Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- The Hindu 23/09/2019

The Hindu

Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- The Hindu 23/09/2019

These Questions Completely based on Single “The Hindu Editorial”. The purpose to start this is to make you read the same paragraph again and again to understand the different types of questions like comprehension, cloze test, sentence arrangement, sentence improvement, vocab, antonyms, synonyms, fillers (all based on single paragraph) etc. Reading this paragraph while practicing these questions will help you understand the meaning of the paragraph and also it will give you a deep insight about how they framed the paragraph and how to attempt questions properly. 

The Hindu Editorial : 23 September 2019

Title: Seeking to secure: on linking Aadhaar-GST registration

Subject: The move to link Aadhaar with GST registration is a tentative step in the right direction
Ever since the Centre and the States passed the landmark legislation in 2016 adopting a single countrywide Goods and Services Tax (GST), the federal council that is tasked with overseeing all the regulatory aspects of the indirect tax has had its hands full. From recommending the rates that could apply to various products and services, to deciding on what could be tax exempted, the GST Council has had the onerous task of laying out the policy framework for administering the tax in a manner that benefits all stakeholders – the governments, the consumers and the suppliers along the value chain.
Given the complexity of the legacy taxes that GST subsumed and replaced and the teething troubles of operating a new tax system, ensuring optimal outcomes has proved an abiding challenge. A significant concern relates to the loopholes that unscrupulous operators have sought to exploit, whereby revenue that ought to have accrued to the Centre and the States has leaked while allowing these elements to derive illicit profits.
And the scale of some has been breathtaking. Earlier this month, the Directorate General of GST Intelligence and the Directorate General of Revenue Intelligence conducted a pan-India joint operation, which saw about 1,200 officers simultaneously conducting searches at 336 different locations. In the process they unearthed a network of exporters and their suppliers who had connived to claim fraudulent refunds of Integrated GST, with more than ₹470 crore of input tax credit availed being based on non-existent entities or suppliers with fictitious addresses. A further ₹450 crore of IGST refund is also under review.
It is against the backdrop of such cases, and the fact that frauds totalling up to a staggering ₹45,682 crore have been detected since the roll-out of the tax in July 2017, that the GST Council has decided “in principle” to recommend linking Aadhaar with registration of taxpayers.
In its 37th meeting in Goa on Friday, the council also agreed to appraise the possibility of making the biometrics-based unique identifier mandatory for claiming refunds.
Already the GST Network — the information technology backbone on which the whole tax system runs — has made it mandatory for new dealers registering under the composition scheme for small businesses to either authenticate their Aadhaar or submit to physical verification of their business, starting January 2020.
The council too needs to follow the network’s lead and move swiftly to recommend mandatory linking for refunds, especially since that has proved to be the main source of most frauds. In a becalmed economy, neither the Centre nor States can afford to forego even a rupee of revenue that is due to the public coffers.
Directions (1-3) Choose the similar meaning
Q1. Tentative
a)endemic
b)fury
c)interlope
d)dilemma
e)poke

Q2. Exempted
a)spared
b)wrath
c)pry
d)meddle
e)shabby

Q3. Onerous
a)immaculate
b)heavy
c)grubby
d)sordid
e)squalid

Directions: (4-5) choose the opposite meaning
Q4. Mandatory
a)loads
b)discretionary
c)legion
d)sprinkle
e)cheer

Q5. Abiding
a)mourn
b)fault
c)ephemeral
d)reflective
e)astute

Direction (6-7): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence.
Q6. In a becalmed economy, neither the Centre or States can afford to forego even a rupee of revenue that is due to the public coffers.
a)Centre or States
b)Centre nor States
c)Centre, States
d)Centre and States
e)Centre of States

Q7. Goods and Services Tax (GST), the federal council that is tasked with overseeing all the regulatory aspects of the indirect tax has had its hands full.
a)tax has had
b)tax has
c)tax had
d)tax have
e)tax are

Directions (8-10): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 8 to 10. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning.
Earlier this month, the Directorate General of GST Intelligence and the Directorate General of Revenue Intelligence ………….8…………….. a pan-India joint operation, which saw about 1,200 officers ……………….9………… conducting searches at 336 different locations. In the process they unearthed a network of exporters and their suppliers who had connived to claim …………….10……… refunds of Integrated GST, with more than ₹470 crore of input tax credit availed being based on non-existent entities or suppliers with fictitious addresses.
Q8.
a)conducted
b)canny
c)naive
d)block
e)scupper

