reason, then it will fall into a chasm of degeneration. This is why he announced the withdrawal of his movement after the Chauri Chaura incident. Despite the opposition of his partymen, he did it again and again as he understood the limitations of people and the power of the ruling class. He did not provide the oppressors with an opportunity to oppress, rather he was able to soften their attitude by his ability of tolerant reasoning. That is why former South African prime minister Jan Christiaan Smuts, or viceroys of India, became his admirers. This effort to win the trust of enemies was unprecedented.
The human nature is strange. Gandhi, who earned immense respect and love through transparency, love and equanimity could not remain untouched with hatred. The same hatred he kept fighting against, ultimately took his life. But even 71 years after his death, he remains relevant because he had become an ideology. Ideologies and thoughts don’t die, they can’t be killed. His admirers often say, Gandhi hasn’t died, he is still among us.
Directions (1-3) Choose the similar meaning
Directions: (4-5) choose the opposite meaning
Direction (6-7): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence.
Q6. It has been lot of seven decades since he left us, but Bapu has become a tradition, which gets reaffirmed and rejuvenated after every conflict or controversy.
a) lot of seven
b) more of seven
c) much of seven
d) many of seven
e) more than seven
Q7. I was a part of his delegation to Uganda. There, we got the opportunity to understand the initial struggles of Gandhi.
a) I was the part
b) I was a part
c) I was part
d) I was part of
e) I was an part
Directions (8-10): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 8 to 10. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning.
I was a part of his …………..8…….. to Uganda. There, we got the …………….9………… to understand the initial struggles of Gandhi. In those days, Uganda was ruled by Yoweri K. Museveni. He had told us, “As a Christian, I used to follow the ………………..10…….. of an eye for an eye, but since I came to know Gandhi, it feels that his path was more correct. There is nothing better than forgiving those you detest.” After two days, we got the opportunity to meet Nelson Mandela. He was a famous Gandhian.
Directions (11-12): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or d) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.
Q11. Despite of having many limitations(a)/ the same people helped form(b)/ Independent India. Gandhi cleared the dust lying(c)/ for centuries on the soul of India(d)/(e)/
Q12. After two days(a)/ we got the opportunity(b)/ to meet Nelson Mandela(c)/ He was a famous Gandhian(d)/(e)/
Directions (13-15): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.
a) The experiences of South Africa and Champaran had made him understand the importance of public participation. Bapu explained its importance to the elite Congressmen.
b) As a result, the All India National Congress started knocking the doors of the common man. The people had been exploited for years, but they had huge aspirations.
c) After that, there was no need for any other mechanism, technique or tool. From here, the world’s largest democracy started taking shape.
d) Now, let’s come to Gandhi’s ‘disruption’. In the politics of the 18th and 19th century, the elite dominated.
e) Despite having many limitations, the same people helped form Independent India. Gandhi cleared the dust lying for centuries on the soul of India.
Q13. Which is the Second step after rearrangement?
Q14. Which is the Third step after rearrangement?
Q15. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?
Directions (16-17): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are four options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct.
Q16. Bapu knew that the truth cannot be kept hidden. Gandhi was the…………………of that Hindu tradition which has the capability of taking everyone in its fold.
Q17. Bapu explained its importance to the ………….Congressmen.
Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.
Q18. Tell us if these riots name is mentioned in passage or not?
a) Chauri Chaur
d) Only a & b
e) all of above
Q19. According to passage why people of Hong Kong protest against Beijing?
a) law under which the courts in mainland China were authorized to run trial on residents of Hong Kong
b) demand was for freedom and people were united against Chinese hegemony.
c) they were followers of Mahatma Gandhi
d) all of above
e) Both a & b
Q20. Which of the following statements is/are true in context of the passage above?
(I) 18th and 19th century, the elite dominated
(II) Ideologies and thoughts don’t die, they can’t be killed.
(III) When guns could not douse the fire of riots there, Gandhi sat on a fast until death.
a) Only (III)
b) Both (I) and (II)
c) Both (II) and (III)
d) All are correct
e) Only (II)
Answers With Explanation
Ans.1, e it means the action of subduing someone or something by force.
Ans.2, d it means pour a liquid over; drench.
Ans.3, c it means preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience.
Ans.4, d Humongous means huge; enormous. Tiny means very small.
Ans.5, a Dissenters means a person who dissents. believer means to consider to be true or honest.
Ans.6, e much” to describe a relative amount of a noun that can’t be easily counted or quantified. If you can’t put a number before the noun, use “much.”
“Many” describes a quantifiable, countable noun. If you can put a number before the noun you should probably use “many.” Here if you replace the object with a pronoun, it will be plural (them, they).
Many ski-lift operators will be looking for jobs. Who will employ 30 of them?
More than is a phrasal preposition, where it is equivalent to over when describing an amount that is greater than another. A phrasal preposition is two or more words that, together, function as a preposition.
There are more than 20 brands of hot sauce at the grocery store.
More then is commonly misused as a phrasal preposition instead of more than. This usage is incorrect. It would require convoluted syntactical gymnastics to formulate a sentence where more then is appropriate
Melissa gazed longingly at the fruit salad, asked for more, then got it.
Ans.7, b The words “a” and “the” mean two very different things when referring to objects.
“The car drove silently down the road because it is electric.”
In this sentence “the car” refers to a specific car. There is once specific car that is electric and that drove silently down the road.
A car drove loudly down the road because it had a large gasoline engine.”
In this sentence “a car” means any car. A non-specific car drove loudly down the road.
Imagine you are sitting on a park bench with a friend. You see a car and want to comment on it. You would say “the car” or “that car” because you are referring to a specific car. Now let’s say you want to make a general comment about cars. You would say “a car” or “cars” because you are speaking generally, not specifically.
Look! The car that just drove past is super cool!
A car has four wheels and is usually powered by an internal combustion engine that runs on gasoline.
Ans.8, b it means a body of delegates or representatives; a deputation.
Ans.9, a it means a time or set of circumstances that makes it possible to do something.
Ans.10, e it means a fundamental truth or proposition that serves as the foundation for a system of belief or behaviour or for a chain of reasoning.
Ans.11, a use only despite in place of despite of because we never use of with depsite.
Despite” means “even though,” “notwithstanding,” or “regardless of.” It’s the opposite of “because of/due to,” and can be used with a noun or gerund.
She had difficulty communicating in French despite all her years of study.
Ans.12, e no error.
Ans.13, a is correct. Because the correct sequence is DABEC.
Ans.14, b is correct.
Ans.15, e is correct.
Ans.16, c it means nurturer is someone who provides food or care.
Ans.17, e it means a select group that is superior in terms of ability or qualities to the rest of a group or society.
Ans.18, e according to passage e is correct.
Ans.19, e according to passage e is correct.
Ans.20, d according to passage d is correct.