Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- The Hindu 09/09/2019

The Hindu

Everything From A Single Para English Aptitude Test- The Hindu 09/09/2019

These Questions Completely based on Single “The Hindu Editorial”. The purpose to start this is to make you read the same paragraph again and again to understand the different types of questions like comprehension, cloze test, sentence arrangement, sentence improvement, vocab, antonyms, synonyms, fillers (all based on single paragraph) etc. Reading this paragraph while practicing these questions will help you understand.

The Hindu Editorial : 09 September 2019

Subject: So close, yet so far: On Chandrayaan 2 lander debacle

Title: Chandrayaan 2 might have failed in an objective, but the mission itself is not a failure
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) came tantalisingly close to creating history in the early hours of September 7 when the robotic lander Vikram followed the predetermined descent trajectory and came just within 2 km of the lunar surface before contact was lost.
While it is unfortunate that the lander failed to safely touchdown, it is apt to remember that ISRO was attempting powered landing for the first time. To put it in perspective, there have been 38 attempts so far by other countries to land a rover on the moon and have succeeded only a little more than half the time. This April, Israel’s Beresheet lunar lander crashed to the lunar surface.
But early January this year, China’s Chang’e-4 touched down on the lunar far side and deployed the Yutu-2 rover to explore the South Pole-Aitken basin. In Vikram, the velocity was successfully reduced from about 6,000 km per hour at the start of the descent at 35 km altitude to a few metres per second before communication snapped. That strongly indicates that powered landing went as per plan till about 2 km altitude from the lunar surface.
While the powered landing of Vikram and exploration of the moon’s surface for 14 earth days by the Pragyan rover were one of the main objectives of Chandrayaan 2, it is wrong to think that the mission itself has failed.
On the contrary, 90-95% of the mission objectives have already been “accomplished”. The orbiter is safe in the intended orbit around the moon. And with the “precise launch and mission management”, its life span will extend to almost seven years.
Carrying eight of the 13 payloads, the orbiter will spend the next nearly seven years making high-resolution maps of the lunar surface, mapping the minerals, understanding the moon’s evolution, and most importantly looking for water molecules in the polar regions.
Some of the impact craters in the South Pole are permanently shadowed from sunlight and could be ideal candidate sites to harbour water. Water on the moon would, in principle, be used for life support and manufacturing rocket fuel.
With the U.S. wanting to send astronauts to the South Pole by 2024, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), in particular, will be keen on data from the Chandrayaan 2 orbiter. The ISRO’s Moon Impact Probe and NASA’s Moon Mineralogy Mapper on board Chandrayaan 1 had already provided evidence of the presence of water in the thin atmosphere of the moon, on the surface and below.
A NASA study last year found regions, within 20° of each pole in general and within 10° in particular, showed signs of water. The Chandrayaan 2 orbiter will now possibly reconfirm the presence of water on the moon.

Directions (1-3) Choose the similar meaning
Q1. Exploration
a)mishmash
b)sequence
c)probe
d)all
e)None

Q2. Tantalisingly
a)jumble
b)tempting
c)farrago
d)all
e)None

Q3. Perspective
a)stance
b)ravel
c)roaring
d)all
e)None

Directions: (4-5) choose the opposite meaning
Q4. Permanently
a)provisionally
b)clangorous
c)restriction
d)all
e)None

Q5. Span
a)blockade
b)dull
c)gloomy
d)extreme
e)None

Direction (6-7): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct. Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark “No Error” as your answer.
Q6. Water over the moon would, in principle, be used for life support and manufacturing rocket fuel.
a)Water above the
b)Water over the
c)Water on the
d)Water in the
e)None

Q7. Some of the impact craters in the South Pole are permanently shadowed from sunlight and could be ideal candidate sites to harbour water.
a)Some of impact crater
b)Some of the impact crater
c)Some impact craters
d)of the impact craters
e)None

Directions (8-10): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 8 to 10. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning. If none of the words given in options fits in, mark ‘None of these’ as your answer choice.
To put it in …………8………, there have been 38 attempts so far by other countries to land a rover on the moon and have succeeded only a little more than half the time. This April, Israel’s Beresheet lunar lander crashed to the lunar surface. But early January this year, China’s Chang’e-4 touched down on the lunar far side and ……….9………. the Yutu-2 rover to explore the South Pole-Aitken basin. In Vikram, the ……..10……….. was successfully reduced from about 6,000 km per hour at the start of the descent at 35 km altitude to a few metres per second before communication snapped.
Q8.
a)soothe
b)cipher
c)zip
d)perspective
e)None

