Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- The Mint 28/09/2019

The Mint

Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- The Mint 28/09/2019

These Questions Completely based on Single “The Mint Editorial”. The purpose to start this is to make you read the same paragraph again and again to understand the different types of questions like comprehension, cloze test, sentence arrangement, sentence improvement, vocab, antonyms, synonyms, fillers (all based on single paragraph) etc. Reading this paragraph while practicing these questions will help you understand the meaning of the paragraph and also it will you a deep insight about how they framed the paragraph and how to attempt questions properly.

The Mint Editorial : 28 September 2019

Title: Greta Thunberg is the face of an outlandish ultra-left dream

Subject: The world is applauding the global-scale exploitation of a child who needs therapeutic care

On 23 September, Greta Thunberg, the 16-year-old global icon of climate activism, spoke at the United Nations Climate Summit. The speech was deeply disturbing. The feral rage, the doomsday sermon delivered with messianic zeal, the distressing reminders of her young age. It leads me to ask a few questions.
She has admitted to suffering from Asperger’s, obsessive compulsive disorder and selective mutism. This is a girl who needs medical attention, yet her parents and her radical-left handlers are carting her around the world and exposing her constantly to high-stress situations to serve their own purposes, causing god-knows-what long-term damage to her. If this isn’t child abuse, I don’t know what is. And the cleverly crafted perversity is that a child being the propaganda tool, adults can be shamed freely if they criticize anything she says.
Days before her speech, kids around the world bunked school and went on strike to blame grown-ups for the “climate crisis”, roaming the streets, shrieking about something few of them had any clue about. If I was a well-off schoolkid, I’d have joined too. No classes, freedom to take selfies while publicly abusing parents, have some pizza, then go back to the parental home’s comforts, almost all of which exist due to fossil-fueled power.
I can bet that 90% of people who support Thunberg and the climate strikes never bothered to check what they really stand for. It’s easy. Go to globalclimatestrike.net and click on “What are you asking for?” Among the demands—immediately ban fossil fuels etc—is “climate justice”. Click on that and you’ll reach peoplesdemands.org, “people” being a coalition of hard-left activist groups. Their demands involve rejecting carbon capture and storage, carbon trading, geo-engineering, biofuels, and use of any technology or market mechanisms to cut carbon emissions. Only community-led climate solutions that recognize the traditional knowledge, practices and wisdom of indigenous peoples and local communities will be permitted.
In sum, Thunberg represents a movement that wants us to revert to a pre-industrial world, with no room for innovation or progress. But this is not laughable fantasy. It has been tried out, in real life. By Pol Pot. He killed off 25% of Cambodia’s population in the process. This is the vision Thunberg is the face of. And she was awarded the Right Livelihood Award or the “Alternative Nobel Prize” on Wednesday. The Nobel Peace Prize is round the corner.
Of course we should act about climate change. But panic, which is what Thunberg wants us to do, is not the rational response. Even if global temperatures rise by 1.5 degrees above pre-industrial levels, nothing cataclysmic will happen. And apocalyptic predictions are hardly new. In 1989, a United Nations Environment Program director warned that “entire nations could be wiped (out) by rising sea levels if the global warming trend is not reversed by 2000″. In 2006, Al Gore said that we had “10 years” to solve the problem. In 2007, the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) gave us till 2012. And Gore and IPCC even got the Nobel! IPCC has just released another doomsday scenario. Since bad news sells, it’s made headlines. No one bothers to check that IPCC is wrong all the time.
Human history is the history of innovation. We didn’t move out of the Stone Age because we ran out of stones, but because we discovered how to mine and forge metals. Poverty is the biggest problem facing humanity, and escaping poverty requires enormous energy. Thunberg and her well-fed handlers don’t care what a momentous difference an electric or gas connection makes to the life and future of a poor family. That family desperately needs a cheap stable source of energy, and today, fossil fuel provides that. But Thunberg would rather have them gathering firewood and picking berries.
Across the world, CO2 emissions per dollar of gross domestic product have followed a curve—it rises as a country industrialises fast and then falls steadily (India hit a peak in the mid-1990s and has been dropping since then). Carbon intensity for the world has been declining for half a century now. Of course that’s not enough. But what we need is not crazed leftist plans that will keep the poor helpless, but greater research in green energy that can create alternatives that are cheaper and more attractive than fossil fuels, so we can lift a billion people out of poverty faster. Global warming will then automatically taper off. We need patience and confidence in human ingenuity, not venal fear-mongering.
The truth is this: Hard-left ideologues are using children to blackmail the world into paying heed to their dangerous agendas. The kids are susceptible, because they are passionate and easily provoked. But what about the countless adults who treat Greta Thunberg like a child-prophet? How are they different from members of some medieval cult? This is a girl with special challenges, who needs therapeutic care. This is child exploitation on a global scale which we are applauding and awarding. We should be ashamed.

