Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- The Mint 16/09/2019

The Mint

Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- The Mint 16/09/2019

These Questions Completely based on Single “The Mint Editorial”. The purpose to start this is to make you read the same paragraph again and again to understand the different types of questions like comprehension, cloze test, sentence arrangement, sentence improvement, vocab, antonyms, synonyms, fillers (all based on single paragraph) etc. Reading this paragraph while practicing these questions will help you understand.

The Mint Editorial : 16 September 2019

Title: The futility of lashing out without listening

Subject: Social media lately has been full of jeers aimed at Union ministers for remarks related to the economy. It does our country no good to reduce real points of debate to petty squabbles

If you thought the “gotcha” instinct on social media could not get any worse, think again. Union ministers barely have to make a remark that’s at odds with conventional wisdom for them to find themselves trolled by tweets and WhatsApp forwards.
Anxiety over the economy may have much to do with it. Times are tough, and what ministers say naturally gets extra scrutiny. But should their words be plucked out of context and blown out of proportion? At a Board of Trade meeting last week, while arguing against the use of mathematical projections for reality checks on India’s goal of a $5 trillion economy by 2024-25, commerce and industry minister Piyush Goyal remarked that it wasn’t math that helped Einstein discover gravity.
This got jeers and laughs. Earlier, speaking of various factors behind falling vehicle sales, finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman referred to studies showing a shift in millennial mindsets away from car ownership toward the routine use of ride-hailing apps to get around.
Apart from consternation, it set off a merry-go-round of memes that made fun of India’s youth being blamed for the country’s economic woes. A bit of harmless humour should bother nobody, but to reduce a minister’s message to an easily pilloried sound bite is not just unfair, it could stultify the national discourse on serious matters if taken to extremes.
The burden of Goyal’s argument was that growth graphs do show inflexion points, and it’s self-belief that would help the economy achieve its goal, no matter how out of reach it looked at the moment. In other words, it was meant to be a pep talk.
As for the minister’s alleged gaffe on gravity, Einstein’s purported discovery of it did strike a strange note. Even school kids know the story of an apple falling on Newton’s head. But this tale is probably apocryphal. Also, while Newton was the first formal theorist of this natural force, much of Einstein’s work was indeed aimed at understanding gravity in extra-terrestrial contexts of the universe at large.
Goyal later clarified that he didn’t mean no math went into Einstein’s theory at all, but that credit for it was due to a leap of the mind—a discontinuity. Likewise, Sitharaman’s principal point was to highlight various trends that held car sales back, and it is true that a significant number of millennials prefer the convenience of cab services such as Ola and Uber, rather than having to service car loans and maintain their own vehicles.
Not everything spoken, even by someone in a position of authority, needs to meet academic standards of exactitude. Unfortunately, the urge to score political brownie points has reduced the leeway that simple courtesy would have us grant public speakers; and a controversy, once it starts trending, tends to assume a life of its own.
Hardening attitudes have begun to close avenues for real debates on critical issues. Some of the barbs aimed at ministers seem to stem from exasperation with their efforts—as construed—to duck hard questions over our faltering economy.
This could be why even stray comments are taken as waffle—or, worse, as insensitive. Recall how Congress leader Shashi Tharoor had to apologize as minister in 2009 for his “cattle class” jest. Like then, the economy has hit a rough patch. Like then, we’re all in it together—which is good reason to refrain from lashing out without listening.
Directions (1-3) Choose the similar meaning
Q1. Jeers
a)gelatinize
b)taunt
c)petrify
d)all
e)None

Q2. Scrutiny
a)ossify
b)crudle
c)cruelty
d)perusal
e)None

Q3. Pilloried
a)scene
b)shock
c)flay
d)all
e)None

Directions: (4-5) choose the opposite meaning
Q4. Stultify
a)exhilarate
b)solid
c)bolster
d)all
e)None

Q5. Gaffe
a)less
b)amenity
c)jiffy
d)all
e)None

Direction (6-7): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark “No Error” as your answer.
Q6. Union ministers barely have to make a remark that’s at odds with conventional wisdom for them to find themselves trolled by tweets and WhatsApp forwards.
a)that’s at odds
b)that’s odds
c)that’s the odds
d)that’s an odds
e)None

Q7. A bit harmless humour should bother nobody, but to reduce a minister’s message to an easily pilloried sound bite is not just unfair.
a)A bit harmless
b)A bit of harmless
c)A bit harm
d)A bit for harmless
e)None

