Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- The Mint 24/09/2019

The Mint

Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- The Mint 24/09/2019

These Questions Completely based on Single “The Mint Editorial”. The purpose to start this is to make you read the same paragraph again and again to understand the different types of questions like comprehension, cloze test, sentence arrangement, sentence improvement, vocab, antonyms, synonyms, fillers (all based on single paragraph) etc. Reading this paragraph while practicing these questions will help you understand the meaning of the paragraph and also it will you a deep insight about how they framed the paragraph and how to attempt questions properly. 

The Mint Editorial : 24 September 2019

Title: The private sector has a role in the success of Ayushman Bharat

Subject: A call for concerted action by various players in the sector to meet India’s healthcare challenges

The late monsoon, drought, flooding and increased vector-borne diseases and other infections—this has been a tough year for India’s public health system, which already faces numerous challenges. Nearly two-thirds of hospitals, three-quarters of dispensaries and four-fifths of doctors are located in urban areas, servicing less than a third of the country’s population. Vast rural areas have little or no access to healthcare. How can we bridge the gap?
The government’s answer is Ayushman Bharat. This aims for large-scale reform of the health sector, making it possibly the world’s biggest effort in expanding access to healthcare.
The key aims of Ayushman Bharat are to reach 107.4 million Indians, establish 150,000 health and wellness centres by 2022, provide affordable medicines, and promote digital health innovations.
Every part of Indian society, including the private sector, can support and strengthen these efforts and ensure that the government’s ambitions will produce results—even in times of emergency—for the betterment of the population, especially those belonging to marginalized communities or residing in remote areas. We need to be aware that these people are consumers, as articulated in the vision of business guru C.K. Prahalad: he noted that “businesses, governments and donor agencies should stop thinking of the poor as victims and instead be responsive to their needs, recognising them as creative, resilient and value-demanding consumers”.
Through our health camps and health education sessions, which are part of our Arogya Parivar programme in India, we continue to see evidence of that. However, those with the lowest incomes will, given awareness and the availability of low-cost treatments and diagnostics, be willing to invest in their health. Tapping the potential at the bottom of the pyramid is one of the best investments the government and the private sector alike can make. There is strong evidence that investment in health, particularly for the poorest, boosts worker productivity and contributes to higher levels of prosperity and child survival. Good-quality health services fuel economic growth.
Consider the story of Maurya. He tours rural India and gathers villagers in chaupals (community spaces) to deliver talks on health. As an arogya shikshak, he shows them visual storyboards and tells them stories, pointing them in the direction of a doctor who offers free diagnostics. He recently visited Dhaurahra, a village over 100 km away from Uttar Pradesh’s capital, Lucknow. This village is at the heart of India’s carpet-making region, where illnesses from respiratory disease to parasitical infections are common. But in such a rural region, access to timely diagnosis and treatment, though imperative, was hard to come by.
Nearby was Dr. Sonali, a volunteer providing tests and treatment to villagers. She and Dr. Ajit, her husband, tour the region to perform this work, helping empower those who may never have seen a doctor before in their life. Villagers are able to take charge of their health, understand the signs and symptoms of disease, and get the right medical attention. This is truly an affirmation of C.K. Prahalad’s vision.
The story of Maurya, of Dr. Sonali and Dr. Ajit and of the villagers they meet, is the story of everyone at Arogya Parivar as we have grown exponentially over the last twelve years. We have gone from 2 states to 13, from 18 workers to over 600, from 10 cells nationwide to 300. The next stage is moving from reliance on conventional outreach to new and innovative solutions in digital health, with which we expect to reach 15 million people across India.
Their stories are the stories of the over 50 million we have reached with health education, including 7 million in 2018 alone, and the over 2.5 million people who have availed direct health benefits as the scheme has expanded. Thanks to this collaboration of different actors in public health and health reform, public and private sector, these millions no longer have to rely on quack doctors or untested, potentially dangerous remedies.
Recognition of how these models encapsulate the wider potential of public-private partnerships is especially pressing at a time when the Government plans to raise spending on health to 2.5% of GDP and is encouraging state governments to spend 8% of their budgets or more on health by 2020.
Now is the time for scaling up such public-private collaboration to maximize the efficient use of resources. The challenges will not be resolved overnight but meaningful strides can and will be made if the government and private sector recognize that they themselves—and, indeed, patients—have much more to gain if they collaborate on practical solutions. Companies that undertake such missions can fulfil both its goals of commercial growth and social service, proving that profit and humanitarianism are not mutually exclusive but intertwined.
Ayushman Bharat has very ambitious aims. Amplifying success and outreach should involve maximizing the pool of expertise and resources available, both within the public and private sector. All companies in the healthcare sector should be keen to be a part of this—using our talents to complement government efforts to make access to health a reality for all Indians.

