Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- The Hindu 27/09/2019

The Hindu

Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- The Hindu 27/09/2019

These Questions Completely based on Single “The Hindu Editorial”. The purpose to start this is to make you read the same paragraph again and again to understand the different types of questions like comprehension, cloze test, sentence arrangement, sentence improvement, vocab, antonyms, synonyms, fillers (all based on single paragraph) etc. Reading this paragraph while practicing these questions will help you understand the meaning of the paragraph and also it will give you a deep insight about how they framed the paragraph and how to attempt questions properly.

The Hindu Editorial : 27 September 2019

Title: Subject to people’s will: On Karnataka bypolls
Subject: Disqualified rebels should not be barred from bypolls in Karnataka
With the Election Commission of India agreeing to defer byelections to 15 of the 17 vacant Assembly seats in Karnataka, the defectors from the Congress and JD(S) have got a breather. By the dint of this order, the question whether they can contest the elections will be answered by the Supreme Court before the bypolls. The rebel former legislators of the Congress and Janata Dal (Secular) had earlier this year resigned from their respective parties and were later disqualified by the then Speaker Ramesh Kumar.
Following these actions, the BJP managed to get to power with the support of 105 of the 208 remaining legislators in the Assembly. The then Speaker’s actions disqualifying the legislators who had resigned till the end of the current term of the Assembly added a twist to the tale. This sent the fate of these disqualified legislators into a limbo, as it made it unclear whether they can contest following this ruling.
Under the law (the Tenth schedule) though, it is not clear as to how the ex-Speaker could fix a period till which a member can remain disqualified and bar them for the rest of the assembly term. It is evident that the disqualified legislators should not be disallowed by the Supreme Court from contesting in the byelections for the seats.
However, the actions by the rebel legislators and the Speaker, cumulatively beg the question if the letter and spirit of the anti-defection law were undermined. It was clear that the legislators who quit the Congress-JD(S) coalition did so to curry favour with the BJP and to gain new loaves of power in the form of ministerial berths. The fact that the BJP government led by B. S. Yediyurappa has kept portfolios vacant in its council of ministers indicates that these seats have been kept warm for the turncoats.
On the other hand, the Congress-JD(S) rigmarole of locking up legislators in resorts and hotels before trust votes, besides the machinations by the Speaker — sitting on the resignations for a long period and coming up with an unusual disqualification order — did not help matters.
The fractiousness of the coalition had already led to a stasis in governance and had contributed to its loss in the Lok Sabha election and it is no wonder that the Congress and the JD(S) have decided to contest the byelections on their own. Besides deciding the future of the BJP government, which has a narrow margin of support in the Assembly, the byelections provide a good opportunity for voters of these constituencies to judge the parties and their representatives for their respective roles in the sordid drama this year.
It is the people’s reasoned will that could ultimately bring a change in the political culture rather than just the implementation of the anti-defection law to regulate legislator behaviour.

Directions (1-3) Choose the similar meaning
Q1. Defectors
a) traitor
b) intrusion
c) evanescence
d) event
e) role

Q2. Limbo
a) occasion
b) unfinished
c) event
d) disrupts
e) aid

Q3. Cumulatively
a) linger
b) praise
c) beat
d) accumulative
e) stake

Directions: (4-5) choose the opposite meaning
Q4. Rigmarole
a) ruthless
b) calamities’
c) tremble
d) expire
e) possessions

Q5. Sordid
a) revisit
b) fervor
c) respectable
d) grow
e) destroy

Direction (6-7): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence.
Q6. Besides deciding the future of the BJP government, which has a narrow margin of support in the Assembly, the byelections provide a good opportunity.
a) Besides deciding
b) Beside deciding
c) although deciding
d) despite deciding
e) in spite of deciding

Q7. By the dint of this order, the question whether they can contest the elections will be answered by the Supreme Court before the bypolls.
a) By a dint of
b) the dint of
c) By the dint for
d) By the dint of
e) By the dint

Directions (8-10): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 8 to 10. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning.
Besides deciding the future of the BJP government, which has a ……….8………. margin of support in the Assembly, the byelections provide a good opportunity for voters of these constituencies to judge the parties and their representatives for their respective roles in the ………..9……… drama this year. It is the people’s reasoned will that could ultimately bring a change in the political culture rather than just the …………10………… of the anti-defection law to regulate legislator behaviour.
Q8.
a) ignore
b) spurn
c) bungle
d) narrow
e) welcome

