Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- The Hindu 14/09/2019

The Hindu

Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- The Hindu 14/09/2019

These Questions Completely based on Single “The Hindu Editorial”. The purpose to start this is to make you read the same paragraph again and again to understand the different types of questions like comprehension, cloze test, sentence arrangement, sentence improvement, vocab, antonyms, synonyms, fillers (all based on single paragraph) etc. Reading this paragraph while practicing these questions will help you understand.

The Hindu Editorial : 14 September 2019

Title : Bane of banners: On the menace of illegal hoardings

Subject: Illegal hoardings put up by politicians have become a threat to road users
The pervasive lack of governance in India’s cities has claimed the life of another citizen, this time in Chennai. A banner put up on a road divider by a functionary of the AIADMK to celebrate a wedding fell on a young woman riding a two-wheeler, sending her off-balance and under a tanker lorry. Subasri, 22, joins the list of hapless citizens whose lives were ended by civic neglect, police indifference, and, in Tamil Nadu especially, a political culture that dominates public spaces through exaggerated displays of cutouts, crude arches and flags at the cost of safety. Only two years ago, Raghu, a young engineer, died under similar circumstances in Coimbatore and another youth, Babu, was electrocuted in Udhagamandalam when he touched a party flag that was in contact with a wire; both instances involved ramshackle structures placed along roads. That political parties of all hues and motley groups see no need for restraint, even after many directions from the Madras High Court to stop endangering public safety goes to show that there are no serious consequences. Evidently, they are not persuaded by the orders issued in February this year by a division bench, impleading 11 political parties and reminding them of its many earlier orders that prohibit threats to public safety through banners and boards. The government must fix accountability and make individual members of the executive liable for lack of public safety.
There are disturbing aspects to the official response to the incident in Chennai, and the inquiry must go into the reported reluctance of the police to proceed against the AIADMK member who was responsible for the banners being put up. The Revenue Department and the local body must explain their failure to prohibit the dangerous structures, when there are clear orders in force, and acts of omission and commission should attract strong action. Even two years ago, the Madras High Court had ruled in a case that “the erection of arches, placards and display boards, banners with poles, etc., abutting into public streets and pavements, which obstruct free and safe movement of traffic or free and safe movement of pedestrians or obstructs visibility of drivers is patently illegal.” It is clear, therefore, that even where limited permissions could be given, the structures cannot affect public safety. Considering the long history of illegal political banners and religious displays, often involving theft of electricity, the court can bring about compliance with the law through a special panel, similar to the Supreme Court’s committee on road safety headed by a retired judge. Strong action is needed against recalcitrant politicians and lumpen groups who use banners as displays of power or fealty.

Directions (1-3) Choose the similar meaning
Q1. Ramshackle
a)decrepit
b)crude
c)hue
d)all
e)None

Q2. Electrocuted
a)melee
b)chaos
c)shock
d)all
e)None

Q3. Prohibit
a)frenzy
b)veto
c)ado
d)all
e)None

Directions: (4-5) choose the opposite meaning
Q4. Omission
a)racket
b)inclusion
c)tumult
d)all
e)None

Q5. Abutting
a)bane
b)costume
c)re curve
d)all
e)None

Direction (6-7): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark “No Error” as your answer.
Q6. Abutting in public streets and pavements, which obstruct free and safe movement of traffic or free and safe movement of pedestrians.
a)Abutting in public
b)Abutting into public
c)Abutting public
d)Abutting by public
e)None

Q7. It is clear, therefore, that even where limited permissions could be given, the structures cannot affect public safety.
a)since, that
b)with, that
c)that
d)therefore, that
e)None

Directions (8-10): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 8 to 10. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning. If none of the words given in options fits in, mark ‘None of these’ as your answer choice.
………….8………… the long history of illegal political banners and religious displays, often involving theft of electricity, the court can bring about ……….9………..with the law through a special panel, similar to the Supreme Court’s committee on road safety headed by a retired judge. Strong action is needed against ………..10………. politicians and lumpen groups who use banners as displays of power or fealty.
Q8.
a)Considering
b)lumpen
c)safe
d)all
e)None

Q9.
a)daub
b)costume
c)compliance
d)joist
e)None

Q10.
a)jester
b)prism
c)kaleidoscopic
d)recalcitrant
e)None

Directions (11-12): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or d) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.
Q11. A banner put up on a road(a)/ divider by a functionary(b)/ of the AIADMK to celebrate a(c)/ wedding fell on a young woman(d)/
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E

