Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- The Hindu 25/09/2019

The Hindu

Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- The Hindu 25/09/2019

These Questions Completely based on Single “The Hindu Editorial”. The purpose to start this is to make you read the same paragraph again and again to understand the different types of questions like comprehension, cloze test, sentence arrangement, sentence improvement, vocab, antonyms, synonyms, fillers (all based on single paragraph) etc. Reading this paragraph while practicing these questions will help you understand the meaning of the paragraph and also it will give you a deep insight about how they framed the paragraph and how to attempt questions properly.

The Hindu Editorial : 25 September 2019

Title: Seeking to secure: on linking Aadhaar-GST registration
Subject: India’s call for solid steps on climate change must be matched by domestic measures
Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s assertive stance on the need for all countries to walk the talk on climate change action is to be welcomed as a signal of India’s own determination to align domestic policy with its international commitments. Mr. Modi’s comments at the UN Climate Action Summit in New York have turned the spotlight on not just the national contributions pledged under the Paris Agreement of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), but also the possibility of India declaring enhanced ambition on cutting greenhouse gas emissions under the pact next year.
Several aspects place the country in the unenviable position of having to reconcile conflicting imperatives: along with a declared programme of scaling up electricity from renewable sources to 175 GW by 2022 and even to 450 GW later, there is a parallel emphasis on expanding coal-based generation to meet peaks of demand that cannot be met by solar and wind power. The irony of the Prime Minister telling the international community in Houston that his government had opened up coal mining to 100% foreign direct investment was not lost on climate activists campaigning for a ban on new coal plants and divesting of shares in coal companies.
No less challenging is a substantial transition to electric mobility, beginning with commercial and public transport, although it would have multiple benefits, not the least of which is cleaner air and reduced expenditure on oil imports.
Advancing the national climate agenda in the spirit of Mr. Modi’s action-over-words idiom requires the Central government to come up with a strong domestic action plan. The existing internal framework, the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) is more than a decade old. It lacks the legal foundation to incorporate the key national commitment under the Paris Agreement: to reduce the emissions intensity of economic growth by a third, by 2030.
Without an update to the NAPCC and its mission-mode programmes, and legislation approved by States for new green norms governing buildings, transport, agriculture, water use and so on, it will be impossible to make a case for major climate finance under the UNFCCC. It is equally urgent to arrive at a funding plan for all States to help communities adapt to more frequent climate-linked disasters such as cyclones, floods and droughts.
There is, no doubt, wide support for India’s position that it cannot be held responsible for the stock of atmospheric carbon dioxide influencing the climate; even today, per capita emissions remain below the global average. Paradoxically, the country is a victim of climate events on the one hand and a major emitter of GHGs in absolute terms on the other.
In New York, Mr. Modi chose to rely on the country’s culture of environmentalism to reassure the international community on its ability to act. In coming years, national actions will have to be demonstrably effective in curbing carbon emissions.

Directions (1-3) Choose the similar meaning
Q1. Imperatives
a) indispensable
b) plunk
c) incline
d) dump
e) glob

Q2. Pledged
a) soaring
b) guarantee
c) candid
d) sheer
e) downright

Q3. Unenviable
a) band
b) cogent
c) total
d) nasty
e) sheer

Directions: (4-5) choose the opposite meaning
Q4. Paradoxically
a) abridge
b) splurge
c) deferential
d) bungle
e) escort

Q5. Irony
a) deference
b) consent
c) laureate
d) retinue
e) wrangle

Direction (6-7): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence.
Q6. Country in the unenviable position of having to reconcile conflicting imperatives: along with a declared programme of scaling up.
a) along for a
b) along
c) along with a
d) along with
e) as well as

Q7. Not less challenging is a substantial transition to electric mobility, beginning with commercial and public transport.
a) Not lesser
b) No fewer
c) Not less
d) No less
e) None less

Directions (8-10): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 8 to 10. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning.
………….8……….. the national climate agenda in the spirit of Mr. Modi’s action-over-words idiom requires the Central government to come up with a strong …………..9………. action plan. The existing internal framework, the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) is more than a decade old. It lacks the legal foundation to…………10………the key national commitment under the Paris Agreement: to reduce the emissions intensity of economic growth by a third, by 2030.
Q8.
a) Advancing
b) concur
c) bicker
d) suggestive
e) evocative