Q9.
a) decline
b) sordid
c) close
d) arise
e) reprieve

Q10.
a) implementation
b) assist
c) permit
d) event
e) delay

Directions (11-12): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or d) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.
Q11. Following those actions,(a)/ the BJP managed to get to power(b)/ with the support of 105(c)/ of the 208 remaining legislators in the Assembly(d/(e)/
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Q12. With the Election Commission of(a)/ India agreeing to defer byelections(b)/ to 15 of the 17 vacant Assembly seats in Karnataka, the defectors(c)/ from the Congress and JD(S) have got a breather(d)/(e)/
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Directions (13-15): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.
a) By the dint of this order, the question whether they can contest the elections will be answered by the Supreme Court before the bypolls.
b) Following these actions, the BJP managed to get to power with the support of 105 of the 208 remaining legislators in the Assembly.
c) The then Speaker’s actions disqualifying the legislators who had resigned till the end of the current term of the Assembly added a twist to the tale.
d) The rebel former legislators of the Congress and Janata Dal (Secular) had earlier this year resigned from their respective parties and were later disqualified by the then Speaker Ramesh Kumar.
e) This sent the fate of these disqualified legislators into a limbo, as it made it unclear whether they can contest following this ruling.
Q13. Which is the Second step after rearrangement?
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Q14. Which is the Third step after rearrangement?
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Q15. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Directions (16-17): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are four options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct.
Q16. It is ………. that the disqualified legislators should not be disallowed by the Supreme Court from contesting in the byelections for the seats.
a) visible
b) aplenty
c) feast
d) evident
e) slacken

Q17. The ………………. of the coalition had already led to a stasis in governance and had contributed to its loss in the Lok Sabha election.
a) gloomy
b) fractiousness
c) murky
d) flabbergasted
e) tyrant

Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.
Q18. According to passage what is the meaning of the phrase curry favour with?
a) to gain benefit or ingratiate oneself
b) flattery
c) Asking someone what is on their minds
d) Only a & b
e) Work or labour late into the night

Q19. According to passage which sentence has an error?
a) It is evidently that the disqualified legislators should not be disallowed
b) However, the actions by the rebel legislators and the Speaker, cumulatively beg the question
c) The fact that the BJP government led by B. S. Yediyurappa has kept portfolios vacant in their council of ministers
d) On the other hand, the Congress-JD(S) rigmarole of locking up legislators in resorts and hotels before trust votes
e) Both a & c

Q20. Which of the following statements is/are true in context of the passage above?
(I) With the Election Commission of India agreeing to defer byelections to 15 of the 17 vacant Assembly
(II) It is evident that the disqualified legislators should not be disallowed by the Supreme Court from contesting in the byelections for the seats.
(III) BJP managed to get to power with the support of 105 of the 208 remaining legislators in the Assembly.
a) Only (III)
b) Both (I) and (II)
c) Both (II) and (III)
d) All are correct
e) Only (II)

 

Answers With Explanation

Ans.1, a it means a person who has abandoned their country or cause in favour of an opposing one.
Ans.2, b it means an uncertain period of awaiting a decision or resolution; an intermediate state or condition.
Ans.3, d it means in a way that increases in quantity, degree, or force by successive additions.
Ans.4, e Rigmarole means a lengthy and complicated procedure. Possessions means the state of having, owning, or controlling something.
Ans.5, c Sordid means involving immoral or dishonourable actions and motives; arousing moral distaste and contempt. Respectable regarded by society to be good, proper, or correct.
Ans.6, a The word beside (without the “s”) functions as a preposition and its most common definition is at the side of; next to.

My best friend will always stand beside me.
The word besides (with the “s”) can function as both an adverb and a preposition.
As an adverb, besides is defined as in addition to, as well; moreover, furthermore.

I’m perfectly willing to take on more work and, besides, I want to.
Ans.7, d use by dint of because it is an idiom.which means because of something; due to the efforts of something.
Ans.8, d it means of small width in relation to length.
Ans.9, b it means involving immoral or dishonourable actions and motives; arousing moral distaste and contempt.
Ans.10, a it means the process of putting a decision or plan into effect; execution.
Ans.11, a use these in place of those because In order to understand the difference between these two terms we need first to understand the difference between “this” and “that,” since “these” is the plural of “this” and “those” is the plural of “that.”
The most basic difference refers to the distance of the object to the speaker. You should use “this” when the object is close to the speaker, and “that” when it is away. For example:

This is my book. (a boy points to a book on his hand)
That is your book. (a boy points to a book close to his friend)

Similarly, if you the things are close to the speaker you should use “these,” and if they are away you should use “those.”
Ans.12, e no error.
Ans.13, d is correct. Because the correct sequence is ADBCE.
Ans.14, b is correct.
Ans.15, c is correct.
Ans.16, d it means clearly seen or understood; obvious.
Ans.17, b it means refractory or unruly.
Ans.18, d according to passage d is correct.
Ans.19, e in a use evident in place of evidently As a adjective evident is obviously true by simple observation.

As a adverb evidently is (obsolete) in such a way as to be clearly visible or manifest; distinctly, clearly.
And in c use its in place of their because
‘Its’ stands for a something belonging to a thing, such as a book’s pages, or an animal, such as a dog’s tail, or a concept, such as prosperity’s benefits.

Their’ stands for multiple owners but can include people, such as the car belonging to our friends, Ana and Lee, the blue covers belonging to the books, the whiskers belonging to our cats, the joy belonging to the winners.

In contrast, ‘its’ does not apply to people, since it is neuter gender in English.
Ans.20, d according to passage d is correct.

 

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