Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- The Hindu 11/09/2019

The Hindu

Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- The Hindu 11/09/2019

These Questions Completely based on Single “The Hindu Editorial”. The purpose to start this is to make you read the same paragraph again and again to understand the different types of questions like comprehension, cloze test, sentence arrangement, sentence improvement, vocab, antonyms, synonyms, fillers (all based on single paragraph) etc. Reading this paragraph while practicing these questions will help you understand.

The Hindu Editorial : 11 September 2019

Title: Factoring in safety: on stronger worker safety law

Subject: Major industrial accidents point to the need for a stronger worker safety law
India’s record in promoting occupational and industrial safety remains weak even with years of robust economic growth. Making work environments safer is a low priority, although the productivity benefits of such investments have always been clear.
The consequences are frequently seen in the form of a large number of fatalities and injuries, but in a market that has a steady supply of labour, policymakers tend to ignore the wider impact of such losses.
It will be no surprise, therefore, if the deaths of four people, including a senior officer, in a fire at the Oil and Natural Gas Corporation gas facility in Navi Mumbai, or the tragedy that killed nearly two dozen people at a firecracker factory in Batala, Punjab are quickly forgotten.
Such incidents make it imperative that the Central government abandon its reductionist approach to the challenge, and engage in serious reform. There is not much evidence, however, of progressive moves. The Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2019, introduced in the Lok Sabha in July to combine 13 existing laws relating to mines, factories, dock workers, building and construction, transport workers, inter-State migrant labour and so on, pays little attention to the sector-specific requirements of workers.
One of its major shortcomings is that formation of safety committees and appointment of safety officers, the latter in the case of establishments with 500 workers, is left to the discretion of State governments. Evidently, the narrow stipulation on safety officers confines it to a small fraction of industries.
On the other hand, the Factories Act currently mandates appointment of a bipartite committee in units that employ hazardous processes or substances, with exemptions being the exception. This provision clearly requires retention in the new Code.
A safe work environment is a basic right, and India’s recent decades of high growth should have ushered in a framework of guarantees.
Unfortunately, successive governments have not felt it necessary to ratify many fundamental conventions of the International Labour Organization (ILO) covering organised and unorganised sector workers’ safety, including the Occupational Safety and Health Convention, 1981.
Those ILO instruments cover several areas of activity that the NDA government’s occupational safety Code now seeks to amalgamate, but without the systemic reform that is necessary to empower workers.
It is essential, therefore, that the new Code go back to the drawing board for careful scrutiny by experienced parliamentarians, aided by fresh inputs from employees, employers and experts.
Industries that use hazardous processes and chemicals deserve particular attention, and the Code must have clear definitions, specifying limits of exposure for workers.
Compromising on safety can lead to extreme consequences that go beyond factories, and leave something that is etched in the nation’s memory as in the case of the Bhopal gas disaster.
Directions (1-3) Choose the similar meaning
Q1. Robust
a)sturdy
b)blithe
c)commotion
d)all
e)None

Q2. Steady
a)rugged
b)dependable
c)shaken
d)all
e)None

Q3. Abandon
a)rigid
b)desert
c)secure
d)all
e)None

Directions: (4-5) choose the opposite meaning
Q4. Discretion
a)huge
b)allocation
c)in caution
d)all
e)None

Q5. Convention
a)cacophony
b)discord
c)circumspection
d)all
e)None

Direction (6-7): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark “No Error” as your answer.
Q6. Or the tragedy that killed nearly two dozen people at a firecracker factory in Batala, Punjab are quickly forgotten.
a)dozen people
b)a dozen people
c)two dozen people
d)two dozens people
e)None

Q7. Such as incidents make it imperative that the Central government abandon its reductionist approach to the challenge, and engage in serious reform.
a)Such as incidents
b)Such incidents
c)Such an incident
d)Such a incidents
e)None

Directions (8-10): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 8 to 10. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning. If none of the words given in options fits in, mark ‘None of these’ as your answer choice.
Industries that use …………8………processes and chemicals deserve particular attention, and the Code must have clear definitions, specifying limits of ……….9……… for workers. Compromising on safety can lead to extreme ………..10……… that go beyond factories, and leave something that is etched in the nation’s memory as in the case of the Bhopal gas disaster.
Q8.
a)memory
b)disaster
c)hazardous
d)all
e)None

Q9.
a)exposure
b)interdict
c)splurge
d)slacken
e)None

Q10.
a)novel
b)consequences
c)daub
d)exposure
e)None

Directions (11-12): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or d) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.
Q11. It is essential,(a)/ that the new Code go back to(b)/ the drawing board for(c)/ careful scrutiny by experienced parliamentarians(d)/(e)/
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E

