Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- The Hindu 19/09/2019

The Hindu

Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- The Hindu 19/09/2019

These Questions Completely based on Single “The Hindu Editorial”. The purpose to start this is to make you read the same paragraph again and again to understand the different types of questions like comprehension, cloze test, sentence arrangement, sentence improvement, vocab, antonyms, synonyms, fillers (all based on single paragraph) etc. Reading this paragraph while practicing these questions will help you understand the meaning of the paragraph and also it will give you a deep insight about how they framed the paragraph and how to attempt questions properly. 

The Hindu Editorial : 19 September 2019

Title: Dangerous vacuum: On detention of J&K leaders

Subject: If mainstream politicians are discredited in J&K, the space will be filled by secessionists
The detention of National Conference leader Farooq Abdullah under the Public Safety Act on Monday marks a new, dangerous low in the overreach of state power to curtail liberty in Kashmir. The 81-year old leader has been thrice Chief Minister, Union Minister and five times Member of Parliament. He is currently MP from Srinagar. His father and National Conference founder, Sheikh Abdullah, led Kashmir’s Muslim population in rejecting the two-nation theory that led to Partition and the formation of Pakistan in 1947. And his son, Omar Abdullah, former Chief Minister and Union Minister, is also under detention since August 5, when the Centre abrogated Article 370 through a controversial process, ended J&K’s relative autonomy and is reorganising it into two Union Territories. While the BJP and the Centre have claimed massive public support for these moves, the Kashmir Valley has been in shutdown since then. Despite his declining popularity in the Valley, Farooq Abdullah continued to argue that Kashmir’s destiny was with secular, pluralist India. To treat him as a threat to public safety is a travesty of justice and an assault on democratic principles.

The manner in which he was detained smacks of complete disregard for the rule of law and accountability. His detention, for 12 days, was announced hours before the Supreme Court was to consider MDMK chief Vaiko’s plea seeking a directive that Mr. Abdullah be produced before it. In Parliament last month, Home Minister Amit Shah had said the NC leader was not in detention but was staying at home on his own volition. The detention has now been legalised under a stringent law that allows limited remedies and could be extended to as long as two years. The moves to silence and humiliate Kashmir’s senior-most politician betrays a dangerous tactic of marginalising the moderate, mainstream politicians. Almost all Kashmir’s political leaders are in jail, including former Chief Minister and PDP leader Mehbooba Mufti and the IAS officer-turned-politician Shah Faesal. They have kept the political process alive in Kashmir against all odds, and despite threats even as some sections of the population remained aloof or hostile to India. The argument that Kashmiri politicians used the State’s special status to shield their corruption and nepotism is disingenuous, as these problems are endemic to Indian politics. The amorality of the government’s treatment of pro-India forces is certainly dispiriting, but dangerous is the vacuum this is creating. The void will be filled only by forces inimical to India, if the government removes politicians from public spaces by wrongly labelling them anti-India.

The Hindu

Directions (1-3) Choose the similar meaning
Q1. Abrogated
a)annulment
b)peel
c)document
d)all
e)None

Q2. Controversial
a)safety
b)contentious
c)reduction
d)wayward
e)None

Q3. Travesty
a)jeer
b)mock
c)quantum
d)parody
e)None

Directions: (4-5) choose the opposite meaning
Q4. Volition
a)acrobat
b)bound
c)compulsion
d)we wake
e)None

Q5. Betrays
a)topple
b)pothole
c)fidelity
d)all
e)None

Direction (6-7): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark “No Error” as your answer.
Q6. Despite his declining popularity in the Valley, Farooq Abdullah continued to argue that Kashmir’s destiny was with secular, pluralist India.
a)Despite his
b)Although his
c)inspite his
d)either his
e)None

Q7. While the BJP and the Centre have claimed massive public support for these moves, the Kashmir Valley has been in shutdown for then.
a)shutdown for then
b)shutdown Since then
c)shutdown till then
d)shutdown from then
e)None

Directions (8-10): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 8 to 10. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning. If none of the words given in options fits in, mark ‘None of these’ as your answer choice.
While the BJP and the Centre have claimed ………….8……….. public support for these moves, the Kashmir Valley has been in shutdown since then. Despite his …………….9……….. popularity in the Valley, Farooq Abdullah continued to argue that Kashmir’s …………10……….. was with secular, pluralist India. To treat him as a threat to public safety is a travesty of justice and an assault on democratic principles.
Q8.
a)massive
b)decent
c)loot
d)rant
e)None