Q9.
a)ruin
b)revere
c)simultaneously
d)exalt
e)hallow

Q10.
a)bare
b)upturn
c)slacken
d)fraudulent
e)slump

Directions (11-12): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or d) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.
Q11.Since the Centre and the States passed the landmark(a)/ legislation in 2016 adopting a single countrywide Goods and Services Tax (GST)(b)/ the federal council that is tasked with(c)/ overseeing all the regulatory aspects of the indirect tax(d)/(e)
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Q12. GST Council has had the(a)/ onerous task of laying out the(b)/ policy framework for administering(c)/ the tax in a manner that benefits all stakeholders(d)/(e)/
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Directions (13-15): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.
a) Given the complexity of the legacy taxes that GST subsumed and replaced and the teething troubles of operating a new tax system, ensuring optimal outcomes has proved an abiding challenge.
b) And the scale of some has been breathtaking.
c) Whereby revenue that ought to have accrued to the Centre and the States has leaked while allowing these elements to derive illicit profits.
d) A significant concern relates to the loopholes that unscrupulous operators have sought to exploit.
e) Earlier this month, the Directorate General of GST Intelligence and the Directorate General of Revenue Intelligence.
Q13. Which is the Second step after rearrangement?
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Q14. Which is the Third step after rearrangement?
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Q15. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e

Directions (16-17): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are four options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct.
Q16. In a ……………… economy, neither the Centre nor States can afford to forego even a rupee of revenue that is due to the public coffers.
a)wild
b)flight
c)becalmed
d)rout
e)retreat

Q17. A significant concern relates to the ……………. that unscrupulous operators have sought to exploit.
a)allot
b)avert
c)stampede
d)rush
e)loopholes

Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.
Q18. According to passage how much money GST council has unearthed since the tax rolled out?
a)45,685 Cr
b)45,682 Cr
c)45,182 Cr
d)12000 Cr
e)336 Cr

Q19. According to passage in order to claim the funds what has decide in the 37th meeting in Goa?
a)appraise the possibility of making the biometrics-based unique identifier mandatory
b)new dealers registering under the composition scheme
c)The council too needs to follow the network’s lead and move swiftly to recommend mandatory linking for refunds,
d)in principle” to recommend linking Aadhaar with registration of taxpayers
e)all of above

Q20. Which of the following statements is/are true in context of the passage above?
(I)GST subsumed and replaced and the teething troubles of operating a new tax system, ensuring optimal outcomes has proved an abiding challenge.
(II)A further ₹450 crore of IGST refund is also under review.
(III)1,200 officers simultaneously conducting searches at 336 different locations.
a) Only (III)
b) Both (I) and (II)
c) Both (II) and (III)
d) All are correct
e) Only (I)

Answer With Explanation

Ans.1, d it means subject to further confirmation; not definitely.
Ans.2, a it means a free (a person or organization) from an obligation or liability imposed on others.
Ans.3, b it means (of a task or responsibility) involving a great deal of effort, trouble, or difficulty.
Ans.4, b Mandatory means enquired by law or mandate; compulsory. Discretionary means available for use at the discretion of the user.
Ans.5, c Abiding means (of a feeling or memory) lasting a long time; enduring. Ephemeral means lasting for a very short time.
Ans.6, b

Neither … nor
We can use neither as a conjunction with nor. It connects two or more negative alternatives. This can sound formal in speaking:

Neither Brian nor his wife mentioned anything about moving house. (Brian didn’t mention that they were moving house and his wife didn’t mention that they were moving house.)

Neither Italy nor France got to the quarter finals last year.
Ans.7, a In the present perfect, the auxiliary verb is always have (for I, you, we, they) or has (for he, she, it).
In the past perfect, the auxiliary verb is always had.
We use have had in the present perfect when the main verb is also “have”:
I’m not feeling well. I have had a headache all day.
Ans.8, a it means led by a guide; managed.
Ans.9, c it means at the same time.
Ans.10, d it means obtained, done by, or involving deception, especially criminal deception.
Ans.11, a Ever Since use in place of since.
Ever since is used when you want to emphasize that something has been true from “from that time to this”.The “ever” can suggest a continous thing and suggest against the possibily that something has happened only intermittently since:

Ever since we met, we have been been good friends.

His grandmother doesn’t go for walks on her own ever since she fell at the bus stop.
Ans.12, e no error.
Ans.13, d is correct. Because the correct sequence is ADCBE.
Ans.14, c is correct.
Ans.15, b is correct.
Ans.16, c it means unable to move through lack of wind.
Ans.17, e it means an ambiguity or inadequacy in the law or a set of rules.
Ans.18, b according to passage b is correct.
Ans.19, a according to passage a is correct.
Ans.20, d according to passage d is correct.

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