Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- Business Line 13/09/2019

Business Line

Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- Business Line 13/09/2019

These Questions Completely based on Single “Business Line Editorial”. The purpose to start this is to make you read the same paragraph again and again to understand the different types of questions like comprehension, cloze test, sentence arrangement, sentence improvement, vocab, antonyms, synonyms, fillers (all based on single paragraph) etc. Reading this paragraph while practicing these questions will help you understand.

Business Line Editorial : 13 September 2019

Title:  All you wanted to know about the new Motor Vehicles Act

In the last one week, a lot of things have changed for motorists plying on Indian roads. With the Motor Vehicles Act 2019 coming into effect from September 1, the going has gotten difficult for those breaking traffic rules. From higher penalties for driving errors to imprisonment up to one month for racing and speeding; and up to six months for offences relating to accidents, the new Act is bringing back things in order by instilling fear.
The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2019 is based on the recommendations of the Group of Transport Ministers of States. Given that the Act wanted to deter individuals from violating traffic rules, it has introduced heavy fines for drunken driving, driving without licence, dangerous driving, over-speeding, etc. These penalties will be increasing by 10 per cent every year on April 1, as notified by the Central government.
The new Act has also extended the period for renewal of driving licences from one month to one year after the date of expiry. Only if the renewal delayed more than a year, will the driver have to undergo a test of competence. The Act also promises to protect those people who render emergency medical or non-medical assistance to a victim of an accident, from any civil or criminal liability. The minimum compensation for death or grievous injury due to hit and run has been moved up substantially.
In 2017, as per data by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, there had occured 4.64 lakh accidents that claimed lives of 1.47 lakh people.Two-wheelers accounted for over a third of all road accidents. Slowly, as all States begin implementing the provisions of the Act with heftier fines and imprisonment for drunken driving, driving without licence and insurance and juvenile offences, people may start to follow rules and road accidents may actually reduce.
In the last one week itself, there has been a rush among motorists to renew their lapsed insurance policies, according to data from the largest online insurance aggregator.
A valid motor insurance is important so that the aggrieved parties in a road accident get compensation.
However, note that given that it is only a model Act, State governments are free to make their own laws and rules. Success depends on how far states enforce the provisions of the Act.
Not following the traffic and road safety rules as per the Act will burn a hole in your pocket. For not wearing a helmet, the fine has increased from ₹100 to ₹1,000, plus a three-month disqualification of licence. For not wearing a seatbelt, the penalty is now ₹1,000. For speeding or racing, the fine has increased from ₹500 to ₹5,000 and for drunken driving from ₹2,000 to ₹10,000. The fine for driving without a valid licence is now ₹5,000.
Besides higher penalty, the new Act also includes imprisonment for severe crimes. Speed racing can attract imprisonment for three months (with or without a fine); this will extend to a period of one year if caught for the second time.
For offences by juveniles, the guardian or owner of the vehicle shall be deemed to be guilty and punished with a ₹25,000-fine and three years’ imprisonment. The juvenile would be tried under Juvenile Justice Act, 2000 and the registration of motor vehicle will be cancelled for a period of 12 months.
The owner of a motor vehicle who alters it by way of retrofitting of motor vehicle parts in a manner not permitted under the Act shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months (and/or with fine of ₹5,000 per such alteration).
‘Alert today, alive tomorrow’ – goes the popular saying. With the new Act, it is: ‘Be alert to rules, to save your pocket’.

Directions (1-3) Choose the similar meaning
Q1. Deter
a)process
b)elongate
c)dissuade
d)all
e)None

Q2. Heftier
a)curtail
b)protract
c)gaunt
d)burly
e)None

Q3. Juvenile
a)pubescent
b)brittle
c)grim
d)all
e)None

Directions: (4-5) choose the opposite meaning
Q4. Imprisonment
a)evoke
b)emancipation
c)tendency
d)all
e)None

Q5. Retrofitting
a)mend
b)convalesce
c)hurt
d)dismantle
e)None

Direction (6-7): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark “No Error” as your answer.
Q6. Besides higher penalty, the new Act also includes imprisonment for severe crimes.
a)Besides higher
b)Beside higher
c)In spite higher
d)Instead higher
e)None

Q7. The owner of a motor vehicle whom alters it by way of retrofitting of motor vehicle parts in a manner not permitted under the Act shall be punished.
a)him alters
b)he alters
c)who alters
d)whom alter
e)None

Directions (8-10): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 8 to 10. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning. If none of the words given in options fits in, mark ‘None of these’ as your answer choice.
For offences by juveniles, the …………..8………. or owner of the vehicle shall be deemed to be guilty and punished with a ₹25,000-fine and three years’ imprisonment. The juvenile would be tried under Juvenile Justice Act, 2000 and the…………9……….. of motor vehicle will be cancelled for a period of 12 months. The owner of a motor vehicle who …………..10………. it by way of retrofitting of motor vehicle parts in a manner not permitted under the Act shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months (and/or with fine of ₹5,000 per such alteration).
Q8.
a)refractory
b)compliant
c)amenable
d)guardian
e)None