Directions (1-3) Choose the similar meaning
Q1. Feral
a) untamed
b) hostile
c) daub
d) murmur
e) novel

Q2. Messianic
a) bungle
b) splurge
c) god
d) embroil
e) involve

Q3. Cataclysmic
a) expedite
b) aid
c) enmesh
d) disastrous
e) forfeit

Directions: (4-5) choose the opposite meaning
Q4. Doomsday
a) eponymous
b) visitor
c) windfall
d) swashbuckling
e) cog nominal

Q5. Mongering
a) tenant
b) evacuee
c) tacit
d) namesake
e) customer

Direction (6-7): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence.
Q6. Until bad news sells, it’s made headlines. No one bothers to check that IPCC is wrong all the time.
a) Until bad news
b) Since bad news
c) When bad news
d) Then bad news
e) Whenever bad news

Q7. Across the world, CO2 emissions per dollar of gross domestic product have followed a curve—it rises as a country industrialises fast and then falls steadily.
a) Across the world
b) Over the world
c) Around the world
d) The world
e) All over the world

Directions (8-10): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 8 to 10. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning.
The truth is this: Hard-left ……..8…….. are using children to blackmail the world into paying heed to their dangerous agendas. The kids are …………9…….., because they are passionate and easily ……….10…….
Q8.
a) dilemma
b) pseudo
c) manifest
d) ideologues
e) afloat

Q9.
a) susceptible
b) combustion
c) sour
d) plenty
e) drift

Q10.
a) abundant
b) provoked
c) wander
d) tacit
e) bestow

Directions (11-12): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or d) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.
Q11. Between the(a)/ demands—immediately(b)/ ban fossil fuels(c)/ etc—is “climate justice(d)/(e)/
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Q12. Human history is the history of innovation(a)/ We didn’t move out of the Stone Age(b)/ because we ran out of stones, but because(c)/ we discovered how to mine and forge metals(d)/(e)/
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Directions (13-15): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.
a) Across the world, CO2 emissions per dollar of gross domestic product have followed a curve—it rises as a country industrialises fast and then falls steadily.
b) Of course that’s not enough.
c) But what we need is not crazed leftist plans that will keep the poor helpless, but greater research in green energy that can create alternatives that are cheaper and more attractive than fossil fuels, so we can lift a billion people out of poverty faster.
d) India hit a peak in the mid-1990s and has been dropping since then. Carbon intensity for the world has been declining for half a century now.
e) Global warming will then automatically taper off. We need patience and confidence in human ingenuity, not venal fear-mongering.
Q13. Which is the Second step after rearrangement?
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Q14. Which is the Third step after rearrangement?
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Q15. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Directions (16-17): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are four options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct.
Q16. Poverty is the biggest problem facing humanity, and ………….. poverty requires enormous energy.
a) empire
b) hamper
c) escaping
d) jiffy
e) accept

Q17. Only community-led climate solutions that ……….. the traditional knowledge, practices and wisdom of indigenous peoples and local communities will be permitted.
a) lacuna
b) jolt
c) bundle
d) caution
e) recognize

Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.
Q18. According to passage what are the demands of people on peoplesdemands.org website?
a) carbon capture and storage
b) carbon trading
c) geo-engineering
d) biofuels
e) all of above

Q19. According to passage what is the reason Pol Pot has killed off 25% of Cambodia’s population?
a) revert to a pre-industrial world
b) no room for innovation
c) no room for progress
d) all of above
e) only b & c

Q20. Which of the following statements is/are true in context of the passage above?
(I) 90% of people who support Thunberg and the climate strikes never bothered to check what they really stand for.
(II) global temperatures rise by 1.8 degrees above pre-industrial levels, nothing cataclysmic will happen
(III) Asperger’s, obsessive compulsive disorder and selective mutism.
a) Only (III)
b) Both (I) and (II)
c) Both (I) and (III)
d) All are correct
e) Both (II) and (III)

 

Answers With Explanation

Ans.1, a it means (especially of an animal) in a wild state, especially after escape from captivity or domestication.
Ans.2, c the promised deliverer of the Jewish nation prophesied in the Hebrew Bible.
Ans.3, d it means (of a natural event) large-scale and violent.
Ans.4, c Doomsday means the last day of the world’s existence. Windfall means large amount of money that is won or received unexpectedly.
Ans.5, e Mongering means A monger is a seller, especially of something specific like a fish monger or an iron monger. … Monger can also be used as a verb meaning “to sell or peddle. customer means a person who buys goods or services from a shop or business.
Ans.6, b Use since in place of untill because. As prepositions the difference between until and since is that until is up to the time of (something happening) while since is from (time).
As conjunctions the difference between until and since is that until is up to the time that (a condition becomes true) while since is from the time that.
Ans.7, b Across
We use across as a preposition (prep) and an adverb (adv). Across means on the other side of something, or from one side to the other of something which has sides or limits such as a city, road or river:
We took a boat [PREP]across the river.
Over
We use over as a preposition and an adverb to refer to something at a higher position than something else, sometimes involving movement from one side to another:
From the castle tower, you can see [PREP]over the whole city.
As a adverb since is from a specified time in the past.
You can also say “around the country.” “Around” can be two-dimensional or three-dimensional. 
Ans.8 , d it means an adherent of an ideology, especially one who is uncompromising and dogmatic.
Ans.9, a it means likely or liable to be influenced or harmed by a particular thing.
Ans.10, b it means stimulate or give rise to (a reaction or emotion, typically a strong or unwelcome one) in someone.
Ans.11, a use among in place of between. AMONG instead of BETWEEN since we’re dealing with three names?

It is often taught that “between” is used for 2 items and “among” for 3 or more.

But this is not completely accurate. The more accurate difference is this:

Between is used when naming distinct, individual items (can be 2, 3, or more)
Among is used when the items are part of a group, or are not specifically named (MUST be 3 or more)
Ans.12, e no error.
Ans.13, d is correct. Because the correct sequence is ADBCE.
Ans.14, b is correct.
Ans.15, c is correct.
Ans.16, c it means break free from confinement or control.
Ans.17, e it means identify (someone or something) from having encountered them before; know again.
Ans.18, e according to passage e is correct.
Ans.19, d according to passage d is correct.
Ans.20, c according to passage c is correct.

 

 

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