Q12. One of its major shortcomings(a)/ is that formation of safety(b)/ committees and appointment(c)/ of safety officers(d)/(e)/
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E

Directions (13-15): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.
a) The Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2019, introduced in the Lok Sabha in July to combine 13 existing laws relating to mines, factories, dock workers, building and construction, transport workers, inter-State migrant labour and so on.
b) One of its major shortcomings is that formation of safety committees and appointment of safety officers, the latter in the case of establishments with 500 workers, is left to the discretion of State governments.
c) Evidently, the narrow stipulation on safety officers confines it to a small fraction of industries.
d) Pays little attention to the sector-specific requirements of workers.
e) On the other hand, the Factories Act currently mandates appointment of a bipartite committee in units that employ hazardous processes or substances, with exemptions being the exception.
Q13. Which is the Second step after rearrangement? 
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E

Q14. Which is the Third step after rearrangement?
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E

Q15. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E

Directions (16-17): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are four options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. If none of the four words is your answer, choose option (e) as your answer choice.
Q16. A safe work environment is a basic right, and India’s recent decades of high growth should have …………. in a framework of guarantees.
a)immense
b)collaboration
c)basis
d)ushered
e)None

Q17. Unfortunately, successive governments have not felt it necessary to ratify many ………….. conventions of the International Labour Organization (ILO).
a)fundamental
b)ratification
c)refer
d)nuisance
e)None

Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.
Q18. According to passage which kind of Industries and deserve particular attention?
a)that use hazardous processes
b)that use hazardous processes chemicals
c)those which Compromising on safety
d)both a & b
e)None

Q19. According to passage on why India’s record in promoting occupational and industrial safety remains weak?
a)work environments safer is a low priority
b)increasing number of fatalities and injuries
c)Central government abandon its reductionist approach
d)all of above
e)None

Q20. Which of the following statements is/are true in context of the passage above?
(I)The Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2019, introduced in the Lok Sabha in July to combine 13 existing laws
(II)Evidently, the narrow stipulation on safety officers confines it to a small fraction of industries
(III)deaths of four people, including a senior officer, in a fire at the Oil and Natural Gas Corporation gas facility in Navi Mumbai
a) Only (III)
b) Both (I) and (II)
c) Both (II) and (III)
d) All are correct
e) None

Answers With Explanation

Ans.1, a it means strong and healthy; vigorous.
Ans.2, b it means firmly fixed, supported, or balanced; not shaking or moving.
Ans.3, b it means cease to support or look after (someone); desert.
Ans.4, c Discretion means the quality of behaving or speaking in such a way as to avoid causing offence or revealing confidential information. In caution means failure to heed potential problems or risks.
Ans.5, b Convention means a way in which something is usually done. Discord meaning disagreement between people.
Ans.6, c Dozen is a collective noun, like committee. Collective nouns name groups of people or items. If the group is seen as identical or as acting in unison, the noun is treated as singular. If individuals in the group do not act in unison, the collective noun is treated as plural.The same rule applies to dozen. If dozen is regarded as a group of undifferentiated items, it takes a singular verb and singular pronouns. If dozen refers to a collection of individual persons or things, it takes a plural verb and pronouns.
s in these examples:

Here is a dozen top aquariums around the country.

Here is a dozen resources for every student.
Ans.7, b When you want to give an example for something you are writing about, you might use “like” as a conjunction.

GDP in developing countries like Vietnam will continue growing at a high rate.
In professional writing, however, you could use the phrase “such as” because it sounds more formal.

GDP in developing countries such as Vietnam will continue growing at a high rate.
Ans.8, c it means a danger or risk.
Ans.9, a it means the state of having no protection from something harmful.
Ans.10, b it means a result or effect, typically one that is unwelcome or unpleasant.
Ans.11, a use therefore after essential. Therefore” is a conjunctive adverb that you can use as a transition word in sentences and paragraphs. It shows cause and effect between independent clauses, so it cannot be used to start a paragraph or included as part of a standalone sentence. If you would like to use “therefore” in your writing, there are several things to remember to ensure that you are using it correctly.
Ans.12, e no error.
Ans.13, d is correct. Because the correct sequence is ADBCE.
Ans.14, b is correct.
Ans.15, c is correct.
Ans.16, d it means show or guide (someone) somewhere.
Ans.17, a it means forming a necessary base or core; of central importance.
Ans.18, d according to passage d is correct.
Ans.19, a according to passage a is correct.
Ans.20, d according to passage d is correct.

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