Directions (8-10): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 8 to 10. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning. If none of the words given in options fits in, mark ‘None of these’ as your answer choice.
Some of the barbs aimed at ministers seem to stem from ………….8……….with their efforts—as construed—to duck hard questions over our …………9…….. economy. This could be why even ………….10……..comments are taken as waffle—or, worse, as insensitive. Recall how Congress leader Shashi Tharoor had to apologize as minister in 2009 for his “cattle class” jest. Like then, the economy has hit a rough patch.
Q8.
a)solidify
b)splurge
c)exasperation
d)all
e)None

Q9.
a)faltering
b)commence
c)slacken
d)all
e)None

Q10.
a)bungle
b)act
c)stray
d)all
e)None

Directions (11-12): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or d) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.
Q11. Time are tough(a)/ and what ministers(b)/ say naturally gets(c)/ extra scrutiny(d)/(e)/
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E

Q12. Apart from consternation(a) it set off a merry-go-round(b)/ of memes that made fun of India(C)/ youth being blamed for the country’s economic woes(d)/(e)
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E

Directions (13-15): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.
a) Earlier, speaking of various factors behind falling vehicle sales, finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman referred to studies showing a shift in millennial mindsets away from car ownership toward the routine use of ride-hailing apps to get around.
b) commerce and industry minister Piyush Goyal remarked that it wasn’t math that helped Einstein discover gravity.
c) This got jeers and laughs.
d) Times are tough, and what ministers say naturally gets extra scrutiny. But should their words be plucked out of context and blown out of proportion?
e) At a Board of Trade meeting last week, while arguing against the use of mathematical projections for reality checks on India’s goal of a $5 trillion economy by 2024-25.
Q13. Which is the Second step after rearrangement? 
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E

Q14. Which is the Third step after rearrangement?
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E

Q15. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E
Directions (16-17): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are four options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. If none of the four words is your answer, choose option (e) as your answer choice.
Q16. Apart from ……….16…….., it set off a merry-go-round of memes that made fun of India’s youth being blamed for the country’s economic woes.
a)tough
b)inure
c)bake
d)consternation
e)None

Q17. …………… attitudes have begun to close avenues for real debates on critical issues.
a)Hardening
b)stiffen
c)clot
d)all
e)None

Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.
Q18. According to passage what is the reason of failling demand in vehicle according to finanace minister?
a)growth graphs do show inflexion point
b)routine use of ride-hailing apps
c)shift in millennial mindsets
d)all of above
e)both b & c

Q19. According to passage on what is the meaning of the phrase Leap of Mind?
a)Begin one’s journey
b)Accomplish two things with the same effort
c)To appear in one’s thoughts
d)The entire thing, all of something
e)None

Q20. Which of the following statements is/are true in context of the passage above?
(I) India’s goal of a $5 trillion economy by 2024-25
(II)Nirmala Sitharaman referred to studies showing a shift in millennial mindsets away from car ownership
(III)Piyush Goyal remarked that it wasn’t math that helped Einstein discover gravity
a) Only (III)
b) Both (I) and (II)
c) Both (II) and (III)
d) All are correct
e) None

Answers With Explanation

Ans.1, b it means make rude and mocking remarks, typically in a loud voice.
Ans.2, d it means critical observation or examination.
Ans.3, c it means attack or ridicule publicly.
Ans.4, a Stultify means cause to lose enthusiasm and initiative, especially as a result of a tedious or restrictive routine. Exhilarate means make (someone) feel very happy, animated, or elated.
Ans.5, b Gaffe means an unintentional act or remark causing embarrassment to its originator; a blunder. Amenity means a desirable or useful feature or facility of a building or place.
Ans.6, a because it is a idiom. If someone is at odds with someone else, or if two people are at odds, they are disagreeing or quarrelling with each other. He was at odds with his Prime Minister.
Ans.7, b use a bit of. used to show that the way you describe something is only true to a limited degree
The news came as a bit of a shock.
I felt a bit of a fool.
Ans.8, c it means a feeling of intense irritation or annoyance.
Ans.9, a it means losing strength or momentum.
Ans.10, c it means move away aimlessly from a group or from the right course or place.
Ans.11, a use times in place of time.
I have been to Paris three times [ countable noun]
How many times have you been to Paris? [ countable noun]
It took me a lot of time to solve the problem. [ uncountable noun]
I don`t have much time to solve the problem. [ uncountable]
Ans.12, e no error.
Ans.13, e is correct. DEBCA is correct sequence.
Ans.14, b is correct.
Ans.15, a is correct.
Ans.16, d it means a feeling of anxiety or dismay, typically at something unexpected.
Ans.17, a it means make or become hard or harder.
Ans.18, e according to passage e is correct.
Ans.19, c according to passage c is correct.
Ans.20, d according to passage d is correct.

 

 

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