Q9.
a)ghastly
b)registration
c)pleasant
d)all
e)None

Q10.
a)alters
b)recuperation
c)decay
d)all
e)None

Directions (11-12): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or d) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.
Q11. In the last one week(a)/, a lots of things have(b)/ changed for motorists(c)/ plying on Indian roads(d)/(e)/
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E

Q12. Only if the renewal(a)/ delayed more than a year(b)/ will the driver have(c)/ to undergo a test of competence(d)/(e)/
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E

Directions (13-15): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.
a) In the last one week itself, there has been a rush among motorists to renew their lapsed insurance policies, according to data from the largest online insurance aggregator.
b) For drunken driving, driving without licence and insurance and juvenile offences, people may start to follow rules and road accidents may actually reduce.
c) In 2017, as per data by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, there had occured 4.64 lakh accidents that claimed lives of 1.47 lakh people.
d) Two-wheelers accounted for over a third of all road accidents. Slowly, as all States begin implementing the provisions of the Act with heftier fines and imprisonment.
e) A valid motor insurance is important so that the aggrieved parties in a road accident get compensation.
Q13. Which is the Second step after rearrangement? 
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E

Q14. Which is the Third step after rearrangement?
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E

Q15. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E
Directions (16-17): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are four options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. If none of the four words is your answer, choose option (e) as your answer choice.
Q16. In the last one week itself, there has been a rush among motorists to renew their ………….. insurance policies.
a)descent
b)lapsed
c)rally
d)all
e)None

Q17. A valid motor insurance is important so that the aggrieved parties in a road accident get …………..
a)modest
b)cavalier
c)compensation
d)all
e)None

Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.
Q18. According to New amendment bill what is fine for not wearing a helmet?
a)100
b)1000
c)5000
d)500
e)None

Q19. According to passage how many death occurred in India in 2017 by Ministry of Road Transport and Highways?
a)4.64 lakh
b)44 lakh
c)1.47 lakh
d)2 lakh
e)None

Q20. Which of the following statements is/are true in context of the passage above?
(I) For drunken driving fine has been increased from ₹2,000 to ₹10,000
(II) Besides higher penalty, the new Act also includes imprisonment for severe crimes
(III) The juvenile would be tried under Juvenile Justice Act, 2000
a) Only (III)
b) Both (I) and (II)
c) Both (II) and (III)
d) All are correct
e) None

Answers With Explanation

Ans.1, c it means discourage (someone) from doing something by instilling doubt or fear of the consequences.
Ans.2, d it means large and heavy.
Ans.3, a it means for or relating to young people.
Ans.4, b Imprisonment means the state of being imprisoned; captivity. Emancipation means the fact or process of being set free from legal, social, or political restrictions; liberation.
Ans.5, d Refrofit means add (a component or accessory) to something that did not have it when manufactured. Dismantle means take (a machine or structure) to pieces.
Ans.6, a it means Beside is a preposition. It means ‘at the side of’ or ‘next to’. It is rather formal:

He would like to take a photograph of us. Would you come and sit beside me?
Besides
Besides is a preposition or a linking adverb. It means ‘in addition to’ or ‘also’:

What other types of music do you like besides classical?
Ans.7, c use who in place of whom Whom should be used to refer to the object of a verb or preposition. When in doubt, try this simple trick: If you can replace the word with “he”’ or “’she,” use who. If you can replace it with “him” or “her,” use whom.

Who should be used to refer to the subject of a sentence.
Whom should be used to refer to the object of a verb or preposition.
Ans.8, d it means a person who protects or defends something.
Ans.9, b it means the action or process of registering or of being registered.
Ans.10, a it means change in character or composition, typically in a comparatively small but significant way.
Ans.11, b use a lot of, Both expressions are used in English and have the same meaning. a lot of and lots of have the same meaning: they both mean a large amount or number of people or things.
They are both used before countable nouns and uncountable nouns:
with countable nouns:
A lot of people went to the game.
Lots of people went to the game.
Ans.12, a use only if in place of only. ‘Only if’ means ‘only one condition happens”. This form basically means the same as ‘if’. The main emphasis is on the result.
You can go out only if you do your homework.
Here, there is just a condition of doing homework. Then, he can go out. If he doesn’t do his homework, he cannot go out.
When ‘only if’ begins the sentence you need to invert the main clause.
Only if you study hard can you be successful.
(You can be successful only if you study hard)
Ans.13, d is correct. CDBAE is correct sequence.
Ans.14, b is correct.
Ans.15, a is correct.
Ans.16, b it means no longer valid; expired. Or no longer following the rules and practices of a religion or doctrine; non-practising.
Ans.17, c it means something, typically money, awarded to someone in recognition of loss, suffering, or injury.
Ans.18, b according to passage b is correct.
Ans.19, c according to passage c is correct.
Ans.20, d according to passage d is correct.

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