Q9.
a) rudimentary
b) nascent
c) domestic
d) callous
e) inculcate

Q10.
a) incipient
b) budding
c) inchoate
d) ripe
e) incorporate

Directions (11-12): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or d) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.
Q11. Paradoxically, the country is a(a)/ victim of climate events on the one(b)/ hand and a major emitter(c)/ of GHGs in absolute terms on the other(d)/(e)/
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Q12. Although it would have(a)/ multiple benefits, not the(b)/ least of which is cleaner air(c)/ and reduced expenditure on oil imports(d)/(e)/
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Directions (13-15): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.
a) Paradoxically, the country is a victim of climate events on the one hand and a major emitter of GHGs in absolute terms on the other.
b) For the stock of atmospheric carbon dioxide influencing the climate; even today, per capita emissions remain below the global average.
c) In New York, Mr. Modi chose to rely on the country’s culture of environmentalism to reassure the international community on its ability to act.
d) There is, no doubt, wide support for India’s position that it cannot be held responsible.
e) It is equally urgent to arrive at a funding plan for all States to help communities adapt to more frequent climate-linked disasters such as cyclones, floods and droughts.
Q13. Which is the Second step after rearrangement?
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Q14. Which is the Third step after rearrangement?
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Q15. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Directions (16-17): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are five options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct.
Q16. Without an update to the NAPCC and its mission-mode programmes, and ………… approved by States for new green norms governing buildings, transport, agriculture, water use and so on.
a) impediment
b) gist
c) aide
d) legislation
e) malice

Q17. It is equally urgent to …………. at a funding plan for all States to help communities adapt to more frequent climate-linked disasters.
a) victor
b) arrive
c) mock
d) spite
e) impetus

Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.
Q18. According to passage why the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) is not appropriate in current scenario?
a) It is an old law
b) It lacks the legal foundation
c) Does not follow Paris agreement
d) All are correct
e) Only a & b

Q19. According to passage what are the main problems of States for that they want funds?
a) Cyclones
b) Floods
c) Droughts
d) Nourishment
e) Only a,b & c

Q20. Which of the following statements is/are false in context of the passage above?
(I) Paradoxically, the country is a victim of climate events on the one hand
(II) even today, per capita emissions remain below the global average.
(III) government had opened up coal mining to 10% foreign direct investment
a) Only (III)
b) Both (I) and (II)
c) Both (II) and (III)
d) All are correct
e) Only (II)

Answers With Explanation

Ans.1, a it means an essential or urgent thing.
Ans.2, b it means commit (a person or organization) by a solemn promise.
Ans.3, d it means difficult, undesirable, or unpleasant.
Ans.4, e Paradoxically means in a seemingly absurd or self-contradictory way. Deferential means showing deference; respectful.
Ans.5, a Irony means the expression of one’s meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect. Deference means polite submission and respect.
Ans.6, c The expression along with is used to indicate addition and inclusion. It happens to form a prepositional phrase along with the following item, often a noun phrase.

Along with seems very similar, therefore, to other expressions such as as well as. The item as well as is also used to express addition and inclusion. The last word in as well as is also a preposition and can form a preposition phrase with a following noun phrase.

Both of these items form phrases that can function as Adjuncts (read adverbials):

She has, [as well as a flat in Mayfair], [a mansion on the south coast].
She has, [along with a flat in Mayfair], [a mansion on the south coast].
Ans.7, d Use fewer when referring to things or people in the plural

use less when referring to things that can’t be counted, don’t have a plural, with measurements or with amounts on their own.

For instance: There were fewer people present. (Plural) I have fewer options available. (Plural)

I have less than 4 options. (measurement)
Ans.8, a it means move forwards in a purposeful way.
Ans.9, c it means relating to the running of a home or to family relations.
Ans.10, e it means take in or contain (something) as part of a whole; include.
Ans.11, d use other in place of another .The words another and other mean the same thing, except that another is used with a singular noun and other is used with uncountable and plural nouns:

She’s going to the cinema with another friend.
She’s going to the cinema with other friends.
Ans.12, e no error.
Ans.13, d is correct. Because the correct sequence is EDBAC.
Ans.14, b is correct.
Ans.15, a is correct.
Ans.16, d it means laws, considered collectively.
Ans.17, b it means reach a place at the end of a journey or a stage in a journey.
Ans.18, e according to passage e is correct.
Ans.19, e according to passage e is correct.
Ans.20, a according to passage a is correct.

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