Q12. Only two years since, Raghu, a young engineer(a)/ died under similar circumstances(b)/ in Coimbatore and another youth, Babu(c)/ was electrocuted in Udhagamandalam
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E

Directions (13-15): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.
a) Abutting into public streets and pavements, which obstruct free and safe movement of traffic or free and safe movement of pedestrians or obstructs visibility of drivers is patently illegal.
b) The Revenue Department and the local body must explain their failure to prohibit the dangerous structures, when there are clear orders in force, and acts of omission and commission should attract strong action.
c) Even two years ago, the Madras High Court had ruled in a case that “the erection of arches, placards and display boards, banners with poles, etc.
d) There are disturbing aspects to the official response to the incident in Chennai, and the inquiry must go into the reported reluctance of the police to proceed against the AIADMK member.
e) who was responsible for the banners being put up.
Q13. Which is the Second step after rearrangement? 
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E

Q14. Which is the Third step after rearrangement?
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E

Q15. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E

Directions (16-17): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are four options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. If none of the four words is your answer, choose option (e) as your answer choice.
Q16. The government must fix …………. and make individual members of the executive liable for lack of public safety.
a)disparate
b)accountability
c)mixed
d)all
e)None

Q17. That political parties of all hues and ………. groups see no need for restraint, even after many directions from the Madras High Court to stop endangering public safety goes to show that there are no serious consequences
a)motley
b)
c)
d)
e)None

Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.
Q18. According to passage what is the Madras High Court order about the erection of arches, placards and display boards, banners with poles?
a)banners do not places abutting to street
b)boards do not place near the pavement
c)obstructs visibility of drivers is patently illegal
d)all of above
e)None

Q19. According to passage on special panel, similar to the Supreme Court’s committee on road safety headed by who?
a)recalcitrant politicians
b)retired judge
c)The Revenue Department
d)all of above
e)None

Q20. Which of the following statements is/are true in context of the passage above?
(I)The government must fix accountability and make individual members of the executive liable for lack of public safety.
(II)political parties of all hues and motley groups see no need for restraint
(III)Evidently, they are not persuaded by the orders issued in February this year by a division bench, impleading 12 political parties and reminding them of its many earlier orders
a) Only (III)
b) Both (I) and (II)
c) Both (II) and (III)
d) All are incorrect
e) None

Answers With Explanation

Ans.1, a it means (especially of a house or vehicle) in a state of severe disrepair.
Ans.2, c it means injure or kill (someone) by electric shock.
Ans.3, b it means formally forbid (something) by law, rule, or other authority.
Ans.4, b Omission means someone or something that has been left out or excluded.
Inclusion It means Addition to something.
Ans.5, c Abutting means (of a building or an area of land) be next to or have a common boundary with. Re curve means bend backwards.
Ans.6, b into is a preposition that means to the inside or interior of. Into indicates movement or some type of action that is taking place.

After a long night, she crawled into her bed to go to sleep.
He threw the note into the fire.
Use in to, two words, when in is part of a verb phrase. In instances when in is part of the verb, it is acting as an adverb and to is either a preposition, which takes an object, or part of an infinitive, such as to run. For example,

The firefighter ran back in to save the girl. (To is part of the infinitive here.)
Ans.7, d begin a sentence with Therefore. We can also use it after commas in a sentence.

For example, which is correct?

She had previous experience, therefore she seemed the best candidate.

She had previous experience. Therefore, she seemed the best candidate.
Ans.8, a it means think carefully about (something), typically before making a decision.
Ans.9, c it means the action or fact of complying with a wish or command.
Ans.10, d it means having an obstinately uncooperative attitude towards authority or discipline.
Ans.11, e no error.
Ans.12, a use ago in place of since.
Since is used when we talk about the beginning of an action:
She has been writing a letter since 2.30 pm
She has been writing a book since last April
Ago is used when we talk about the moment when the action started:
She worked 2 days ago
Ans.13, e is correct. Because the correct sequence is DEBCA.
Ans.14, b is correct.
Ans.15, c is correct.
Ans.16, b it means the fact or condition of being accountable; responsibility.
Ans.17, a it means incongruously varied in appearance or character; disparate.
Ans.18, d according to passage d is correct.
Ans.19, b according to passage d is correct.
Ans.20, b according to passage b is correct.

 

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