Q9.
a)zilch
b)deployed
c)nil
d)all
e)None

Q10.
a)velocity
b)aught
c)proscription
d)all
e)None

Directions (11-12): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or d) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.
Q11. To put it in perspective, there have been(a)/ 38 attempts so far by other(b)/ countries to land a rover on the moon and(c)/ have succeeded only little more than half the time(d)/(e)/
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E

Q12. Some of the impact craters(a)/ in the South Pole are permanently(b)/ shadowed from sunlight and could be (c)/ideal candidate sites to harbour water(d)/(e)/
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E

Directions (13-15): Rearrange the following sentences (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.
a)The Chandrayaan 2 orbiter will now possibly reconfirm the presence of water on the moon.
b)The ISRO’s Moon Impact Probe and NASA’s Moon Mineralogy Mapper on board Chandrayaan 1 had already provided evidence of the presence of water in the thin atmosphere of the moon, on the surface and below.
c)A NASA study last year found regions, within 20° of each pole in general and within 10° in particular, showed signs of water.
d)With the U.S. wanting to send astronauts to the South Pole by 2024, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), in particular, will be keen on data from the Chandrayaan 2 orbiter.
e)Water on the moon would, in principle, be used for life support and manufacturing rocket fuel.
Q13. Which is the Second step after rearrangement? 
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E

Q14. Which is the Third step after rearrangement?
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E

Q15. Which is the Fourth step after rearrangement?
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E

Directions (16-17): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are four options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. If none of the four words is your answer, choose option (e) as your answer choice.
Q16. The orbiter is safe in the ……………… orbit around the moon.
a)veto
b)attenuation
c)intended
d)all
e)None

Q17. Some of the impact craters in the South Pole are permanently shadowed from sunlight and could be ideal candidate sites to ……………… water.
a)harbor
b)abrasion
c)erosion
d)all
e)None

Directions (18-20): Answer the questions given below based on the passage.
Q18. According to passage by which year NASA is planning to send the astronaut on moon surface?
a)2030
b)2022
c)2025
d)2024
e)None

Q19. According to passage on which NASA’s last year study showed sign of water?
a)within 20° of each pole
b)within 10° in particular
c)understanding the moon’s evolution
d)both a & b
e)None

Q20. Which of the following statements is/are true in context of the passage above?
(I)there have been 39 attempts so far by other countries to land a rover on the moon
(II)90-95% of the mission objectives have already been “accomplished”
(III)China’s Chang’e-4 touched down on the lunar far side and deployed the Yutu-2
a) Only (III)
b) Both (I) and (II)
c) Both (II) and (III)
d) All are incorrect
e) None

Answers With Explanation

Ans.1, c the action of exploring an unfamiliar area.
Ans.2, b it means arousing desire or expectation for something unattainable or mockingly out of reach
Ans.3, a it means the art of representing three-dimensional objects on a two-dimensional surface so as to give the right impression of their height, width, depth, and position in relation to each other.
Ans.4, a Permanently means in a way that lasts or remains unchanged indefinitely; for all time.
provisionally means it means subject to further confirmation; for the time being.
Ans.5, d Span means the full extent of something from end to end; the amount of space that something covers.
Extreme means most extreme; greatest.
Ans.6, c When we use above as a preposition, it means ‘higher than’. Its meaning is close to that of the preposition over. In the following sentences, over can be used instead of above:
The waves came up above her head and she started screaming. (or … came up over her head …)
She is a nervous flier. But once the plane got above the clouds, she started to relax. (or … got over the clouds …) covering something; part of the surface

This definition tells us that on means that one thing is covering something else. It usually touches the surface. Sometimes it is part of the surface, like putting butter on the surface of toast.
Most people put butter on their toast.
Ans.7, b use s after crater The verb fight has to be plural here.
Ans.8, d it means the art of representing three-dimensional objects on a two-dimensional surface so as to give the right impression of their height, width, depth, and position in relation to each other.
Ans.9, b it means move (troops or equipment) into position for military action.
Ans.10, a it means the speed of something in a given direction.
Ans.11, d use a before little. Use a little for non-countable nouns (e.g., jam, time). Use a few if the noun is countable (e.g., jars of jam, students). For example:
I have coffee with a little milk.
She likes a few songs by Frank Sinatra.
Ans.12, e no error.
Ans.13, d is correct. Because the correct sequence is EDBCA.
Ans.14, b is correct.
Ans.15, c is correct.
Ans.16, c it means planned or meant. Or done consciously and intentionally.
Ans.17, a it means a place on the coast where ships may moor in shelter, especially one protected from rough water by piers, jetties, and other artificial structures.
Ans.18, d according to passage d is correct.
Ans.19, d according to passage d is correct.
Ans.20, c according to passage c is correct.

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