Directions (1-3) Choose the similar meaning
Q1. Borne
a)carry
b)admonish
c)rebuke
d)censure
e)overrun

Q2. Resilient
a)calm
b)visceral
c)tough
d)recurring
e)curtail

Q3. Parasitical
a)truncate
b)erase
c)print
d)bloodsucking
e)loom

Directions: (4-5) choose the opposite meaning
Q4. Exponentially
a)nice
b)decrease
c)fiery
d)give up
e)venture

Q5. Encapsulate
a)engraving
b)blaze
c)bland
d)remote
e)elongate

Direction (6-7): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence.
Q6. But in such a rural region, access to timely diagnosis and treatment, though imperative, was hard to come over.
a)to come over
b)to come for
c)to come by
d)to come
e)to come to

Q7. Recognition of how these models encapsulate the wider potential of public-private partnerships is especially pressing at a time when the Government plans to raise spending
a)are especially
b)is special
c)is especial
d)is specially
e)is especially

Directions (8-10): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 8 to 10. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning.
Nearby was Dr. Sonali, a …………8……….providing tests and treatment to villagers. She and Dr. Ajit, her husband, tour the region to perform this work, helping ………9……….. those who may never have seen a doctor before in their life. Villagers are able to take charge of their health, understand the signs and symptoms of disease, and get the right medical attention. This is truly an ………..10……….. of C.K. Prahalad’s vision.
Q8.
a)grave
b)indecorous
c)lucid
d)volunteer
e)aberration

Q9.
a)empower
b)potent
c)staid
d)earnest
e)clamor

Q10.
a)tarry
b)sojourn
c)affirmation
d)ineffective
e)competent

Directions (11-12): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or d) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.
Q11. Making it(a)/ possibly the world’s biggest(b)/ effort in expanding(c)/ access to healthcare(d)/(e)/
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Q12. Tapping the potential at the bottom(a)/ of the pyramid is one of the best investments(b)/ the government and (c)/the private sector alike can make(d)/(e)/
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Directions (13-15): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.
a) But in such a rural region, access to timely diagnosis and treatment, though imperative, was hard to come by.
b) He recently visited Dhaurahra, a village over 100 km away from Uttar Pradesh’s capital, Lucknow
c) This village is at the heart of India’s carpet-making region, where illnesses from respiratory disease to parasitical infections are common.
d) Consider the story of Maurya. He tours rural India and gathers villagers in chaupals (community spaces) to deliver talks on health.
e) As an arogya shikshak, he shows them visual storyboards and tells them stories, pointing them in the direction of a doctor who offers free diagnostics.
Q13. Which is the Second step after rearrangement?
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Q14. Which is the Third step after rearrangement?
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Q15. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Directions (16-17): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are four options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct.
Q16. Companies that undertake such missions can fulfil both its goals of commercial growth and social service, proving that profit and ………… are not mutually exclusive but intertwined.
a)drain
b)brace
c)humanitarianism
d)shun
e)incur

Q17. ……………. success and outreach should involve maximizing the pool of expertise and resources available, both within the public and private sector.
a)grid
b)inflexibility
c)demean
d)degrade
e)amplifying

Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.
Q18. According to passage health camps and health education sessions part of which program?
a)Arogya shikshak
b)Arogya Parivar
c)Ayushman Bharat
d)Digital health innovations
e)None of above

Q19. According to passage what is the plan of State government to raise spending on health?
a)2.5% of GDP
b)2.5 million
c)50 million
d)7 million
e)8% of state budgets

Q20. Which of the following statements is/are true in context of the passage above?
(I)Maurya is the Arogya shikshak for people
(II)Nearly two-thirds of hospitals, three-quarters of dispensaries and four-fifths of doctors are located in urban areas.
(III)Through our health camps and health education sessions, which are part of our Ayushman Bharat programme
a) Only (III)
b) Both (I) and (II)
c) Both (II) and (III)
d) All are correct
e) Only (II)

Answers With Explanation

Ans.1, a it means (of a person) carry.
Ans.2, c it means (of a person or animal) able to withstand or recover quickly from difficult conditions.
Ans.3, d it means adj of plants or persons; having the nature or habits of a parasite or leech; living off another.
Ans.4, b Exponentially means (with reference to an increase) more and more rapidly. Decrease means make or become smaller or fewer in size, amount, intensity, or degree.
Ans.5, e it means express the essential features of (something) succinctly. Elongate means to extend the length of.
Ans.6, c It is a phrasal verb which has two meanings
1) Make a visit
Come by means “to make a visit to someone,” as in these examples:

Why don’t you come by for dinner? (=come to my house for dinner)
Please come by my office after class. (=come to my office)
Get or acquire
Come by (something) means “to get or acquire,” as in these examples:

I asked him how he came by the money, but he wouldn’t tell me.
A good job is hard to come by. (=it’s hard to get a good job)
Ans.7, e use especially because there is a slight difference between them which is :
Especially and specially are adverbs.

Especially means ‘particularly’ or ‘above all’: Especially can also be used to mean ‘for a particular purpose’:
She loves flowers, especially roses.
We use specially to talk about the specific purpose of something:

This kitchen was specially designed to make it easy for a disabled person to use.
Ans.8, d it means a person who freely offers to take part in an enterprise or undertake a task.
Ans.9, a it means give (someone) the authority or power to do something.
Ans.10, c it means the action or process of affirming something.
Ans.11, e no error.
Ans.12, b use investments in place of investment. “One of my friend is from Italy.” There’s something that’s incorrect in this phrase.
It should be: “One of my friends is from Italy,” because I have many friends and one of them is from Italy.
You might think it’s strange to have “friends is” because “friends” is plural and “is” is the singular form, but actually it’s because the subject of this is one. “One of my friends is from Italy.”
If we didn’t have “one of,” then we would say, “My friends are from Italy.” But when using this structure, one of my friends, we have friends plural and “is” singular to match with the word “one.”
Ans.13, e is correct. Because the correct sequence is DEBCA.
Ans.14, b is correct.
Ans.15, c is correct.
Ans.16, c it means the promotion of human welfare.
Ans.17, e it means increase the volume of (sound), especially using an amplifier.
Ans.18, b according to passage b is correct.
Ans.19, e according to passage e is correct.
Ans.20, b according to passage b is correct.

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