Q9.
a)abuse
b)protect
c)declining
d)all
e)None

Q10.
a)screw
b)slacken
c)bungle
d)destiny
e)None

Directions (11-12): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or d) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.
Q11.The 81-year old(a)/ leader has being thrice(b)/ Chief Minister, Union Minister(c)/ and five times Member of Parliament(d)/(e)/
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e 

Q12. And his son, Omar Abdullah(a)/ former Chief Minister and Union(b)/ Minister, is also under detention since August 5(c)/ when the Centre abrogated Article 370(d)/(e)
a) a
b) b
c) c
d) d
e) e 

Directions (13-15): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.
a)The manner in which he was detained smacks of complete disregard for the rule of law and accountability.
b)The detention has now been legalised under a stringent law that allows limited remedies and could be extended to as long as two years.
c)In Parliament last month, Home Minister Amit Shah had said the NC leader was not in detention but was staying at home on his own volition.
d)His detention, for 12 days, was announced hours before the Supreme Court was to consider MDMK chief Vaiko’s plea seeking a directive that Mr. Abdullah be produced before it.
e) The moves to silence and humiliate Kashmir’s senior-most politician betrays a dangerous tactic of marginalising the moderate, mainstream politicians.
Q13. Which is the Second step after rearrangement?
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E 

Q14. Which is the Third step after rearrangement?
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E 

Q15. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E 

Directions (16-17): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are four options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. If none of the four words is your answer, choose option (e) as your answer choice.
Q16. The ……….. has now been legalised under a stringent law that allows limited remedies and could be extended to as long as two years.
a)stand
b)reserved
c)detention
d)remote
e)None

Q17. They have kept the political process alive in Kashmir against all odds, and despite threats even as some sections of the population remained ……………… or hostile to India.
a)realism
b)aloof
c)true
d)particularly
e)None

Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.
Q18. According to passage what is article 370?
a)India grants constituent power to make formal amendments
b)Directive Principles of State Policy
c)that empowered the Jammu and Kashmir state’s legislature
d)special status to Jammu and Kashmir
e)None

Q19. According to passage what argument Kashmiri politicians used the State’s special status?
a)to shield their corruption
b)nepotism is disingenuous
c)removes politicians from public spaces
d)both a & b
e)None

Q20. Which of the following statements is/are true in context of the passage above?
(I) Almost all Kashmir’s political leaders are in jail, including former Chief Minister
(II)Omar Abdullah is also not under detention since August 5
(III)Farooq Abdullah has been thrice Chief Minister
a) Only (III)
b) Both (I) and (II)
c) Both (I) and (III)
d) All are correct
e) None

Answers With Explanation

Ans.1, a it means the repeal or abolition of a law, right, or agreement.
Ans.2, b giving rise or likely to give rise to controversy or public disagreement.
Ans.3, d it means a false, absurd, or distorted representation of something.
Ans.4, c Volition means the faculty or power of using one’s will. Compulsion means the action or state of forcing or being forced to do something; constraint.
Ans.5, c Betray means expose (one’s country, a group, or a person) to danger by treacherously giving information to an enemy. fidelity means the quality of being faithful;
Ans.6, a In spite of’, ‘despite’ and ‘although’ are all used to show contrast and are used for the same meaning. The only difference is the way they are used; the structure in which they are used.
In spite of’ and ‘despite’ are placed in front of a noun or pronoun:
We had a great time in spite of the rain.
We had a great time despite the rain.
‘although’ is used in front of a subject and a verb:
We had a great time although it rained.
Ans.7, b We use since as a preposition, a conjunction and an adverb to refer to a time, and as a conjunction to introduce a reason.
Since: time
We use since to refer back to a previous point in time. We use since as a preposition with a date, a time or a noun phrase:
It was the band’s first live performance since May 1990. (since + date)
Ans.8, a it means large and heavy or solid.
Ans.9, c it means becoming smaller, fewer, or less; decreasing.
Ans.10, d it means the events that will necessarily happen to a particular person or thing in the future.
Ans.11, b use being in place of been. Been is used in sentences to outline some information about the subject, which is not present but from an earlier time. being is used when an action is going on in the present situation. Further, it also expresses the state of existing. Let’s take a look at these examples to understand the terms better:

Rahul has been late to the class today. He is being careless.
Ans.12 e no error.
Ans.13, d is correct. Correct sequence is ADCBE.
Ans.14, c is correct.
Ans.15, b is correct.
Ans.16, c it means the action of detaining someone or the state of being detained in official custody
Ans.17, b it means not friendly or forthcoming; cool and distant.
Ans.18, d according to passage d is correct.
Ans.19, d according to passage d is correct.
Ans.20, c according to passage c is correct.

 

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